|Born|| (2019-05-06) 6 May 2019|
Archie Harrison Mountbatten-Windsor (born 6 May 2019) is the son of Prince Harry, Duke of Sussex and Meghan, Duchess of Sussex. He is the eighth great-grandchild of Queen Elizabeth II and is seventh in the line of succession to the British throne.
Birth, family and infancy
Archie Harrison Mountbatten-Windsor was born at 05:26 BST (04:26 UTC) on 6 May 2019 at the Portland Hospital in London. He is the first child of the Duke and Duchess of Sussex. Unlike previous royal births, there was no immediate photocall at the hospital steps. Several landmarks were illuminated in different colours to mark the birth, including Niagara Falls, the CN Tower and the London Eye. His name was announced on 8 May 2019. Mountbatten-Windsor descends paternally from the British royal family. He has mixed-race ancestry, having African-American and European-American maternal lineage. He has dual nationality of the United Kingdom and the United States. In the 2021 television interview Oprah with Meghan and Harry, the Duchess said that whilst she was pregnant with him, a member of the royal family expressed concern "about how dark [Mountbatten-Windsor's] skin might be when he's born".
Mountbatten-Windsor was christened wearing the royal christening gown by Justin Welby, Archbishop of Canterbury, on 6 July 2019 in the private chapel at Windsor Castle, with water from the River Jordan. In a break from royal tradition, Mountbatten-Windsor's parents did not make public the identities of his godparents. He was shown to his great-grandparents Elizabeth II and Prince Philip for the first time when he was two days old.
In early 2020, Mountbatten-Windsor's parents stepped down from their roles as working members of the royal family. The family then moved to North America and settled in Montecito, California in the summer of that year. His younger sister, Lilibet, was born in 2021.
In January 2022, it was reported that Mountbatten-Windsor had been attending a "non-traditional" nursery school in California, with focus on "emotional literacy and sustainability".
In September and October 2019, Mountbatten-Windsor accompanied his parents on a Southern African tour to Malawi, Angola, South Africa and Botswana. To mark his first birthday in 2020, he appeared in a storytime video with his mother as a part of the Save with Stories campaign, a project aimed at supporting children and families affected by the COVID-19 pandemic.
Title and succession
Mountbatten-Windsor is seventh in the line of succession to the British throne. As heir apparent to his father's Dukedom of Sussex, Earldom of Dumbarton, and Barony of Kilkeel, he is customarily entitled to use Prince Harry's senior subsidiary title Earl of Dumbarton as a courtesy. However, the Duke and Duchess decided instead that he would be styled as Master Archie Harrison Mountbatten-Windsor in accordance with their wish that he grow up as a private citizen.
Under letters patent issued by King George V in 1917, Mountbatten-Windsor is entitled to become a prince upon the accession of his grandfather, Charles, Prince of Wales. In the interview Oprah with Meghan and Harry, the Duchess said that she had been told that changes would be made to remove that entitlement. She suggested that this was because her son is mixed-race, but the Prince of Wales's plans for a scaled-down royal family limited to the direct heirs and their children date back to the 1990s.
- "Royal baby: Meghan, Duchess of Sussex, gives birth to boy". The Guardian. 6 May 2019. Retrieved 7 May 2019.
- "Royal baby: Meghan gives birth to boy, Harry announces". BBC News. 6 May 2019. Retrieved 6 May 2019.
- Furness, Hannah; Lyons, Izzy; Davies, Gareth (17 May 2019). "Duchess of Sussex gave birth at Portland Hospital in Westminster, royal baby's birth certificate confirms". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on 12 January 2022. Retrieved 29 December 2020.
- Mowat, Justin (6 May 2019). "Niagara Falls will shine blue Monday to mark royal birth". CBC News. Retrieved 7 May 2019.
- "CN Tower lit in purple to mark birth of royal baby". CBC News. 6 May 2019. Retrieved 7 May 2019.
- "London Eye to turn red, white and blue for royal baby". BT. Press Association. 6 May 2019. Archived from the original on 8 May 2019. Retrieved 7 May 2019.
- "Royal baby: Duke and Duchess of Sussex name son Archie". BBC News. 8 May 2019. Retrieved 8 May 2019.
- Barry, Ellen; Karasz, Palko (6 May 2019). "Meghan, Duchess of Sussex, Gives Birth to a Boy". The New York Times. Retrieved 29 December 2020.
- Alexander, Harriet (7 May 2019). Written at New York. "US tax authorities could stake a claim to Baby Sussex's inheritance". The Telegraph. London: Telegraph Media Group. Archived from the original on 6 May 2020. Retrieved 29 December 2020.
Los Angeles-born Meghan Markle is believed to have retained her US citizenship, and she will automatically pass that on to her offspring unless the child renounces US citizenship once he or she turns 18.
- "Royal baby: All you need to know about the birth of Harry and Meghan's child". BBC News. 6 May 2019. Retrieved 29 December 2020.
- Davies, Caroline. "Palace under pressure to respond to Harry and Meghan racism claims". The Guardian. Retrieved 8 June 2021.
- Dymond, Jonny (6 July 2019). "Harry and Meghan's baby Archie christened at Windsor". BBC News. Retrieved 6 July 2019.
- Dixon, Christine-Marie Liwag (21 January 2020). "Who Are Baby Archie's Godparents?". TheList.com. Retrieved 26 June 2021.
- Kelly, Roisin (9 May 2019). "The Sweet Moment the Queen Met her Great-Grandson, Archie, Has Shocking Historical Significance". Parade. Retrieved 7 June 2022.
- "Prince Harry and Meghan to step back as senior royals". BBC News. 8 January 2020. Retrieved 9 March 2021.
- Taylor, Elise (19 August 2020). "Why Prince Harry and Meghan Markle Chose to Live in Montecito, California". Vogue. Archived from the original on 21 August 2020. Retrieved 11 February 2021.
- "Harry and Meghan announce birth of baby daughter, saying: 'She is more than we could have ever imagined'". Sky News. 6 June 2021. Retrieved 28 September 2021.
- Walsh, Kathleen (4 January 2022). "Prince Harry and Meghan Markle Send Archie to a Very On-Brand Nursery School". Marie Claire. Retrieved 7 January 2022.
- Gonzales, Erica (6 September 2019). "Meghan Markle, Prince Harry, and Archie's Royal Tour of Southern Africa: Everything You Need to Know". Harper's Bazaar. Retrieved 20 October 2020.
- Clarke, Chevaz (6 May 2020). "Prince Harry and Meghan share adorable storytime video of Archie on his first birthday". CBS News. Retrieved 6 June 2021.
- Furness, Hannah; Southworth, Phoebe; Herbert, Samantha (6 May 2019). "Royal baby: Prince Harry says birth of son is 'the most amazing experience' as world waits for first sighting". The Telegraph. Archived from the original on 12 January 2022. Retrieved 29 December 2020.
- Multiple sources:
- "Archie Harrison: The meaning behind the royal baby's name". BBC News. 8 May 2019. Retrieved 8 May 2019.
- "Succession". The Royal Family. 17 March 2016. Retrieved 17 May 2019.
- Barry, Ellen (8 May 2019). "Harry and Meghan Name Their Son: Archie Harrison Mountbatten-Windsor". The New York Times. Retrieved 29 December 2020.
- Davies, Caroline (8 May 2019). "Archie Harrison Mountbatten-Windsor – what's in a name?". The Guardian. Retrieved 11 May 2019.
- "Archie: Why is Meghan and Harry's son not a prince?". BBC News. Retrieved 9 March 2021.
- Royston, Jack (10 March 2021). "The Full Story on Meghan Markle's Claim on Racism, Archie and Titles". Newsweek. Retrieved 11 June 2021.
- Archie Mountbatten-Windsor at the Royal Family website