1882 AAA Championships

Outdoor track and field competition

International athletics championship event
1882 AAA Championships
Dates1 July
Host cityStoke-on-Trent, England
VenueStoke Victoria AC Grounds
LevelSenior
TypeOutdoor
Events14
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AAA Championships

The 1882 AAA Championships was an outdoor track and field competition organised by the Amateur Athletic Association (AAA), held on Saturday 1 July at Stoke Victoria AC Grounds, Stoke-on-Trent, England.[1] For the second consecutive year the championship was held outside of London.

The weather in Stoke was fine without being too warm, and there was an almost entire absence of wind.[2] But only almost, the final of the 100 yards was run into a slight headwind.[3] Rain, that had threatened all afternoon, held off until the prizegiving when a few spots of rain fell.[3] The prizes were presented by Mr. C. M. Campbell, the Mayor of Stoke.[4] Crowds were much smaller than last year, with an estimated 4,000 spectators on the first day and around 800 on Monday for the ten miles.[5][6]

The programme of events was the same as last year with fourteen events for men only. The heats and finals all took place on one day with the exception of the 10 miles race which took place on the following Monday, 3 July, at the same venue.[1]

The track of the Stoke Victoria Athletic Club was a cinder path of 503 yards per lap, making it three and a half laps to one mile. The stadium layout included a separate straight sprint track, with a covered grandstand running the full length of the sprint track. The hurdles were set up on the grass infield, which was not considered up to championship standard and was thought to be in need of some watering and rolling.[3] The start of the first event was delayed for half an hour by the absence of a pistol, and this point together with the condition of the infield, the lack of local advertising that had suppressed the attendance, these all reflected badly on the local organising committee.[3]

There were no foreign competitors among the entries. The Davin brothers from Ireland, who had greatly enhanced the championship in the past two years, did not appear.[3] There was only one entry from Scotland, F. G. Westenra (Edinburgh Un. AC), and he did not appear, preferring instead to contest the Edinburgh University championship at Corstorphine the same day, where he finished second in the 100 yards.[7][8]

Competition in the middle and long distance running events was focussed on Walter George of Moseley Harriers who had that summer broken six world records at distances from 1 mile to ten miles.[9] He was entered in five events, and won four of them.[1] In the 2 miles steeplechase he retired after losing a shoe in the water jump on the second lap, while in third place.[3]Three events, the 440 yards, 880 yards, and shot put, saw new championship best performances, while the 100 yards saw the championship best equalled for the third consecutive year, and had the same champion in each of those years.[1]

William Page Phillips of London AC, the defending champion, was only second in his heat of the 100 yards. There were several false starts in the final, but when they finally got away Phillips made no mistake and led from the gun. At half way he was one yard clear and James Cowie, also of London AC, closed very quickly but Phillips held him off and won by half a yard.[3]

Phillips also finished second in the 440 yards for the third consecutive year.[1] In 1880 he was beaten by Montague Shearman, in 1881 by Lawrence Myers, and in 1882 by the relatively unknown Henry Ball of London AC. There were only three competitors who contested a straight final. From the gun Ball established a lead with C. S. Johnstone (Moseley H.) in second place and Phillips third. At 300 yards Phillips was fifteen yards in arrears, but then he started to move up and passed Johnstone at the 100 yard mark and closed on Ball who was visibly tiring. But he had left himself too much to do and at the finish was five yards behind Ball who set a championship best time for the event.[3]

Walter George won the 1 mile without being pressed and simply did as little as necessary to win. His next event was the 880 yards. W. R. Cook (Llandudno AC) led for the first 400 yards, then George went to the front, closely followed by John Sadler (London AC). In the next 200 yards George extended his lead to ten yards while Thomas Guinness (London AC) moved into second place. George won by twelve yards from Guinness and a fast-finishing W. Lock (Spartan H.) overtook Sadler for third place. George's winning time of 1:58 1/5 was a championship best performance and the first four finishers beat the standard time of 2:02.[3] The four miles was the last event on the Saturday, and George was the only entrant.[10] After he had run one lap the crowd came onto the track and he was forced to stop and declared the winner.[4]

On Monday evening for the 10 miles there were just four entries. Percy Stenning of Thames Hare and Hounds took the lead, followed by Walter George (Moseley H.), William Alexander (Birchfield H.), and William Lawrence of Moseley Harriers. Stenning led through 1 mile in 5:02, and two laps later George went to the front. Then he seemed to change his mind and went back to second place, but one lap later he took the lead and was never again challenged and lapped the rest of the field inside seven miles. George passed 3 miles in 15:47, 4 miles in 21:12, 5 miles in 26:37, and 6 miles in 32:06. Stenning dropped out at eight miles, reached by him in 45:40, when in last place. George went through 8 miles in 43:14, and 9 miles in 49:01. He ran the last seven miles entirely alone and yet his finishing time was only 7 seconds shy of the championship best performance set up by George Dunning of Clapton Beagles in 1881.[11][12]

There were no heats in the field events, some of which had only two or three competitors. It was customary at the time for race winners only to have their performances recorded, therefore, in the tables below other competitors are shown with the distance each man was behind the man in front. Field event performances are shown in feet and inches as they were originally measured, with a conversion to metric measurement in parentheses. Conversions have been obtained using the International Metric Conversion Tables published by the International Amateur Athletics Federation in 1970.


Results summary

100 yards
Pos Athlete Club Time / Dist
1. William Page Phillips London AC 10 1/5
2. James John Milroy Cowie London AC 1/2 yd
3. Thomas Michael Malone Ireland 2 1/2 - 3 yds
4. Herbert Chadwick Rochdale CC 4 - 5 yds

Notes: 2 heats. first two in each heat qualified for the final.[3]


440 yards
Pos Athlete Club Time / Dist
1. Henry Rawlins Ball London AC 50 1/5
2. William Page Phillips London AC 5 yd

Notes: no heats. only 2 competitors finished.


880 yards
Pos Athlete Club Time / Dist
1. Walter Goodall George Moseley H. 1:58 1/5
2. Thomas Archibald Guinness London AC 12-15 yd
3. W. Lock Spartan H. 3 yd
4. John Draper Sadler London AC 1 yd
5. D. McDonald New Brighton FC
6. W. J. Hogg Ireland

Notes: no heats


1 mile
Pos Athlete Club Time / Dist
1. Walter Goodall George Moseley H. 4:32 4/5
2. W. Staniland Lincoln Bicycle Club 4:33 2/5

Notes: only 2 competitors. George took the lead at the start and was never challenged.[3]


4 miles
Pos Athlete Club Time / Dist
1. Walter Goodall George Moseley H.

Notes: only 1 competitor, and he only ran 1 lap and was then declared the winner.


10 miles
Pos Athlete Club Time / Dist
1. Walter Goodall George Moseley H. 54:41.0
2. William J. Lawrence Moseley H. 56:57.0
3. William Whiteway Alexander Birchfield H. 57:02.0

Notes: held on Monday 3 July, same venue, only 3 finished. Percy Haines Stenning (Thames Hare & Hounds) started but dropped out after completing 8 miles.


Steeplechase
Pos Athlete Club Time / Dist
1. Thomas Crellin Liverpool AC 11:13 3/5
2. William J. Lawrence Moseley H. 25 yd
3. James Ogden Birchfield H. `a bad third'

Notes: only 3 finished.


120 yards hurdles
Pos Athlete Club Time / Dist
1. Samuel Palmer Cambridge Un. AC 16 3/5
2. Francis John W. Wood London AC inches
3. Charles Wright Gowthorpe Notts Forest FC 3-5 yd

Notes: no heats. only 3 competitors


High Jump
Pos Athlete Club Time / Dist
1. R. F. Houghton Newport FC 5ft 7 1/4in (1.71m)
2. Francis John W. Wood London AC 5ft 6 1/4in (1.68m)

Notes: only 2 competitors


Pole Vault
Pos Athlete Club Time / Dist
1. Thomas Ray Ulverston CC 10ft 6in (3.20m)
2. Edward Aubrey Strachan Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers 10ft 3in (3.12m)

Notes: only 2 competitors. Strachan may have cleared 10ft 4in (3.15m)


Long Jump
Pos Athlete Club Time / Dist
1. Thomas Michael Malone Ireland 21ft 9 1/2in (6.64m)
2. Ernest W. Horwood Marlow FC 21ft 4in (6.50m)
3. Francis John W. Wood London AC 20ft 3in (6.17m)
4. R. F. Houghton Newport FC

Notes: only 4 competitors


Shot Put
Pos Athlete Club Time / Dist
1. George McKenzie Ross Patricroft 42ft 4in (12.90m)
2. Thomas Michael Malone Ireland 35ft 6in (10.82m)

Notes: only 2 competitors


Hammer
Pos Athlete Club Time / Dist
1. Edmund Baddeley Cambridge Un. AC 96ft 4in (29.36m)
2. Walter Lawrence Oxford Un. AC 85ft 9in (26.14m)
3. Robert Lindsay Liverpool Police AC 83ft 10in (25.56m)
4. George McKenzie Ross Patricroft

Notes: only 4 competitors. Baddeley's second best throw was 92ft 4in (28.14m).[3]


7 miles walk
Pos Athlete Club Time / Dist
1. Harry Whyatt Notts Forest FC 55:56 1/2
2. George Phillip Beckley London AC 56:09
3. R. Parry Liverpool AC 56:55 1/2
4. W. Howard Bromborough CC 57:35
5. G. Cooper Norwich 57:58

Notes: 6 starters, only 5 finished. D. L. Morgan (Acock's Green FC) stopped after 1 mile when last.[3]


Championship best performance
Event Athlete Time / Dist Year
100 yards William Page Phillips (London AC) 10 1/5 1880
William Page Phillips (London AC) 10 1/5 1882
440 yards Henry Rawlins Ball (London AC) 50 1/5 1882
880 yards Walter Goodall George (Moseley H.) 1:58 1/5 1882
1 mile Bernhard Wise (Australia / Oxford Un. AC) 4:24 2/5 1881
4 miles George Morley Nehan (Blackheath H.) 20:26 1/5 1881
10 miles George Augustus Dunning (Clapton Beagles) 54:34 1881
120 yards hurdles George Patrick Charles Lawrence (Oxford Un. AC) 16 2/5 1880
High jump Patrick Davin (Ireland) 6ft 1/2in (1.84m) 1881
Pole vault Thomas Ray (Ulverston CC) 11ft 3in (3.43m) 1881
Long jump Patrick Davin (Ireland) 22ft 11in (6.98m) 1881
Shot put George McKenzie Ross (Patricroft) 42ft 4in (12.90m) 1882
Hammer Maurice Davin (Ireland) 98ft 10in (30.12m) 1881
7 miles walk John W. Raby (Elland) 54:48 2/5 1881

"Notes:" Performances in the Steeplechase are not comparable until the event was standardised in the 1930s.


External links

National Union of Track Statisticians [1]


References

  1. ^ a b c d e Ian Buchanan "AAA Championships 1880-1939" National Union of Track Statisticians (2003)
  2. ^ "St James's Gazette", Mon 3 Jul 1882 p. 10
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m "The Referee", Sun 2 Jul 1882 p. 5
  4. ^ a b "Birmingham Daily Post", Mon 3 Jul 1882 p. 6
  5. ^ "Yorkshire Post and Leeds Intelligencer", Mon 3 Jul 1882 p. 3
  6. ^ "Sheffield Daily Telegraph", Tue 4 Jul 1882 p. 7
  7. ^ "Daily Review (Edinburgh), Mon 3 Jul 1882 p. 3"
  8. ^ "Field", Sat 1 Jul 1882 p. 52
  9. ^ Richard Hymans "World Record Progressions" International Amateur Athletics Federation (2015)
  10. ^ "Sporting Gazette", Sat 1 Jul 1882 p. 18
  11. ^ "Nottingham Evening Post", Tue 4 Jul 1882 p. 4
  12. ^ "Evening News (London)", Mon 3 Jul 1882 p. 1
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