Attacks on civilians in the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine

  • v
  • t
  • e
2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine
Kyiv offensive

Northeastern Ukraine campaign

Eastern Ukraine campaign
Donbas offensive
Eastern Ukrainian counteroffensive

Southern Ukraine campaign
Southern Ukrainian counteroffensive

Other regions
Naval war
Spillover and cross-border incidents
Resistance

Possibly related
Shelling of Kharkiv regional administration
Shelled residential buildings in Kharkiv Oblast

During the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine, Russian authorities and armed forces have committed war crimes by carrying out deliberate attacks against civilian targets[1][2][3] and indiscriminate attacks in densely populated areas.[4][5][6] The Russian military exposed the civilian population to unnecessary and disproportionate harm by using cluster munitions[7][8][9][10] and by firing other explosive weapons with wide-area effects such as bombs, missiles, heavy artillery shells and multiple launch rockets.[9]

As of the beginning of July, the attacks had resulted in the documented death or injury of more than 10,000 civilians including the documented death of 335 children, although the actual numbers are likely much higher.[11] On 5 July, the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Michelle Bachelet reported that most of the civilian casualties documented by her office had been caused by the Russian army's repeated use of explosive weapons in populated areas. Bachelet said that the heavy civilian toll from the use of such indiscriminate weapons and tactics had become "indisputable".[11]

Reports on the use of cluster munitions raised concerns about the high numbers of civilian casualties and the long-lasting danger of unexploded ordnance.[9][10] According to the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, weapons equipped with cluster munitions have been used both by Russian armed forces and pro-Russian separatists, as well as to a lesser degree by Ukrainian armed forces.[12][13]

Chernihiv Oblast

Bombing of Chernihiv

On 3 March 2022, just after 12:00 (UTC+2), six unguided aerial bombs were filmed falling in a residential area in Chernihiv,.[14] Analysis by Amnesty International found that (at least) eight bombs fell.[15] Two schools (№18 and №21) and 8 private houses in the intersection between the Viacheslava Chornovila and Kruhova streets (51°30′00″N 31°16′45″E / 51.5001°N 31.2791°E / 51.5001; 31.2791Coordinates: 51°30′00″N 31°16′45″E / 51.5001°N 31.2791°E / 51.5001; 31.2791) were destroyed, 7 more houses were also heavily damaged in the vicinity of the Biloruskyi Lane.[16] Local emergency services recorded 38 men and 9 women killed (47 in total) by the bombing and 18 people injured.[14] As Amnesty International was unable to identify a legitimate military target nearby, it said the attack could be a war crime.[15] Human Rights Watch (HRW) found no evidence of a "significant [military] target in or near the intersection when it was hit, ... pointing to a potentially deliberate or reckless indiscriminate attack." HRW called for the International Criminal Court investigation in Ukraine and the United Nations Commission of Inquiry to decide if a war crime had occurred and to hold to account the people responsible. The HRW investigation included telephone interviews with three witnesses and two other Chernihiv residents, and analysis of 22 videos and 12 photographs. The witnesses interviewed by HRW stated that they were unaware of military targets or operations in the neighbourhood.[17] Matilda Bogner, Head of the UN Human Rights Monitoring Mission in Ukraine, stated that the bombing "violated the principles of distinction, of proportionality, the rule on feasible precautions and the prohibition of indiscriminate attacks".[6] A bomb crater consistent with a 500 kg bomb was found. FAB-500 bombs were known to be used during the invasion.[15]

On 16 March 2022, a Russian attack killed 14 civilians who were waiting in a line for bread in the city, The event was reported by Governor of Chernihiv Oblast Vyacheslav Chaus and the United States Embassy in Kyiv.[18] The incident happened at around 10:00 UTC+3. Victims of the incident were killed following a blast shot from heavy artillery.[19] These civilians were unarmed and some of them survived the shelling; they were taken to medical facilities by the Chernihiv police.[20] An American citizen was among the dead.[21] Around four hours after the incident, the Chernihiv Regional Prosecutor's Office filed a legal case regarding the attack. The Chernihiv Oblast branch of the Security Service of Ukraine also started an investigation.[19]

Dnipropetrovsk Oblast

On April 7, there were three strikes on the region during the day. Russian forces struck the Sinelnykivsky and Kryvorizky districts. About four people died and Seven were injured. Two civilians also went missing.[22]

Dnipro missile strikes

On 11 March 2022. Three missiles hit the city and killed one person, striking close to an apartment building and a kindergarten.[23] On 28 June, Russian forces fired six 3M-14E Kalibr cruise missiles from the Black Sea to Dnipro at around 5:30 local time. One of them hit an Avtodiesel car repair shop, killing a man and a woman. Other seven people, including a six-year-old boy, were injured. Fragments of the Kalibr missile were found afterwards.[24]

Bombing of Kryvyi Rih

On April 7, a rocket hit a residential sector in Kryvyi Rih. One person was injured.[22] On April 18, Russian forces attacked the Kryvorizka district.[25] On September 3, the Shirokiv community came under fire in the Kryvorizka district. Many houses were destroyed. There were no victims.

Chaplyne railway station attack

On 24 August 2022, the Independence Day of Ukraine, Russian forces struck Chaplyne, damaging an railway station, a utility building, and a residential neighborhood.[26] Several passenger rail cars were set on fire and destroyed.[26] Ukrainian sources described multiple rockets or missiles being used in several attacks.[27] at least 25 (including 2 children) died and about 31 were injured.[28][29] The Russian defense ministry claimed it had targeted a military train using a single Iskander missile, and that the attack had killed 200 Ukrainian soldiers.[30] According to an Associated Press reporter on site, there was no visible indication that Ukrainian soldiers were among the victims.[31] International legal experts said that if civilians were the target, the attack might qualify as a war crime.[31]

Donetsk Oblast

Vuhledar cluster bomb attack

On 24 February, 10:30 (UTC), Vuhledar was attacked with an 9M79 Tochka missile, which landed next to a hospital and killed four civilians and injured ten.[32] Amnesty International described it as "irrefutable evidence of violations of international humanitarian law and international human rights law" by Russian forces.[33] Human Rights Watch (HRW) found that the Vuhledar hospital attack used a 9N123 cluster munition. The 9N123 contains fifty 9N24 individual submunitions, which each split into 316 bomblets. HRW based its analysis on contacts with the hospital and municipal administrations and multiple photographic evidence. HRW called for Russian forces to stop making "unlawful attacks with weapons that indiscriminately kill and maim."[34] The press secretary of the Russian Federation, Dmitry Peskov, denied Russian involvement, saying that this type of ammunition is used by the Armed Forces of Ukraine.[35]

Mass shelling of civilian infrastructure in Mariupol

Ukrainian civilians killed by Russian shelling in Mariupol

Between 1-2 March, Russian artillery reportedly shelled a densely populated neighbourhood in the city for nearly 15 hours, causing significant destruction. Deputy mayor Sergei Orlov reported that "at least hundreds of people [were] dead."[36] On 16 March the Institute for the Study of War (ISW) reported that Russian forces continued to commit war crimes in Mariupol including "targeting civilian infrastructure."[37] On 18 March, Lieutenant General James Hockenhull, Chief of Defence Intelligence for the United Kingdom (UK), described "continued targeting of civilians in Mariupol".[38] As of 20 March local authorities have estimated that at least 2,300 people were killed during the siege.[39]

On 20 March 2022, Ukrainian authorities announced that Russian troops had bombed an art school in the city where hundreds (about 400) were sheltering.[40] The Mariupol City Council made the announcement through the instant messaging service Telegram, highlighting that many of those sheltering in the school were women, children and elderly.[41] However, Petro Andryushchenko, an advisor to the Mayor of Mariupol, raised the concern that there was no exact number on how many people were using the school as a refuge.[42]

By 18 April, Ukrainian officials estimated that at least 95% of Mariupol had been destroyed in the fighting, largely as a result of the Russian bombing campaigns.[43] City officials reported that up to 21,000 civilians had been killed.[44][45] On June 16, the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights said that evidence strongly suggests the Russian armed forces committed serious violations of international humanitarian and human rights law in Mariupol, including the shelling and rocket attacks that destroyed much of the city.[46][47] In a separate statement, Human Rights Watch said Russia's military tactics were indiscriminate and caused a disproportionate effect on the civilians in the city. It also warned that going forward, access to the city and preservation of evidence were likely to be issues, given Russia's occupation of the city, and it called for international accountability.[48]

Targeting of humanitarian corridors

During shelling of Mariupol by Russian forces, a number of attempts to establish a humanitarian evacuation corridor to evacuate civilians from the city were made, but failed when the corridor was targeted by Russian forces.[49] On 5 March, a five-hour ceasefire was declared, but evacuations were quickly halted after shelling continued during the declared time.[50] The next day, the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) announced that a second attempt to establish an evacuation corridor had failed.[51][52]

Hospital airstrike

On 9 March, the Children's and Maternity Hospital No. 3, a hospital complex functioning both as a children's hospital and maternity ward,[53] was bombed several times by Russian forces during a ceasefire, killing at least four people and injuring at least seventeen, also leading to at least one stillbirth[54] Ukrainian authorities described the damage to the hospital as "colossal". Video footage following the attacks showed "much of the front of the building ... ripped away" and "mangled cars burning outside".[55] Hospital wards were "reduced to a wreckage, walls [had] collapsed, rubble cover[ed] medical equipment, windows [were] blown out and shattered glass [was] everywhere".[56] On 10 March, local authorities stated that one girl and two other people had been killed in the bombing, one of whom was a woman at a late stage of pregnancy; neither she nor her unborn child survived.[57] Ukrainian president Volodymyr Zelenskyy stated that people had "hidden" from the attack in time, minimising the number of casualties.[58]

Deputy Mayor of Mariupol, Sergei Orlov, stated, "We don't understand how it is possible in modern life to bomb [a] children's hospital."[54] Mariupol City Council described the bombing by Russian aircraft as deliberate.[54] Zelenskyy claimed that the attack constituted "proof that the genocide of Ukrainians [was] taking place".[58] Sergei Orlov, deputy mayor of Mariupol, described the attack as both a war crime and genocide.[59] British prime minister Boris Johnson described the attack as "depraved".[55] Jen Psaki, press secretary of United States president Joe Biden, stated that "It is horrifying to see the ... barbaric use of military force to go after innocent civilians in a sovereign country."[55] Josep Borrell, High Representative of the European Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, described the bombing as a "heinous war crime".[57] Cardinal Secretary of State of the Vatican City Pietro Parolin expressed dismay at the bombing, calling it an "unacceptable attack on civilians".[60] António Guterres, Secretary-General of the United Nations, wrote that the attack was "horrific" and that "this senseless violence must stop."[61]

On 10 March, the Russian Minister of Foreign Affairs and the Ministry of Defence publicly claimed that the bombing was justified. According to Ukrayinska Pravda, foreign minister Sergey Lavrov confirmed that the bombing of the hospital was a deliberate action. He stated, "A few days ago, at a UN Security Council meeting, the Russian delegation presented factual information that this maternity hospital had long been taken over by the Azov Battalion and other radicals and that all the women in labour, all the nurses and in general all the staff had been told to leave it. It was a base of the ultra-radical Azov Battalion."[62] On 10 March 2022, Twitter removed a tweet from the Russian embassy in the UK which claimed that the Mariupol hospital attack was "fake" and that Marianna Vyshegirskaya, one of the victims was an "actress" by citing her blogging career, as a violation of Twitter rules. British politicians welcomed the move and accused the Russian embassy of disinformation.[63] Meduza stated that the Russian representative to the United Nations, Vasily Nebenzya, had on 7 March referred to Maternity Hospital No 1 (47°08′20″N 37°36′12″E / 47.13892°N 37.60337°E / 47.13892; 37.60337) as a hospital that he claimed was used by Ukrainian armed forces as a firing point, not Maternity Hospital No 3. Meduza described Lavrov as having confused Hospital No 1, referred to by Nebenzya, with the hospital that was bombed, Hospital No 3.[53] On 22 March 2022, Russian journalist Alexander Nevzorov was charged under Russia's "fake news" law after he published information about the Russian shelling of a maternity hospital in Mariupol.[64] Under a new law passed on 4 March, he could be sentenced to up to 15 years in prison.[65]

Theatre airstrike

Mariupol theatre airstrike conducted by the Russian Armed Forces on 16 March 2022

On 16 March, Ukraine accused Russian forces of shelling civilian areas in Mariupol. Artillery hit numerous locations, including a swimming pool building and a vehicle convoy; shelling then struck the Donetsk Regional Drama Theatre that was being used as an air raid shelter with a large number of civilians inside, the building was reduced to rubble.[66] The bomb shelter in the basement of the theatre survived the bombing, but many people were still trapped underneath the burning rubble. A member of the Ukrainian parliament from Mariupol, Dmytro Gurin, said that the rescue efforts were hampered due to continued attacks on the area by Russian forces.[67]

By 17 March, the number of casualties was unclear; some emerged alive.[68] By 18 March, around 130 survivors had been rescued.[69] Mariupol City Council stated that according to initial information, no one had been killed, although one person was gravely wounded.[70] On 25 March, Mariupol City Council estimated that about 300 people had been killed as a result of the airstrike.[71] On 4 May, Associated Press published an investigation with evidence pointing to 600 dead in the airstrike. Many survivors estimated around 200 people–including rescuers–escaping through the main exit or one side entrance; the other side and the back were crushed.[72] Estimates of civilian deaths vary, ranging from at least a dozen (Amnesty International)[73] to 600 (Associated Press).[72][a]

Ukraine accused the Russian Armed Forces of deliberately bombing the theatre while it was sheltering civilians.[75] Russia first claimed that the reason the theatre was bombed was because it was "being used as a base by the Ukrainian military", and then denied the allegations and instead accused the Azov Battalion of blowing up the building, Both Russian claims have been refuted by independent investigation.[76] The theatre is among the many Ukrainian heritage and cultural sites destroyed during the invasion. The attack was classified as a war crime by the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe[77] and Amnesty International.[73]

Kramatorsk railway bombing

Kramatorsk railway bombing in April 2022

At 10:24 and 10:25, media affiliated with the People's Republic of Donetsk published videos showing a pair of missiles being launched from Shakhtarsk, a city under separatist control.[78] At approximately 10:30, two missiles hit near the railway station building in Kramatorsk,[79] and the first reports were published in Ukrainian media at around 10:45.[78] According to the Ukrainian government, between 1000 and 4000 civilians, mainly women and children, were present at the station awaiting evacuation from the region, which was being subjected to heavy Russian shelling.[80] the attack left at least 60 dead and 110+ wounded.[81] The missiles were initially misidentified as Iskander ballistic missiles.[82] Pavlo Kyrylenko, governor of Donetsk oblast, later specified that they had rather been Tochka-U missiles armed with cluster munitions.[83] The remnants of one of the missiles had the Russian words ЗА ДЕТЕЙ (za detey), meaning "[in revenge] for the children", painted in white on its outside.[84] It also bore serial number Ш91579, which investigators said could potentially help trace it back to its original arsenal.[85]

Initially, Russian state media and pro-Russian telegram channels claimed successful Russian airstrikes on a military transport target in Kramatorsk.[86] However, after it became clear that the missiles had killed civilians, earlier reports were redacted, the Russian government also denied responsibility for the attack, and the Russian Ministry of Defence characterized it as a "Ukrainian hoax".[87] The Russian Ministry of Defence later claimed that the missiles were launched by Ukrainian forces from the city of Dobropillia, southwest of Kramatorsk.[88] Russian media also said that the serial number of the missile was in the same range as one used by Ukrainian forces, however, these claims were rapidly debunked.[89] A fake video clip with a mock BBC logo, attributing blame to the Ukrainian forces, circulated through pro-Russian telegram channels and Russian state television since 10 April. However, the BBC said that it has not produced any such video.[90] The Russian Ministry of Defense claimed that their forces no longer use Tochka-U missiles. However, Amnesty International had published videos about use of Tochka-U missiles in other cities before Kramatorsk.[91] investigators from the open-source Belarusian Hajun Project had also published videos of several Russian trucks with Tochka missiles heading from Belarus to Ukraine with 'V' markings on 5 March and 30 March.[92] The Institute for the Study of War assessed that the Russian 8th Guards Combined Arms Army, which is active in the Donbas area, is equipped with Tochka-U missiles.[93]

Michelle Bachelet, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights,[94] Dunja Mijatović, the Council of Europe Commissioner for Human Rights,[95] Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy,[96] European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen,[97] French Foreign Minister Jean-Yves Le Drian,[98] British Defence Secretary Ben Wallace,[99] United Nations Secretary-General António Guterres[100] and Oleksandr Kamyshin, chairman of Ukrainian Railways[101] described the event as "war crimes" and "a crime against humanity". The Security Service of Ukraine opened criminal proceedings under Article 438 of the Criminal Code.[102] Royal United Services Institute analyst Justin Bronk said that Russia aimed to damage Ukrainian transport infrastructure to make it difficult for Ukrainian forces to move around Donbas. He also suggested that Russia opted for the Tochka-U missile type due to its use by the Ukrainian army, in order to "muddy the waters".[100] The Pentagon highlighted Russian responsibility for the attack, as well as the strategic importance of the railway junction.[103]

Missile strike on Chasiv Yar

A missile strike on two residential buildings in Chasiv Yar was carried out by the Russian Armed Forces[104] at 21:17 local time on 9 July 2022. At least 48 people were killed, Due to the impact, a five-story residential building partially collapsed. Two entrances were completely destroyed.[105] The strike was alleged, including by Donetsk Oblast governor Pavlo Kyrylenko,[106] to have been performed with "Uragan", a self-propelled 220 mm multiple rocket launcher designed in the Soviet Union.[107] The Russian Defense Ministry claimed that they destroyed a "temporary deployment point” of a Ukrainian territorial defence unit.[108] As of 10 July, 67 rescue workers of the State Emergency Service of Ukraine were trying to help the victims[109] and more than 20 people were still feared to be trapped under the rubble.[110] Rescue and search operations continued until the morning of July 14, 2022. Rescuers dismantled about 525 tons of destroyed elements of the building. 323 employees of the State Emergency Service and 9 units of equipment were involved.[111] As of 13 July, 48 dead were found under the rubble of the building,[112] and nine wounded were rescued as of 12 July.[107] A local resident told The New York Times that there were 10 elderly civilians in the buildings, but that members of the military had come to lodge there two days earlier. Two soldiers who probably took turns sleeping in the building after being on duty were among the dead.[113] Andriy Yermak, the chief of staff to Ukraine's president, said that the strike was "another terrorist attack" and that Russia should be designated a "state sponsor of terrorism" as a result.[114] Russian military spokesman Igor Konashenkov stated that Russia had killed "over 300 nationalists" in an attack on Chasiv Yar, but did not specify whether or not they were referring to the July airstrike or an earlier attack.[115]

Landmine dispersal over Donetsk

On 27 July 2022, thousands of miniature plastic antipersonnel PFM-1 mines were dispersed over civilian areas of the Russian held city of Donetsk by a BM-27 Uragan multiple rocket launcher. This resulted in a number of people being injured, most prominently Semen Pegov, a Russian war blogger calling himself "War Gonzo".[116] The Russian Foreign Ministry and local sources accused the Ukrainian army of being responsible for their deployment. The so called "butterfly mines" are banned under the 1997 Ottawa Treaty (signed by Ukraine but not by Russia) due to the high danger they pose to civilians. On 8 August, the UK Ministry of Defence issued a statement accusing Russia of carrying the attack.[117][118][119]

Kharkiv Oblast

Bombing of Kharkiv

During and after the Battle of Kharkiv, extensive parts of residential areas were destroyed by Russian shelling.

According to a HRW report published on March 4, on 28 February, at around 10:00 AM, Russian forces fired cluster munitions with Grad rockets into at least three different residential areas in Kharkiv,[120][121] killing at least nine civilians and injuring another 37.[120] The city's mayor, Ihor Terekhov, said that four people were killed when they left a shelter to get water and a family of two parents and three children were burned alive in their car.[122] The locations hit were residential buildings and a playground,[123] dispersed between Industrialnyi and Shevchenkivskyi District. Explosions in the city were recorded as late as 2:23 PM.[120]

On 1 March, a shell damaged a boarding school for blind children.[124] As of 4 March 122 civilians including five children had been killed in the Kharkiv region, according to the Kharkiv Region Police.[125] Out of an initial population of 1.8 million, only 500,000 people remained in Kharkiv by 7 March.[124] On 18 March, the number of civilians reportedly killed in Kharkiv exceeded 450 as a consequence of the use of cluster munitions and explosive weapons in heavily populated areas of the city.[5] On 24 March a cluster munition attack killed eight people were killed and fifteen were injured while queuing for humanitarian aid together with hundreds of civilians near the Akademika Pavlova metro station.[126][12] On 24 March 2022, a Russian missile strike hit a shopping mall parking lot near the Akademika Pavlova metro station.[127] At the time, hundreds of people were waiting outside a post office in the mall to obtain humanitarian aid.[128] Six people were killed and at least 15 further were injured.[129] Two further cluster bombings damaged the nearby Holy Trinity Church where volunteers were preparing humanitarian aid.[127]

Residential building in the center of Kharkiv destroyed by a Russian missile strike

On 15 April 2022 in the afternoon hours, during the battle of Kharkiv, the Russian Army fired 9N210/9N235 cluster bombs into the Industrialnyi District, striking a residential area and a playground in the Myru Street.[130][131] Nine civilians died and 35 were injured, including children. The local hospital received wounded people with pieces of steel rod and shrapnel in their limbs.[130] Overall, the cluster bombs detonated over an area of 700 square metres.[131]

Human Rights Watch investigated the attack and concluded that the Russian forces used Smerch cluster munition rockets, which disperse dozens of submunitions or bomblets in the air.[120] As there were no military targets within 400 meters of these strikes and due to the indiscriminate use of these weapons against densely populated areas, HRW described these strikes as possible war crimes.[120] On 13 May, CNN reported that newly collected evidence identified Colonel General Alexander Zhuravlyov commanding the 79th Rocket Artillery Brigade, ordered the use 17 cluster bombs, the 300mm Smerch Cluster Rocket, to be used against civilian targets in Kharkiv on 27–28 February.[132]

On 13 June Amnesty International published a report on what it called the "relentless campaign of indiscriminate bombardments against Kharkiv" causing "wholesale destruction" in the city from 24 February until late April.[126] The human rights organisation's researchers found fragments of seven cluster munition strikes in different neighbourhoods of Kharkiv and gathered evidence of the use of scatterable land mines and Grad rockets. Amnesty International documented overall 28 indiscriminate strikes in populated areas of Kharkiv which they claim may constitute war crimes, and which caused hundreds of civilian casualties and injured many more.[126]

On 11 July 2022, a Russian wave of shelling killed six people and injured 31 in the Ukrainian city of Kharkiv.[133] The mayor Ihor Terekhov said that the areas shelled were residential areas with "no military significance", including several civilian houses, stores, a tire repair store, and a school.[134][135] Reuters confirmed that at least one residential structure had been hit.[136][137] Authorities said that six civilians had died, including a 17-year old teenager and his father.[133] Oleh Synyehubov said that the Russians had used "artillery, multiple rocket launchers and tank attacks" on Kharkiv.[136]

On 16 August 2022, the Human Rights Watch documented that the Russian forces have assaulted Kharkiv with repeated unlawful attacks that killed and wounded civilians and damaged healthcare facilities and homes. All of the attacks were carried out in populated areas by indiscriminately using explosive weapons with wide area effects and widely banned cluster munitions in apparent violation of international humanitarian law.[138]

On 17 August 2022, at 4:30 am, several rockets fired from Belgorod hit the Slobidskyi and Saltivskyi districts of Kharkiv.[139] In the Slobidskyi District, a four-story hostel of a tram depot was hit together with adjacent repair workshop and an neighboring non-residential building.[140] The second missile attack was carried out at 21:30 and destroyed a three-story hostel in the Saltivskyi district, where people with hearing impairments lived,[139] The missile attack caused a fire, and the building was completely destroyed,[141][142] In the Slobidskyi district, two people were killed initially killed, with the bodies of six people subsequently being excavated from under the ruins, 18 were also injured, including two children.[139][143] Ten units of fire and rescue equipment worked at the scene of the shelling along with forty rescuers of the State Emergency Service.[143] In the Saltivskyi district, at least 19 people were killed and 22 injured,[144] including an 11-year-old child,[139][145] in total, 27 (including 1 child) were killed[146] and 44 (including 3 children) were injured.[139] On August 19, mourning was declared in Kharkiv.[143]

The Russian Defense Ministry confirmed the missile attack on Kharkiv in its briefing, According to their version, “a high-precision ground-based weapon hit a temporary base for foreign mercenaries” and as a result, “more than 90 militants were destroyed”.[147] President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelensky said: “When you hear about Kharkiv Saltivka, it’s pain again. Pain for all Ukraine. Pain for Kharkiv,” he wrote. “Rocket attack… On the hostel… The building is completely destroyed.” The President described the killing of residents as "a vile and cynical blow to civilians, which has no justification and demonstrates the impotence of the aggressor".[148] According to the head of the military administration of the Kharkiv region, Oleh Synyehubov: “The Russians brutally and purposefully attacked civilians. And now in their so-called "media" they are spreading another fake about "military facilities". There are no military installations. Exclusively civilian facilities, including pensioners and children. This is real terrorism, which only fiends are capable of!”.[149]

Bombing of Izium

On 3 March, Russian forces bombed the central hospital in Izium, Eight people died and the hospital sustained "significant damage".[150] On 8 March, the same recently-refurbished hospital in the city was destroyed during shelling,[151][152] this was followed on 11 March by an attack to a psychiatric hospital.[153] On 15 September 2022, after Ukrainian forces had retaken Izium, several mass graves were discovered of more than 440 bodies buried in a forest northeast of the city. among the dead, some had reportedly died as a result of shelling and airstrikes. Forensic investigations and questioning of witnesses were ongoing as of 16 September 2022.[154]

Kyiv Oblast

Irpin refugee column shelling

On 6 March 2022, from 9:30 a.m. until 2 p.m. local time, the Russian Armed Forces repeatedly shelled an intersection in Irpin that hundreds of civilians were using to escape to Kyiv, whilst a Ukrainian artillery position was located nearby. They killed at least eight Ukrainian civilians (including 2 children). Human Rights Watch alleged the Russian army carried out an "unlawful, indiscriminate and disproportionate attack". The incident was part of an assault on Irpin.

On that day, there were hundreds of civilians at the intersection on the P30 road, near the St. George's Ukrainian Orthodox Church, just south of a bridge that the Ukrainian army had destroyed to hinder the Russian invasion. The civilians were fleeing the Russian army's advance from Irpin towards Kyiv. In the intersection near the bridge were a dozen Ukrainian soldiers, some helping the civilians carry their luggage and children.[155] The Ukrainian artillery was firing mortar rounds from a position about 180 metres (590 ft) away.[155] No agreements had been reached between the parties about a temporary ceasefire or humanitarian corridor.[155] Journalists of The New York Times and freelance journalists on the scene report that for several hours the Russian army bombarded the intersection that the civilians were using to flee.[156] The Russians fired explosive projectiles into the area, with projectiles hitting the intersection or the surrounding area every 10 minutes,[155] Among the victims were a group of four, including two children, who were killed by a mortar strike.[157][158]

According to Human Rights Watch, it is possible that the projectiles were "observed" by the Russians, who would then know where they were landing and could easily have adjusted the aim away from the intersection. Instead they engaged in prolonged shelling of the intersection being used by civilians, which indicates "potential recklessness or deliberateness" on their part. The repeated nature of the attacks suggests that Russian forces "violated their obligations under international humanitarian law not to conduct indiscriminate or disproportionate attacks that harm civilians, and failed to take all feasible measures to avoid civilian casualties."[155] The human rights organisation also stated that the Ukrainian forces "have an obligation to take all feasible precautions to avoid or minimize civilian harm," such as refraining from engaging in combat in populated areas.[155]

Bombing of Kyiv

Residential building in Kyiv after being hit by a missile, 26 February 2022.

Ukraine's capital Kyiv, a city of some three million people, was among the first targets of Russian airstrikes.[159] Kindergartens and orphanages were also shelled.[160]

October 10 missile strike

Dead civilian in Kyiv after missile attack on the city center.

On October 10, 8:00 a.m. local time, several explosions rang out in the Shevchenkivskyi and Solomianskyi District of Kyiv.[161] This was announced by the mayor of the capital Vitali Klitschko.[162] According to Anton Herashchenko, the adviser to the head of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, one of the rockets in Kyiv fell near the monument to Mykhailo Hrushevsky on the Volodymyrskaya street.[163] A missile struck the Kyiv Glass Bridge at 8:18 local time.[164] The blast wave damaged the building and the roof of the central station Kyiv-Passenger.[165] The Russian Armed Forces damaged Ukrainian cultural and educational buildings, including the Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, the Khanenko Museum and the Taras Shevchenko National Museum.[166]

According to Rostyslav Smirnov, adviser to the Minister of Internal Affairs of Ukraine, at least eight people were killed and 24 were injured as a result of several hits in different places in Kyiv.[165] Areas struck by missiles included nearby a children's playground.[167] A fire broke out in six cars, and more than 15 cars were damaged.[168] The Kyiv Metro's red line and the Teatralna–Golden Gate interchange node subway trains stopped running and the underground tunnels became shelters for citizens.[169][170] Smoke also rose over the CHP-6 [uk; ru].[171]

Bombing of Borodianka

As Russian forces fought in and near Kyiv, Borodianka, which is on a strategically important road,[172] was targeted by numerous Russian airstrikes.[173] Most of the buildings in the town were destroyed,[174] including almost all of its main street.[175] Russian bombs struck the centers of buildings and caused them to collapse while the frames remained standing.[174][175] Oleksiy Reznikov, minister of defense, said many residents were buried alive by airstrikes and lay dying for up to a week.[176] Some residents hid in caves for 38 days.[177]

Only a few hundred residents remained in Borodianka by the time the Russians withdrew, with roughly 90% of residents having fled,[175] and an unknown number dead in the rubble.[173] Borodianka's mayor estimated at least 200 dead.[178] Agence France-Presse arrived in Borodianka on 5 April. The AFP did not see any bodies, but reported widespread destruction, and that some homes "simply no longer existed". The human death toll remained unclear: one resident reported that he knew of at least five civilians killed, but that others were beneath the rubble and that no one had yet attempted to extricate them.[179][177] According to Europe 1, ten days after the Russian army had left, firefighters were still working to recover bodies from the rubble in order to bury them with dignity. Their work was complicated by the risk of other buildings collapsing. More bodies were discovered daily. Local morgues were overwhelmed, and corpses had to be transported 100 kilometres or more.[173]

Shelling of Bucha

Ukrainian forensic investigations on the Bucha massacre revealed that dozens of civilians had been killed by metal darts ("fléchettes") of a kind used by the Russian army. Bodies from the Bucha-Irpin region showed lesions from small nail-like objects contained in tank or field gun shells. According to witnesses, Russian artillery fired shells that spread fléchettes a few days before retreating from the area at the end of March. While fléchettes are not prohibited under international law, their use in residential areas may qualify as the war crime of indiscriminate attack.[180] The spokesperson for the Ukrainian Ground Forces stated that Ukraine's military does not use shells with fléchettes.[181]

Luhansk Oblast

Bilohorivka school bombing

On 7 May Russian forces bombed a school in Bilohorivka where about ninety people were seeking shelter from the ongoing fighting during the Battle of Sievierodonetsk. The building caught on fire and trapped large numbers of people inside.[182] At least 30 people were rescued.[183] Two people were confirmed to have been killed, but Governor of Luhansk Oblast Serhiy Haidai said that the 60 remaining people were believed to have been killed.[184]

The attack was condemned by the Ukrainian Foreign Ministry and UN secretary-general Antonio Guterres, who said he was "appalled" by the attack, he also reminded that "civilians and civilian infrastructure must always be spared in times of war".[185][186] Liz Truss, the British foreign secretary, said that she was "horrified" and described the attack as constituting war crimes.[187]

Stara Krasnianka care house attack

On 7 March the Ukrainian armed forces occupied a care house in the village of Stara Krasnianka, near Kreminna, Luhansk region, and set up a firing position there without first evacuating the residents.[188][189] On 9 March, the Ukrainian forces based at the care house engaged in a first exchange of fire with Russian affiliated armed groups without casualties among the civilian residents. On 11 March 2022 pro-Russian separatist forces attacked the care house with heavy weapons while 71 patients with disabilities and 15 members of staff were still inside. A fire broke out and approximately fifty people died. A group of residents fled the house and ran into the forest, until they were met five kilometers away by Russian affiliated armed groups, who provided them with assistance.[188]

Ukraine officials accused the Russian forces of deliberately targeting a medical facility and forcefully deporting the survivors.[190][191] On 29 June, a report of the OHCHR described the incident as "emblematic" of its concern over the potential use of human shields to prevent military operations.[189][192][193]

Mykolaiv Oblast

Bombing of Mykolaiv

Cluster munitions were repeatedly used also on Mykolaiv during separate attacks on 7, 11 and 13 March, causing civilian casualties and extensive destruction of non-military objects.[194] In the 13 March attack nine civilians, including two children, were killed and 13 injured while waiting in line on the street at a cash machine.[195][196][12] The explosions also damaged houses and civilian buildings.[196] Human Rights Watch analysed the incident and found that the Russian forces used Smerch and Uragan cluster munition on densely populated areas.[194] Due to the inherently indiscriminate nature of cluster munitions, Human Rights Watch described their use in Mykolaiv as a possible Russian war crime.[194]

On 28 June, Russian shelling damaged the Central City Stadium.[197] On the following day, a Russian rocket strike hit an 5-storey residential building,[198] killing at least 8 people and injuring 6.[199] On 15 July, the two largest universities of the city were struck by missiles: Admiral Makarov National University of Shipbuilding and the Mykolaiv National University.[200][201][202] On 29 July, Russian forces bombed a bus stop. 5 were killed and 7 were injured.[203]

Odesa Oblast

Bombing of Odesa

On 3 March, the nearby villages of Zatoka[204] and Bilenke were shelled, killing at least one civilian in Bilenke.[205] On 23 April, a Russian missile strike hit two residential buildings.[206] killing eight civilians and wounding 18 or 20, according to Ukraine.[207] One missile that struck a residential building killed a three-month old baby, the mother, and the baby's maternal grandmother.[208][209] On May 9, Russia fired three Kinzhal missiles to Odesa Oblast. At that time, President of the European Council Charles Michel and Prime Minister of Ukraine Denys Shmyhal were in Odesa and had to hide in a bomb shelter. In the evening of the same day, Russian troops fired rockets at three warehouses in Odesa and a shopping centre in the village of Fontanka near the city, One person was killed and two were injured in the warehouses, three people were also injured in the mall.[210]

Serhiivka missile strike

According to preliminary information, on the morning of 1 July at 01:00 AM (UTC+3) three Tu-22M3 strategic bombers of the Russian Air Force flew from the Volgograd Oblast to Crimea[211] and after 1,200 kilometres (750 mi) fired three Kh-22s, supersonic anti-ship missiles designed for use against aircraft carriers, into a 9-store apartment building and a recreational center in the settlement of Serhiivka, Bilhorod-Dnistrovskyi Raion, Odessa Oblast.[212] A missile hit the apartment, one section of the building was completely destroyed. The fire also spread from the apartment building to an attached store. at least 16 Ukrainian civilians were killed in the residential building. Two missiles hit the recreational center, killing at least 5 (including a 12-year-old boy).[148] 38 more were also wounded, including 6 children.[148]

2 July was declared a day of mourning in the region.[213] Ukrainian President Zelenskyy accused Russia of having committed "an act of conscious, deliberately targeted Russian terror – and not some kind of mistake."[214] He noted that as in the recent Kremenchuk shopping mall attack, the Russian army "used unnecessarily powerful weapons to strike a civilian object".[215][216]

A spokesman of the Russian Presidency, Dmitry Peskov, denied that Russia was attacking civilian objects in Ukraine and said that the targeted buildings were used for military purposes.[215][216] Amnesty International visited the locations and studied satellite imagery, finding no evidence that the targeted buildings were used by the military.[215][217] Official representative of Germany Steffen Hebestreit [de] described the missile strike as an "inhumane and cynical" war crime.[218]

Poltava Oblast

Kremenchuk shopping mall attack

Shopping center in Kremenchuk after the shelling on 27 June

On 27 June 2022, the Russian Armed Forces fired two Kh-22 anti-ship missiles into central Kremenchuk, Poltava Oblast, hitting the Amstor shopping mall. A fire broke out, and, according to Dmytro Lunin, Governor of Poltava Oblast, the attack killed at least 20 people and injured at least 56.[219] 36 people were also initially reported missing.[220] According to the Ukrainian Armed Forces, the attack was carried out by Russian Tu-22M3 strategic bombers that took off from the Shaykovka air base in the Kaluga region. The missiles were launched over the territory of the Kursk region.[219] Ukrainian Interior Minister Denys Monastyrsky said that the missile hit the far end of the shopping mall.[221] The area of ​​the resulting fire was more than 10,000 square metres (110,000 sq ft) and up to 115 firefighters and 20 fire-fighting appliances were involved in extinguishing it.[219]

On the day of the attack, Russian television did not report it until the Russian Ministry of Defense confirmed that it had happened.[222] Pro-Russian Telegram channels have spread multiple conflicting theories about the missile strike, including the claim that the missile was aimed at a car factory near the mall, that the mall was being used as a military equipment warehouse, or as a base of the Territorial Defense Forces, and that the missile strike is a Ukrainian provocation involving the use of "canned bodies".[223] On the day after the attack, Russian authorities and state-controlled media issued a number of contradictory statements about the attack, including claims that the attack was "fake" and that the Ukrainian army had bombed the mall themselves.[215] Russian Defense Ministry spokesman Igor Konashenkov said: "The detonation of the munitions for western weaponry in storage led to a fire in a non-functioning shopping centre next to the factory."[224] The claims that the shopping mall was "non-functional" have been debunked by several organizations.[225] According to Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy, there were more than 1,000 people inside the mall when the strike occurred,[226] The non-profit online journalism collective Bellingcat used receipts from recent purchases at the mall to prove that the mall had been open prior to the attack.[227] the BBC also published interviews with people who were working or shopping in the mall at the time.[228] Per reports from independent military experts and researchers with Molfar, a global open sourced intelligence community, the factory and mall were too far apart from one another to cause any fires or explosions.[227]

The leaders of the G7 nations,[229] US Secretary of State Antony Blinken[230] British Prime Minister Boris Johnson,[231] Ukrainian president Volodymyr Zelenskyy,[232] Ukraine's Foreign Minister, Dmytro Kuleba[233] and Mayor Vitalii Maletskyi [uk] described the attack as "war crimes", "crimes against humanity" and "indiscriminate attacks", as well claiming that the attack was intentional and that there were "no close military targets"[234]

Rivne Oblast

Bombing of Rivne

On March 14, Russian troops carried out two airstrikes against the Rivnenska TV Tower, as a result of which 21 people were killed and 9 were injured.[235] Rockets hit the television tower and administrative buildings nearby.[236] On June 25, a rocket attack was carried out on civilian infrastructure in the city of Sarny, at least four people were killed and seven others were injured.[237] On the morning of October 22, 2022, Russian troops launched a missile attack on energy infrastructure, as a result of the attack, electric substations were damaged.[238] There were no casualties.[239]

Sumy Oblast

Okhtyrka school bombing

On 27 February, Amnesty International stated that it had analysed evidence showing that Russian cluster munitions from a 220 mm BM-27 Uragan rocket had hit a preschool in Okhtyrka where civilians were taking shelter on 25 February, killing three, including a child. UAV film showed four hits on the roof of the preschool, three on the ground next to the school, two injured or dead civilians, and pools of blood. Amnesty International analysed 65 photos and videos of the event and interviewed local residents.[240] Bellingcat stated that remains of the 9M27K rocket were found 200 metres east of the kindergarten. Russian forces were located west of Okhtyrka. Amnesty described the rocket type as "unguided and notoriously inaccurate", and described the attack as a potential war crime that should be investigated.[240]

Bombing of Sumy

In the evening and throughout the night on 7 March Russian forces executed an airstrike on Sumy's residential neighbourhood. About 22 people were killed, including three children.[241][242] Under the procedural guidance of the Sumy District Prosecutor's Office, criminal proceedings have been instituted for violating the laws and customs of war.[243]

Vinnytsia oblast

Vinnytsia missile strike

At about 10:10 AM on 14 July 2022, an air raid alarm sounded in the city. At approximately 10:42 local residents reported three explosions in the city. Before that, local residents noticed a missile flying over Bershad city and Vinnytsia. According to Ukrainian authorities, the Russian Naval Forces fired five Kalibr cruise missiles from a submarine in the Black Sea. Ukraine claims that two of the missiles were shot down.[244] One of the missiles reportedly hit the House of Officers [uk], a Soviet-era concert hall.[245] But, according to Ukrainian officials, two missiles also struck civilian buildings, including a medical center, offices, stores and residential buildings in the center of the city.[246] The attacks killed at least 28 people (including three children), and injured at least 202 others.[247][248]

Local officials pointed out that Kalibr missiles are high-precision which indicates that the Russians purposefully targeted civilians.[244] The strike has been labeled as a war crime by officials from multiple countries.[249][250] Ukrainian president Volodymyr Zelenskyy wrote on his Telegram channel: "Vinnytsia. Missile strikes in the city centre. There are wounded and killed, among them a little child. Every day, Russia destroys the civilian population, kills Ukrainian children, directs rockets at civilian objects. Where there is nothing military. What is this if not an open terrorist attack? Inhuman. Country of killers. A country of terrorists".[251][252] The strike has also been labeled as a war crime by Ukrainian Interior Minister Denys Monastyrsky.[247]

The Ministry of Defense of Russia officially recognized the attack on Vinnytsia the next day, saying that they hit the garrison house of officers, where allegedly "...a meeting of the command of the Ukrainian Air Force with representatives of foreign arms suppliers was taking place..." According to them, most participants of the meeting were killed.[253] Among the dead were allegedly three officers of the Air Force of Ukraine.[254][255] The missile strike occurred during a conference in The Hague on holding Russia accountable for war crimes.[256] The ambassador of Moldova to Ukraine, Valeriu Chiveri, condemned the attack on Vinnytsia, referring to attacks on civilian targets in Ukrainian cities away from the frontlines as crimes against humanity. He also mentioned the European Union's decision to grant candidate status to both Moldova and Ukraine and talked about the need for both countries to work together.[257]

Zhytomyr Oblast

Bombing of Zhytomyr

Emergency servicemen carry a dead body found under rubble in Malyn city, Zhytomyr Oblast, after a Russian airstrike on 8 March

On 1 March, late in the evening, Russian troops hit a residential sector of the city. About 10 residential buildings on Shukhevych street and around the city hospital were damaged. A few bombs were dropped on the city. As a result, at least two Ukrainian civilians were killed and three were injured.[258] On 2 March, shells hit the regional perinatal center and some private houses.[259] On 4 March, rockets hit the 25th Zhytomyr school destroying half of the school.[260] On 8 March, in an air assault, a dormitory was hit.[261] On 9 March, the outskirts of the city (Ozerne district) came under fire.[262]

Zaporizhzhia Oblast

Bombing of Zaporizhzhia

One civilian was killed and two others injured when five Russian shells were fired at Zaporizhzhia at 7.15pm on 12 August. Further city infrastructure in the Shevchenkivskyi district was also damaged in the shelling.[263]

During the night of 19 September, Zaporizhzhia was hit by eight Russian rockets in its industrial and residential areas. Followed by another rocket attack in the morning, striking the regional center near the Dnieper river.[264] Two days later the city was again hit by two Russian rockets during the night, followed by another five rockets attacks in the daytime. The regional center was hit an additional two times while other infrastructure and residential houses were damaged, two of the projectiles landed in a field on the outskirts of the city. The attack wounded three civilians.[265] The following day on 22 September, nine more rockets were fired at the city. One of the projectiles hit a hotel in the city's central park, killing one civilian and injuring five others. An electrical substation and several high-rise residential buildings were also damaged. Later that same day, ten more rockets struck the city and damaged about a dozen private homes.[266]

At 5.08am on 6 October, seven Russian rockets were fired towards the city center of Zaporizhzhia. Several residential buildings were destroyed and fires broke out due to the attack, killing 17 civilians and injuring 12 more.[267][268]

Zaporizhzhia was attacked once more during the night of 7 October, but this time by Iranian Shahed-136 kamikaze drones used by the Russian forces. The attack resulted in the deaths of 12 civilians with a further 13 injured and 15 missing.[269][270]

Civilian convoy attack

On 30 September, a Russian S-300 missile hit a civilian convoy of civilian cars near Zaporizhzhia killing 32 people, including a three-month-old child.[271] and injuring around 88.[272] People in cars had gathered in a logistic hub to register for entering Russian-occupied territories in the south, such as the cities of Mariupol and Melitopol, and they were planning either to return home or to meet relatives and take them back to government-controlled territory. According to a spokesperson for the local governor’s office, the attack on civilians was deliberate as no military objective was placed near the site.[273][274] It occurred hours before Russia formally annexed four regions of Ukraine, including Zaporizhzhia Oblast.[275]

Residential building airstrike

On October 9, 3 a.m. (UTC+3:00), six missiles were launched at a residential area in Zaporizhzhia, destroying an apartment building and damaging 70 other buildings. The attack resulted in the deaths of 13 people, including a child.[276] Another 89 were injured, 11 of whom are children.[276] The missiles reportedly originated from Russian-controlled locations in Zaporizhzhia.[277] The airstrike took place the day after an explosion damaged large parts of the Crimean Bridge, which Russian president Vladimir Putin accused Ukraine of carrying out, and called it an "act of terrorism."[278]

October 10 missile strikes

Residential building in Zaporizhzhia after the strike

On October 10, at 1.45am, about seven Russian S-300 anti-aircraft missiles struck the city resulting in the deaths of eight civilians.[279] Later on the day, an apartment block was destroyed and a kindergarten was damaged by shelling.[280][281][282] 5 people were killed and 8 were injured in that shelling.[283][284]

Notes

  1. ^ At least 11 (eleven) are confirmed by a Russian source.[74]

See also

  • History portal
  • flagRussia portal
  • flagUkraine portal

References

  1. ^ "Chernihiv: Are these Russia's weapons of war?". BBC News. 9 April 2022. Archived from the original on 3 May 2022. Retrieved 3 May 2022.
  2. ^ Gall, Carlotta; Kramer, Andrew E. (3 April 2022). "In a Kyiv Suburb,'They Shot Everyone They Saw'". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on 3 April 2022. Retrieved 3 May 2022.
  3. ^ "Ukraine: Russian Forces Fired On Civilian Vehicles". Human Rights Watch. 2 May 2022. Archived from the original on 2 May 2022. Retrieved 3 May 2022.
  4. ^ "Russian military commits indiscriminate attacks during the invasion of Ukraine". Amnesty International. 25 February 2022. Archived from the original on 25 February 2022. Retrieved 25 February 2022.
  5. ^ a b "Ukraine: Deadly Attacks Kill, Injure Civilians, Destroy Homes". Human Rights Watch. 18 March 2022. Archived from the original on 4 April 2022. Retrieved 27 March 2022.
  6. ^ a b Bogner, Matilda (25 March 2022). "Situation in Ukraine. Statement delivered by the Head of Human Rights Monitoring Mission in Ukraine on the situation in Ukraine". Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights.
  7. ^ "United Nations Treaty Collection". Archived from the original on 22 March 2022. Retrieved 11 April 2022.
  8. ^ "Ukraine: Russian Cluster Munition Hits Hospital – 4 Civilians Killed, 10 Wounded". Human Rights Watch. 25 February 2022. Archived from the original on 26 February 2022. Retrieved 26 February 2022.
  9. ^ a b c HRMMU Update on the human rights situation in Ukraine, 24 February – 26 March 2022 (PDF) (Report). UN Human Rights Monitoring Mission in Ukraine. 28 March 2022. Archived (PDF) from the original on 1 April 2022. Retrieved 10 August 2022.
  10. ^ a b Lance, Rachel. "The Enduring Danger of Cluster Bombs". Wired. ISSN 1059-1028. Archived from the original on 8 April 2022. Retrieved 2 April 2022.
  11. ^ a b "Ukraine: High Commissioner updates Human Rights Council". OHCHR. 5 July 2002. Archived from the original on 2022-07-10. Retrieved 2022-07-06.
  12. ^ a b c The situation of human rights in Ukraine in the context of the armed attack by the Russian Federation, 24 February to 15 May 2022 (Report). OHCHR. 29 June 2022. para. 27-30. Archived from the original on 2 July 2022. Retrieved 9 August 2022.
  13. ^ Gibbons-Neff, Thomas; Ismay, John (2022-04-18). "To Push Back Russians, Ukrainians Hit a Village With Cluster Munitions". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on 18 April 2022. Retrieved 2022-08-13.
  14. ^ a b Sabin, Lamiat (2022-03-08). "Dashcam captures moment Russian airstrike hits block of flats killing 47 in Chernihiv raids". The Independent. Archived from the original on 2022-03-08. Retrieved 2022-03-09.
  15. ^ a b c "Ukraine: Russian 'dumb bomb' air strike killed civilians in Chernihiv – new investigation and testimony". Amnesty International. 3 March 2022. Archived from the original on 2022-03-09. Retrieved 9 March 2022.
  16. ^ "Ukraine: Russian Strikes Killed Scores of Civilians in Chernihiv". Human Rights Watch. 2022-06-10.
  17. ^ "Ukraine: Russian Air-Dropped Bombs Hit Residential Area". Human Rights Watch. 2022-03-10. Archived from the original on 2022-03-11. Retrieved 2022-03-11.
  18. ^ Lister, Tim; Ochman, Oleksandra; Mezzofiore, Gianluca (March 16, 2022). "People in line for bread in Ukrainian city of Chernihiv killed by Russian shelling, regional official says". CNN. Retrieved 17 March 2022.
  19. ^ a b "У Чернігові російські війська обстріляли людей, які стояли в черзі за хлібом: як мінімум 10 загиблих" (in Ukrainian). Suspilne. 16 March 2022.
  20. ^ Romanenko, Valentina (17 March 2022). "Нові обстріли Чернігова: є жертви і поранені, серед загиблих - громадянин США". Ukrayinska Pravda (in Ukrainian).
  21. ^ Singh, Kanishka; Lewis, Simon (March 17, 2022). "U.S. citizen killed in Ukraine while waiting in bread line, family says". Reuters. Retrieved 18 March 2022.
  22. ^ a b "На Дніпропетровщині від російських обстрілів загинули п'ятеро людей" [In Dnipropetrovsk region, five people were killed by Russian shelling]. www.ukrinform.ua (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 2022-10-17.
  23. ^ Gilbody-Dickerson, Claire (2022-03-11). "Zelensky calls Russia a 'terrorist state' after Dnipro and Lutsk hit by missiles for first time". inews.co.uk. Retrieved 2022-04-05.
  24. ^ Krotovska, Olga (29 June 2022). "Russian missile kills two people when hitting Avtodiesel car repair shop in Dnipro". The Page.
  25. ^ "На Дніпропетровщині ракети рф влучили у цивільну та залізничну інфраструктуру" [In Dnipropetrovsk region, Russian missiles hit civilian and railway infrastructure]. www.ukrinform.ua (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 2022-10-17.
  26. ^ a b "Russia-Ukraine Train Station Strike/". Washington Post. August 25, 2022. Retrieved August 25, 2022.
  27. ^ "Zelenskyy and EU slam Russia after 25 killed in train station strike". euronews. 2022-08-25. Retrieved 2022-08-25.
  28. ^ Война Сто восемьдесят второй день
  29. ^ Russia-Ukraine War Russian Missile Strike Kills at Least 15 on Independence Day
  30. ^ Reuters (2022-08-25). "Russia says it struck railway station in Ukraine's Chaplyne". Reuters. Retrieved 2022-08-25.
  31. ^ a b Dupuy, Beatrice (26 August 2022). "Ukraine train station attack may be war crime, experts say". ABC News. Retrieved 2022-08-29.
  32. ^ The situation of human rights in Ukraine in the context of the armed attack by the Russian Federation, 24 February to 15 May 2022 (Report). OHCHR. 29 June 2022. para. 27–30. Retrieved 9 August 2022.
  33. ^ "Russian military commits indiscriminate attacks during the invasion of Ukraine". Amnesty International. 25 February 2022. Archived from the original on 25 February 2022. Retrieved 25 February 2022.
  34. ^ "Ukraine: Russian Cluster Munition Hits Hospital – 4 Civilians Killed, 10 Wounded". Human Rights Watch. 25 February 2022. Archived from the original on 26 February 2022. Retrieved 26 February 2022.
  35. ^ "V Kremle oprovergli svedeniya ob ispol'zovanii na Ukraine kassetnykh bomb" В Кремле опровергли сведения об использовании на Украине кассетных бомб [The Kremlin denied reports of the use of cluster bombs in Ukraine]. РИА Новости (in Russian). 4 March 2022. Archived from the original on 1 March 2022. Retrieved 6 March 2022.
  36. ^ Gunter, Joel (2 March 2022). "Ukrainian city of Mariupol 'near to humanitarian catastrophe' after bombardment". BBC. Archived from the original on 2 March 2022. Retrieved 2 March 2022.
  37. ^ Mason, Clark; Barros, George; Stepanenko, Kateryna (16 March 2022). "Russian Offensive Campaign Assessment, March 16". ISW – Institute for the Study of War. ISW – Institute for the Study of War. Archived from the original on 23 March 2022. Retrieved 19 March 2022.
  38. ^ Boffey, Daniel; Tondo, Lorenzo (18 March 2022). "Fighting reaches central Mariupol as shelling hinders rescue attempts: Russia claims to be 'tightening noose' around south-eastern port city as thousands still stranded". The Guardian. Brussels, Belgium; Lviv, Ukraine. Archived from the original on 23 March 2022. Retrieved 21 March 2022.
  39. ^ Anna, Cara (20 March 2022). "Russia bombs Mariupol art school where 400 were sheltering, Ukraine officials say". The Times of Israel. Archived from the original on 20 March 2022. Retrieved 21 March 2022.
  40. ^ Morris, Loveday; Timsit, Annabelle (20 March 2022). "Russian troops 'everywhere' in Mariupol as art school sheltering 400 is bombed". Europe. The Washington Post. Dnipro, Ukraine. ISSN 0190-8286. OCLC 2269358. Archived from the original on 28 March 2022. Retrieved 17 June 2022.
  41. ^ Carey, Andrew; Voitovych, Olga; Kesaieva, Yulia (20 March 2022). "School where hundreds were believed to be sheltering is bombed in Mariupol as fighting rages for key port city". CNN. Lviv, Ukraine. Archived from the original on 15 April 2022. Retrieved 17 June 2022.
  42. ^ Dafoe, Taylor (21 March 2022). "Russian Forces Bombed an Art School in Ukraine, Where Hundreds of Civilians Had Taken Shelter". Artnet. Archived from the original on 5 June 2022. Retrieved 16 June 2022.
  43. ^ Holly Ellyatt (18 April 2022). "Mariupol hasn't surrendered to Russia, PM says; at least 5 dead, 20 injured in Kharkiv attack". CNBC. Archived from the original on 18 April 2022. Retrieved 18 April 2022.
  44. ^ Yuras Karmanau; Adam Schreck; Cara Anna (12 April 2022). "Mariupol mayor says siege has killed more than 10K civilians". Associated Press. Archived from the original on 12 April 2022. Retrieved 12 April 2022.
  45. ^ "Russia-Ukraine war: 21,000 civilians killed, Mayor of Mariupol estimates". The Jerusalem Post. 13 April 2022. Archived from the original on 12 April 2022. Retrieved 18 April 2022.
  46. ^ "UN Human Rights Chief: 'Tragedy of Mariupol Is Far From Over'". VOA. Archived from the original on 2022-06-19. Retrieved 2022-06-19.
  47. ^ "UN High Commissioner for Human Rights presents update on situation in Mariupol - KyivPost - Ukraine's Global Voice". KyivPost. 2022-06-17. Archived from the original on 2022-06-17. Retrieved 2022-06-19.
  48. ^ "Ukraine: Accountability Needed for Unlawful Attacks and Violations in Mariupol". Human Rights Watch. 2022-06-16. Archived from the original on 2022-06-19. Retrieved 2022-06-19.
  49. ^ Matyas, David (8 March 2022). "Humanitarian Corridors in Ukraine: Impasse, Ploy or Narrow Passage of Hope? Humanitarian Corridors in Ukraine: Impasse, Ploy or Narrow Passage of Hope?". Just Security. Archived from the original on 30 April 2022. Retrieved 29 March 2022.
  50. ^ Gunter, Joel (5 March 2022). "Siege of Mariupol: Fresh Russian attacks throw evacuation into chaos". BBC News. Archived from the original on 6 March 2022. Retrieved 5 March 2022.
  51. ^ "Ukraine: Safe passage for civilians from Mariupol halted for a second day; ICRC calls on parties to agree to specific terms". International Committee of the Red Cross. 6 March 2022. Archived from the original on 29 March 2022. Retrieved 29 March 2022.
  52. ^ "Ukraine: Second attempt to evacuate civilians from Mariupol fails — live updates | DW | 6 March 2022". Deutsche Welle. 6 March 2022. Archived from the original on 6 March 2022. Retrieved 6 March 2022.
  53. ^ a b "Definitely not 'staged' – False allegations about the maternity hospital airstrike in Mariupol, debunked". Meduza. 12 March 2022. Archived from the original on 13 March 2022. Retrieved 13 March 2022.
  54. ^ a b c Ward, Victoria (2022-03-09). "'Atrocity' as maternity hospital in besieged Mariupol destroyed by Russian air strikes". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on 2022-03-09. Retrieved 2022-03-10.
  55. ^ a b c "Ukraine accuses Russia of bombing children's hospital in Mariupol". Al Jazeera English. 2022-03-09. Archived from the original on 2022-03-09. Retrieved 2022-03-10.
  56. ^ Sangal, Aditi; Vogt, Adrienne; Wagner, Meg; Ramsay, George; Guy, Jack; Regan, Helen (2022-03-10). "Russian forces bombed a maternity and children's hospital. Here's what we know about the siege of Mariupol". CNN. Archived from the original on 2022-03-10. Retrieved 2022-03-11. Police in the Donetsk region said according to preliminary information at least 17 people were injured, including mothers and staff. Ukraine's President said authorities were sifting through the rubble looking for victims.
  57. ^ a b Sandford, Alasdair (10 March 2022). "Ukraine war: Russian attack on Mariupol hospital a 'heinous war crime', says EU's Borrell". Euronews. Archived from the original on 10 March 2022. Retrieved 10 March 2022.
  58. ^ a b Zelenskyy, Volodymyr (10 March 2022). "Everything that occupiers doing with Mariupol is beyond atrocities – Zelensky's address (full text)". Ukrinform. Archived from the original on 9 March 2022. Retrieved 10 March 2022.
  59. ^ Harding, Luke; Borger, Julian; Henley, Jon (2022-03-09). "Children under rubble after Russian airstrike on maternity hospital, says Zelenskiy". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 2022-03-09. Retrieved 2022-03-10.
  60. ^ "Ukraine: Cardinal Parolin 'dismayed' at bombing of children's hospital - Vatican News". Vatican News. 2022-03-10. Archived from the original on 2022-03-10.
  61. ^ "Invasion of Ukraine: Neighbours struggle with refugee influx; UN expresses 'horror' at Mariupol hospital attack". UN News. March 9, 2022. Retrieved March 11, 2022.
  62. ^ "Lavrov confirms Russia deliberately bombed maternity hospital in Mariupol". Ukrayinska Pravda. 10 March 2022. Archived from the original on 10 March 2022. Retrieved 10 March 2022.
  63. ^ Dan Milmo, Hibaq Farah (March 10, 2022). "Twitter removes Russian embassy tweet on Mariupol bombing". Guardian. Retrieved March 11, 2022.
  64. ^ "Russia: Authorities launch witch-hunt to catch anyone sharing anti-war views". Amnesty International. 30 March 2022.
  65. ^ "Top Russian Journalist Defiant in Face of Fake News Investigation". VOA News. 23 March 2022.
  66. ^ "Mariupol: Russia accused of bombing theatre and swimming pool sheltering civilians". the Guardian. 17 March 2022. Retrieved 17 March 2022.
  67. ^ "Mariupol theatre: 'We knew something terrible would happen'". BBC News. 17 March 2022. Retrieved 17 March 2022.
  68. ^ Butenko, Victoria (17 March 2022). "People are emerging from the bombed Mariupol theater building, Ukrainian official says". CNN. Retrieved 17 March 2022.
  69. ^ "Zelenskyy: 130 rescued, 'hundreds' under Mariupol theatre rubble". www.aljazeera.com. Retrieved 22 March 2022.
  70. ^ "130 Rescued in Ukrainian Theater Bombing, Search for Missing Continues". Voice of America. 18 March 2022. Retrieved 18 March 2022.
  71. ^ "Ukraine fears 300 people were killed in Mariupol theatre bombed by Russia as families sheltered". www.independent.co.uk. 25 March 2022. Retrieved 25 March 2022.
  72. ^ a b Hinnant, Lori; Chernov, Mstyslav; Stepanenko, Vasilisa (4 May 2022). "AP evidence points to 600 dead in Mariupol theater airstrike". Associated Press. Archived from the original on 4 May 2022. Retrieved 16 June 2022.
  73. ^ a b "Ukraine: Deadly Mariupol Theatre Strike 'A Clear War Crime' By Russian Forces". Amnesty International. 30 June 2022. Retrieved 30 June 2022.
  74. ^ "В Мариуполе при разборе завалов драмтеатра нашли тела 11 человек". www.kommersant.ru (in Russian). 2022-04-24. Retrieved 2022-07-11.
  75. ^ Bachega, Hugo (16 March 2022). "Ukraine war: Russia attacks theatre sheltering civilians, Mariupol says". BBC News. Archived from the original on 16 April 2022. Retrieved 16 March 2022.
  76. ^ "Russia accuses Ukraine of trying to frame it over Mariupol theatre attack". Reuters. 17 March 2022. Archived from the original on 18 April 2022. Retrieved 4 May 2022.
  77. ^ Benedek, Wolfgang; Bílková, Veronika; Sassòli, Marco (13 April 2022). "Report on Violations of international Humanitarian and Human Rights Law, War Crimes and Crimes against Humanity Committed in Ukraine since 24 February 2022" (PDF). OSCE. Warsaw.
  78. ^ a b "По вокзалу Краматорска ударили ракетой с надписью «За детей». Погибли 50 человек (в том числе пять детей) Больницы не справляются с количеством раненых, заявил мэр Краматорска". Meduza (in Russian). Retrieved 2022-04-08.
  79. ^ "Kramatorsk station attack: What we know so far". BBC News. 2022-04-09. Retrieved 2022-04-09.
  80. ^ "Ukraine says at least 39 people killed in Russian rocket attack on Kramatorsk train station". CBS News. Retrieved 2022-04-08.
  81. ^ The situation of human rights in Ukraine in the context of the armed attack by the Russian Federation, 24 February to 15 May 2022 (Report). OHCHR. 29 June 2022. para. 32. Retrieved 9 August 2022.
  82. ^ "About 30 people killed in Russian strike on a packed train station in eastern Ukraine". NPR. 2022-04-08. Retrieved 2022-04-08.
  83. ^ "Kramatorsk: At least 1,000 at railway station when rockets hit - witness". BBC News. 2022-04-08. Retrieved 2022-04-08.
  84. ^ Isabel Van Brugen (8 April 2022). "Missile That Hit Ukrainian Civilian Station Had 'For Children' On it". Newsweek. Retrieved 10 April 2022.
  85. ^ "Kramatorsk, di chi era il missile della strage? Le teorie a cui non credere". la Repubblica (in Italian). 10 April 2022. Archived from the original on 10 April 2022.
  86. ^ "Russia accused of 'monstrous' war crime in Kramatorsk station attack". the Guardian. 2022-04-09. Retrieved 2022-04-11.
  87. ^ ""Точка У" разорвалась на вокзале в Краматорске, 52 человека погибли. Что известно о нападении и ракете". BBC News Русская служба (in Russian). 2022-04-08. Retrieved 2022-04-10.
  88. ^ "Death toll in Kramatorsk railway station strike rises to 50, including 5 children". The Hindu. 8 April 2022. Retrieved April 8, 2022.
  89. ^ "Russia's Kramatorsk 'Facts' Versus the Evidence". Bellingcat. 14 April 2022. Retrieved 19 April 2022. At the time of writing, the available open source evidence remains insufficient to reveal all details about the strike, including the direction of origin of the missile.
  90. ^ "BBC warns of fake video claiming Ukraine carried out Kramatorsk attack". The Guardian. 13 April 2022.
  91. ^ ""Точка У", "Калібри" та "Іскандери": якими ракетами Росія обстрілює міста України". BBC News Україна (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 2022-04-09.
  92. ^ "Suspect Claim by Russia on Rockets That Killed Fleeing Civilians". POLYGRAPH.info. Retrieved 2022-04-09.
  93. ^ Mason Clark and Kateryna Stepanenko (2022-04-08). "Russian Offensive Campaign Assessment, April 8". Institute for the Study of War. Retrieved 2022-04-09.
  94. ^ "Bachelet urges respect for international humanitarian law amid growing evidence of war crimes in Ukraine". OHCHR.
  95. ^ "Kramatorsk: Those responsible for the terrible loss of civilian life must be held accountable". Council of Europe.
  96. ^ "'Russia, an evil with no limits': Zelenskyy on east Ukraine rocket attack". Hindustan Times. 8 April 2022. Retrieved 8 April 2022.
  97. ^ "'An abomination': World reacts to deadly Kramatorsk attack". Al Jazeera. 8 April 2022. Retrieved 8 April 2022.
  98. ^ "Bombardement de Kramatorsk: Jean-Yves Le Drian dénonce un crime contre l'humanité". Europe 1 (in French). 2022-04-08. Retrieved 2022-04-12.
  99. ^ "Strike kills 50 at Ukraine rail station crowded with people". AP NEWS. 2022-04-08. Retrieved 2022-04-08.
  100. ^ a b "Missile kills at least 52 at crowded Ukrainian train station". AP NEWS. 2022-04-08. Retrieved 2022-04-09.
  101. ^ "Россия ударила ракетами по железнодорожному вокзалу Краматорска, 39 погибших, из них 4 – дети (обновлено)". Archived from the original on 2022-04-08. Retrieved 2022-04-08.
  102. ^ "В результате обстрела Краматорска уже известно о 39 погибших, среди которых 4 детей". Archived from the original on 2022-04-08. Retrieved 2022-04-08.
  103. ^ "Pentagon: Russia fired a missile strike at Kramatorsk station". babel.ua. Retrieved 2022-04-25.
  104. ^ "At least 15 Ukrainians killed in Russian rocket attack on apartment building". Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. 10 July 2022. Archived from the original on 10 July 2022. Retrieved 10 July 2022.
  105. ^ "Під завалами в Часовому Яру знайшли ще одну людину: загиблих уже 48". РБК-Украина (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 2022-07-13.
  106. ^ "Russian rockets kill 15 in Chasiv Yar housing block, Ukraine says". BBC News. 10 July 2022. Retrieved 15 July 2022.
  107. ^ a b "Число жертв удара по городу Часов Яр достигло 15". Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. Archived from the original on 10 July 2022. Retrieved 10 July 2022.
  108. ^ "Ukraine latest updates: Kyiv slams Russian citizenship decree". Al Jazeera. 11 July 2022. Retrieved 12 July 2022.
  109. ^ Romanenko, Valentyna; Tyshchenko, Kateryna (10 July 2022). "Russian attack on apartment building in Donetsk Oblast: death toll rises to 15, up to 24 trapped under rubble". Yahoo News. Archived from the original on 10 July 2022. Retrieved 10 July 2022.
  110. ^ Voitenko, Anna (10 July 2022). "Russian rockets hit apartment block, killing at least 15". Reuters. Archived from the original on 10 July 2022. Retrieved 10 July 2022.
  111. ^ "У Часовому Яру завершили рятувально-пошукові роботи". www.ukrinform.ua (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 2022-07-28.
  112. ^ Hunder, Max (2022-07-12). "Emergency services: Death toll from collapsed Donbas apartment block rises to 43". Reuters. Archived from the original on 2022-07-12. Retrieved 2022-07-12.
  113. ^ "In Eastern Ukraine, Attacks Intensify as Russia Readies New Offensive". The New York Times. 10 July 2022. Retrieved 12 July 2022.
  114. ^ Tondo, Lorenzo (10 July 2022). "At least 15 killed in rocket strike on apartment building in eastern Ukraine". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 10 July 2022. Retrieved 10 July 2022.
  115. ^ AFP, Nicolas Garcia for (2022-07-11). "Kyiv Warns Russia To Intensify Donbas Fight, 6 Killed in Kharkiv". themoscowtimes.com. Retrieved 2022-07-12.
  116. ^ "Semyon Pegov, founder of WarGonzo, wounded near Donetsk". Meduza. Retrieved 23 October 2022.
  117. ^ Young, Pariesa (17 August 2022). "What do we know about 'petal mines' scattered in the streets of Donetsk?". France 24. Retrieved 11 November 2022.
  118. ^ Hambling, David (4 August 2022). "Who Dropped Thousands Of Antipersonnel 'Butterfly' Mines On Donetsk? (UPDATE: UK Blames Russia)". Forbes. Retrieved 11 November 2022.
  119. ^ Zanger-Nadis, Maya (11 November 2022). "Ukraine accused of using controversial 'butterfly' mines against Russia". The Jerusalem Post. Retrieved 11 November 2022.
  120. ^ a b c d e "Ukraine: Cluster Munitions Launched Into Kharkiv Neighborhoods". Human Rights Watch. 4 March 2022. Archived from the original on 13 March 2022. Retrieved 4 March 2022.
  121. ^ "Several killed as Russian rockets pound Ukraine's Kharkiv". Al Jazeera. 28 February 2022. Archived from the original on 28 February 2022. Retrieved 29 March 2022.
  122. ^ Luke Harding (1 March 2022). "'Horrendous' rocket attack kills civilians in Kharkiv as Moscow 'adapts its tactics'". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 28 March 2022. Retrieved 29 March 2022.
  123. ^ David L. Stern; Miriam Berger; Sarah Cahlan; Isabelle Khurshudyan; Joyce Sohyun Lee (28 February 2022). "Dozens wounded in shelling of Kharkiv as Russia strikes buildings with suspected cluster munitions". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on 28 February 2022. Retrieved 29 March 2022.
  124. ^ a b Gorbunova, Yulia (7 March 2022). "Under Shelling in Kharkiv: People with Disabilities Need to Evacuate Safely". Human Rights Watch. Archived from the original on 13 March 2022. Retrieved 9 March 2022.
  125. ^ "188 people killed in Kharkiv region during war with Russia". www.ukrinform.net. Archived from the original on 5 March 2022. Retrieved 9 March 2022.
  126. ^ a b c "Ukraine: "Anyone can die at any time": Indiscriminate attacks by Russian forces in Kharkiv, Ukraine". Amnesty International. Archived from the original on 2022-06-18. Retrieved 2022-06-19.
  127. ^ a b "Ukraine: Hundreds Killed in Relentless Russian Shelling of Kharkiv". Amnesty International. June 2022. Archived from the original on 23 June 2022. Retrieved 27 June 2022.
  128. ^ Bobins Abraham (26 March 2022). "Russia Continues To Target Civilians, Six Killed While Waiting In Queue For Aid In Kharkiv". India Times. Archived from the original on 19 June 2022. Retrieved 27 June 2022.
  129. ^ AFP (24 March 2022). "Six civilians reported killed in Russian strike near Kharkiv aid station". Times of Israel. Archived from the original on 24 March 2022. Retrieved 27 June 2022.
  130. ^ a b "Ukraine: Hundreds Killed in Relentless Russian Shelling of Kharkiv". Amnesty International. June 2022. Archived from the original on 23 June 2022. Retrieved 27 June 2022.
  131. ^ a b Joel Gunter (12 June 2022). "Ukraine war: Evidence shows widespread use of cluster munitions in Kharkiv". BBC News. Archived from the original on 12 June 2022. Retrieved 27 June 2022.
  132. ^ "Exclusive: Russian general who oversaw atrocities in Syria led cluster bomb attacks on civilians in Ukraine". CNN News. By Nima Elbagir, Barbara Arvanitidis, Gianluca Mezzofiore, Katie Polglase, Tamara Qiblawi, Alex Platt, Victoria Butenko, Darya Tarasova and Maria Avdeeva. 13 May 2022. [1] Archived 2022-06-08 at the Wayback Machine
  133. ^ a b AFP, Nicolas Garcia for (2022-07-11). "Kyiv Warns Russia To Intensify Donbas Fight, 6 Killed in Kharkiv". The Moscow Times. Archived from the original on 2022-07-11. Retrieved 2022-07-12.
  134. ^ Reuters (2022-07-11). "Russian shelling kills three, wounds 31 in Kharkiv, Ukraine says". Reuters. Archived from the original on 2022-07-11. Retrieved 2022-07-11.
  135. ^ "Ukraine's Kharkiv rocked by deadly Russian bombardment". France 24. 2022-07-11. Archived from the original on 2022-07-11. Retrieved 2022-07-11.
  136. ^ a b "Death toll jumps to 24 in Russian rocket strike on Ukraine apartment block". SWI swissinfo.ch. Archived from the original on 2022-07-11. Retrieved 2022-07-11.
  137. ^ Voitenko, Anna; Balmforth, Tom (2022-07-11). "Death toll jumps to 24 in Russian rocket strike on Ukraine apartment block". Reuters. Archived from the original on 2022-07-15. Retrieved 2022-07-11.
  138. ^ "Ukraine: Unlawful Russian Attacks in Kharkiv". Human Rights Watch. 16 August 2022. Retrieved 16 August 2022.
  139. ^ a b c d e "Ночные удары по Харькову: 11 погибших, больше 30 раненых". BBC News Русская служба. Archived from the original on 18 August 2022. Retrieved 2022-08-18.
  140. ^ "Ранковий удар 18 серпня прийшовся по Комінтернівському трамдепо Харкова: відомо вже про трьох загиблих" (in Ukrainian). Delo. 2022-08-18. Archived from the original on 19 August 2022. Retrieved 19 August 2022.
  141. ^ "At least six killed as Russia shells Kharkiv flats: Governor". www.aljazeera.com. Archived from the original on 18 August 2022. Retrieved 2022-08-18.
  142. ^ "В Харькове под обстрел попало общежитие. Погибли семь человек". Meduza (in Russian). Archived from the original on 18 August 2022. Retrieved 2022-08-18.
  143. ^ a b c "Жертвами ракетных ударов по Харькову за последние дни стали более 20 человек". NEWSru.co.il. Archived from the original on 19 August 2022. Retrieved 19 August 2022.
  144. ^ "Удар по триповерхівці у Харкові: пошукові роботи завершені, кількість жертв зросла до 19". Укрінформ. 2022-08-22.
  145. ^ Quinn, Allison (18 August 2022). "11-Year-Old, Mom of Famous Ukrainian Athlete Among a Dozen Killed in Kharkiv Bombings". The Daily Beast. Archived from the original on 19 August 2022. Retrieved 19 August 2022 – via www.thedailybeast.com.
  146. ^ "Ракетные удары по Харькову: список жертв растёт". euronews. 2022-08-18. Archived from the original on 19 August 2022. Retrieved 2022-08-19.
  147. ^ ""Искандеры» по общежитиям. После ночных ударов по жилым районам Харькова погибли 10 гражданских, 37 ранены — Россия называет атаку «высокоточной"". Медиазона (in Russian). Archived from the original on 18 August 2022. Retrieved 2022-08-18.
  148. ^ a b c "Россия обстреляла курорт под Одессой, погиб 21 человек, в том числе один ребенок" (in Russian). BBC. 2022-07-01. Archived from the original on 2022-07-01.
  149. ^ "Мать украинской легкоатлетки погибла в результате российского обстрела Харькова". Delfi RUS. Archived from the original on 20 August 2022. Retrieved 2022-08-18.
  150. ^ "Ukraine: Beleaguered town of Izium at breaking point after constant attack from Russian forces - new testimony". Amnesty International. 16 March 2022.
  151. ^ "Ukraine war: WHO says attacks on health facilities are rising daily". BBC News. 26 March 2022. Retrieved 2 April 2022.
  152. ^ "Ukraine war: Izyum hospital destroyed by shelling". Sky News. Retrieved 2 April 2022.
  153. ^ "Ukraine says Russian forces hit psychiatric hospital but no one hurt". Reuters. 11 March 2022. Retrieved 2 April 2022.
  154. ^ Luke Harding (16 September 2022). "Ukraine says victims from Izium mass grave show signs of torture". the Guardian. Retrieved 16 September 2022.
  155. ^ a b c d e f "Ukraine: Russian Assault Kills Fleeing Civilians". Human Rights Watch. March 8, 2022. Retrieved March 9, 2022.
  156. ^ Addario, Lynsey (6 March 2022). "Russian forces fire on evacuees, leaving 4 people dead outside Kyiv". New York Times. Retrieved 13 March 2022.
  157. ^ Lynsey Addario, Andrew E. Kramer (March 6, 2022). "Ukrainian Family's Dash for Safety Ends in Death". The New York Times. Retrieved March 9, 2022.
  158. ^ Paulina Villegas, David L. Stern and Sarah Cahlan (March 6, 2022). "Two Ukrainian children killed 'in front of my own eyes' while trying to evacuate, official says". The Washington Post. Retrieved March 13, 2022.
  159. ^ Zitser, Joshua; Ankel, Sophia; Bostock, Bill; Dawson, Bethany (24 February 2022), "People in Ukraine describe the moment they awoke in a war zone as Russian forces bombed the cities where they live", Business Insider, archived from the original on 11 March 2022, retrieved 28 February 2022
  160. ^ Gilbody-Dickerson, Claire (25 February 2022), "Russia accused of war crimes in Ukraine after 'shelling kindergarten and orphanage' during invasion", i news, archived from the original on 10 March 2022, retrieved 28 February 2022
  161. ^ "Ukraine war latest: Strikes across country are revenge for bridge attack - Putin - BBC News". bbc.com. BBC News. 2022-10-10. Archived from the original on 10 October 2022. Retrieved 2022-10-10. Russian President Vladimir Putin has confirmed the strikes on a range of locations in Ukraine this morning. // In a video address, he says long-range missiles hit energy, military and communications facilities. // Putin promises a "harsh" response to any further "terrorist" acts on Russian territory.
  162. ^ "Ракетний удар по Києву: пролунали потужні вибухи, горять автівки, є жертви". glavred.net (in Ukrainian). Archived from the original on 11 October 2022. Retrieved 2022-10-10.
  163. ^ "Ракетний удар по Києву. Відомо про жертв та десятки постраждалих". РБК-Украина (in Ukrainian). Archived from the original on 10 October 2022. Retrieved 2022-10-10.
  164. ^ "A missile strikes near the glass bridge". Archived from the original on 10 October 2022. Retrieved 10 October 2022.
  165. ^ a b "Россия нанесла удары по критической инфраструктуре Украины – DW – 10.10.2022". dw.com (in Russian). Archived from the original on 10 October 2022. Retrieved 2022-10-10.
  166. ^ "Россия нанесла массированные ракетные удары по всей Украине. Что известно". BBC News Русская служба. 10 October 2022. Archived from the original on 10 October 2022. Retrieved 11 October 2022.
  167. ^ "Dozens of Russian missiles hit multiple Ukrainian cities". aljazeera.com. 2022-10-10. Archived from the original on 10 October 2022. Retrieved 2022-10-10.
  168. ^ "Ракетна атака РФ по всій Україні: в центрі Києва загинули вісім людей, вибухи пролунали в багатьох областях — онлайн". nv.ua (in Ukrainian). Archived from the original on 10 October 2022. Retrieved 2022-10-10.
  169. ^ Kitsoft. "Рух поїздів на всіх лініях метрополітену призупинено. Підземні станції працюють як укриття". Офіційний портал КМДА - Головна (in Ukrainian). Archived from the original on 10 October 2022. Retrieved 2022-10-10.
  170. ^ "У центрі Києва вибухи". BBC News Україна. Archived from the original on 11 October 2022. Retrieved 11 October 2022.
  171. ^ "По городам Украины нанесён массированный ракетный удар". Радио Свобода. Archived from the original on 11 October 2022. Retrieved 11 October 2022.
  172. ^ Pérez-Peña, Richard (5 April 2022). "In the rubble of a town near Kyiv, many are missing and feared dead". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on 14 April 2022. Retrieved 14 April 2022.
  173. ^ a b c "Ukraine : à Borodianka, la difficulté d'extraire les cadavres" [Ukraine: In Borodianka, the difficulty of extracting cadavers]. Europe 1 (in French). 9 April 2022. Archived from the original on 9 April 2022. Retrieved 9 April 2022.
  174. ^ a b Karazy, Sergiy (8 April 2022). "Borodianka razed: Zelenskiy says situation 'more dreadful' than Bucha". Reuters. Archived from the original on 26 April 2022. Retrieved 14 April 2022. Few buildings remain standing in Borodianka, the ones that do have burn marks running up their walls.
  175. ^ a b c Sullivan, Becky (7 April 2022). "Ukrainians return to Borodyanka after Russian withdrawal and find their town in ruins". NPR. Archived from the original on 23 April 2022. Retrieved 14 April 2022.
  176. ^ Nava, Victor I. "Civilians "buried alive" in Borodyanka, "much worse" than Bucha, Zelensky says". Washington Examiner. Archived from the original on 8 April 2022. Retrieved 8 April 2022.
  177. ^ a b "Massacre de Boutcha : ce que l'on sait sur la découverte des corps de civils" [Bucha massacre: what we know about the discovery of civilian corpses]. Le Monde.fr (in French). 2022-04-05. Retrieved 2022-04-09.
  178. ^ "Guerre en Ukraine: la ville de Borodyanka dévastée par les frappes russes" [War in Ukraine: The town of Borodianka devastated by Russian strikes]. Franceinfo (in French). 6 April 2022. Archived from the original on 3 May 2022. Retrieved 13 April 2022.
  179. ^ "Guerre en Ukraine: Zelensky accuse les Russes de nouveaux massacres à Borodianka" [War in Ukraine: Zelenskyy accuses the Russians of new massacres in Borodianka]. HuffPost (in French). Agence France-Presse. 2022-04-05. Retrieved 2022-04-09.
  180. ^ "Dozens of Bucha civilians were killed by metal darts from Russian artillery". The Guardian. 24 April 2022. Archived from the original on 24 April 2022. Retrieved 26 April 2022.
  181. ^ "Lethal darts were fired into a Ukrainian neighborhood by the thousands". Washington Post. Archived from the original on 18 April 2022. Retrieved 18 April 2022.
  182. ^ "Sixty feared dead in Ukraine school bombed by Russia, governor says". Reuters. Archived from the original on 10 May 2022. Retrieved 2022-05-08.
  183. ^ "Azovstal Defenders Vow To Fight Until The End, Saying, 'We Don't Have Much Time'". RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty. Archived from the original on 10 May 2022. Retrieved 2022-05-10.
  184. ^ Becatoros, Elena; Gambrell, Jon. "60 feared dead in Russian strike on school in eastern Ukraine". www.timesofisrael.com. Archived from the original on 10 May 2022. Retrieved 2022-05-08.
  185. ^ Statement attributable to the Spokesperson for the Secretary-General - on Ukraine, un.org, May 8, 2022, archived from the original on 10 May 2022, retrieved 9 May 2022
  186. ^ "Ukraine: UN chief condemns school attack; welcomes new evacuees from Mariupol". UN News. 2022-05-08. Archived from the original on 10 May 2022. Retrieved 2022-05-09.
  187. ^ Liz Truss condemns Russian 'war crime' after Ukrainian school destroyed, Evening Standard (published May 8, 2022), 8 May 2022, archived from the original on 10 May 2022, retrieved 9 May 2022
  188. ^ a b The situation of human rights in Ukraine in the context of the armed attack by the Russian Federation, 24 February to 15 May 2022 (Report). OHCHR. 29 June 2022. para. 35-36. Retrieved 11 July 2022.
  189. ^ a b Lardner, Richard; Dupuy, Beatrice (9 July 2022). "UN says Ukraine stationed troops in nursing home, bears some blame for March attack". www.timesofisrael.com. Retrieved 2022-07-11.
  190. ^ Ball, Tom (20 March 2022). "Ukraine accuses Russia of killing 56 care home residents in Luhansk". The Times.
  191. ^ "New images show burned bodies at ruined nursing home in Luhansk region". The Washington Post. 13 April 2022. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved 2022-07-11.
  192. ^ "Ukraine partly responsible for attack on nursing home, UN says". ABC News. 2022-07-10. Retrieved 2022-07-11.
  193. ^ "U.N. Says Ukraine Bears Share of Blame for Nursing Home Attack". FRONTLINE. Retrieved 2022-07-11.
  194. ^ a b c "Ukraine: Cluster Munitions Repeatedly Used on Mykolaiv". Human Rights Watch. 17 March 2022. Archived from the original on 24 March 2022. Retrieved 28 March 2022.
  195. ^ Helen Regan; Steve George; Maureen Chowdhury; Mike Hayes; Amir Vera (14 March 2022). "March 13, 2022 Russia-Ukraine news". CNN. Archived from the original on 18 March 2022. Retrieved 18 March 2022.
  196. ^ a b "Nine Killed by Bombing in Southern City of Mykolaiv: Regional Governor". The Moscow Times. AFP. 13 March 2022. Archived from the original on 14 March 2022. Retrieved 18 March 2022.
  197. ^ "8 Russian missiles strike Mykolaiv, hitting stadium and military base". Ukrainska Pravda. 2022-06-28.
  198. ^ "Mykolaiv: Russia hits apartment building, killing civilians". Ukrainska Pravda. 2022-06-29.
  199. ^ "Mykolaiv missile strike: death toll rises to 8". Ukrainska Pravda. 2022-07-01.
  200. ^ "Two universities in Mykolaiv hit by missiles; Russian forces advance on Siversk". The Washington Post. 2022-07-15. Archived from the original on 2022-07-15.
  201. ^ "Russia hammers Mykolaiv again, hitting two universities in the southern city". The New York Times. 2022-07-15.
  202. ^ Завгородня І. (2022-07-15). "Удар по Миколаєву: значні руйнування двох університетів, четверо постраждалих" (in Ukrainian). Deutsche Welle. Archived from the original on 2022-07-21.
  203. ^ "Five killed in Russian attack on Ukrainian city of Mykolaiv, governor says". Reuters. 29 July 2022. Archived from the original on 2022-08-06. Retrieved 2022-08-10.
  204. ^ "Ворог обстріляв курортну Затоку на Одещині". Ukrinform (in Ukrainian). 3 March 2022. Archived from the original on 30 March 2022. Retrieved 29 March 2022.
  205. ^ Лотоцька, Наталка (3 March 2022). "Окупанти двічі обстріляли село Біленьке на Одещині, загинула людина". LB.ua (in Ukrainian). Archived from the original on 23 March 2022. Retrieved 29 March 2022.
  206. ^ "As a result of missile attack on Odesa, military facility and two residential buildings damaged". Interfax-Ukraine. Archived from the original on 2022-06-06. Retrieved 2022-08-10.
  207. ^ Ruiz, Joe; Chowdhury, Maureen; Hayes, Mike; McCarthy, Simone; Woodyatt, Amy; Vera, Amir; Regan, Helen; Raine, Andrew (24 April 2022). "8 dead in Russian missile strikes in Southern Ukraine, Odesa mayor says". CNN. Archived from the original on 19 May 2022. Retrieved 10 August 2022.
  208. ^ Davies, Caroline (24 April 2022). "Odesa missile attack: 'My world was destroyed by a Russian missile'". BBC. Archived from the original on 24 April 2022. Retrieved 25 April 2022.
  209. ^ Falconer, Rebecca (24 April 2022). "Baby among 8 dead in Russian missile strikes on Odessa, Ukraine says". Axios. Archived from the original on 24 April 2022. Retrieved 25 April 2022.
  210. ^ "Россия бомбила Одессу 9 мая. Последний удар был после праздничного салюта в Москве. Фото" (in Russian). BBC. 2022-05-10. Archived from the original on 2022-05-10.
  211. ^ "Russia Ukraine War News LIVE Updates: 17 dead in missile strike on Odessa apartment building". The Times of India.
  212. ^ Hunder, Max; Balmforth, Tom (2 July 2022). "Russia kills 18 with missiles near Odesa after abandoning Snake Island". Reuters. Archived from the original on 2022-07-09. Retrieved 2022-08-10.
  213. ^ "В Одессе и области объявили траур по жертвам трагедии в Сергеевке". USI. 1 July 2022.
  214. ^ "Russia-Ukraine war: Zelenskiy accuses Russia of 'deliberate terror'; UK 'condemns exploitation' of captured Britons – latest updates". the Guardian. 2022-07-02. Retrieved 2022-07-02.
  215. ^ a b c d "Kyiv says at least 21 dead in strike near city of Odessa". The Washington Post. 1 July 2022. Archived from the original on 2 July 2022. Retrieved 2 July 2022.
  216. ^ a b "Russian missiles kill at least 21 in Ukraine's Odesa region". ABC News. 2 July 2022. Retrieved 2022-07-02.
  217. ^ "Ukraine: Civilians killed by 'reckless' Russian attacks on Serhiivka apartment block and beach resort". Amnesty International. 7 July 2022. Retrieved 8 July 2022.
  218. ^ "Правительство ФРГ назвало военным преступлением обстрел Одесской области" [FPR government said the missile strike in Odessa Oblast is a war crime]. Deutsche Welle (in Russian).
  219. ^ a b c "Российская ракета попала в торговый центр в Кременчуге. Погибли 20 человек, десятки раненых" [A Russian rocket hit a shopping mall in Kremenchuk. 20 people died, dozens injured]. www.bbc.com (in Russian).
  220. ^ Lewis, Simon (29 June 2022). "Dozens missing after Russian missile strike on mall kills 18". www.reuters.com. Reuters.
  221. ^ Terajima, Asami (28 June 2022). "Interior minister: No hope to find survivors under debris of Kremenchuk mall after Russian missile strike". The Kyiv Independent.
  222. ^ "Kremenchuk attack latest to get Russian media blackout treatment". the Guardian. 2022-06-28. Retrieved 2022-06-28.
  223. ^ "Российские военные ударили ракетами по торговому центру в Кременчуге" [Russian military fired rockets at a shopping center in Kremenchuk]. The Moscow Times (in Russian). 27 June 2022.
  224. ^ Seddon, Max (28 June 2022). "Russia claims responsibility for Kremenchuk mall strike". Financial Times. London. Archived from the original on 28 Jun 2022. Retrieved 28 June 2022.
  225. ^ "Ukraine war: Kremenchuk shopping centre attack claims fact-checked". BBC News. 2022-06-28. Retrieved 2022-06-28.
  226. ^ "Russian missile strike kills 16 in shopping mall, Ukraine says". Reuters. 27 June 2022.
  227. ^ a b Tondo, Lorenzo (2022-06-29). "Evidence contradicts Russian claims about Kremenchuk mall attack". the Guardian. Retrieved 2022-07-08.
  228. ^ "Kremenchuk strike: 'I didn't think they would hit a mall - it's a safe place'". BBC News. 2022-06-28. Archived from the original on 2022-06-28. Retrieved 2022-06-28.
  229. ^ Hughes, David (28 June 2022). "Ukraine: Putin's attack on Kremenchuk shopping centre a 'war crime', world leaders say". The Independent. Retrieved 28 June 2022.
  230. ^ Olearchyk, Roman; Brower, Derek (27 June 2022). "Russian missile strike on Ukraine shopping mall draws outcry". Financial Times. The Financial Times Ltd. Archived from the original on 28 June 2022. Retrieved 27 June 2022.
  231. ^ Hughes, David (27 June 2022). "Boris Johnson condemns Putin's 'barbarism' after shopping centre missile strike". Yahoo! News. Retrieved 27 June 2022.
  232. ^ "Deadly missile strike destroys shopping centre in central Ukraine city". CBC. 27 June 2022.
  233. ^ Picheta, Rob (June 27, 2022). "Russian airstrike hits busy shopping mall in central Ukraine". CNN. Retrieved 2022-06-27.
  234. ^ The Associated Press (2022-06-27). "Russian missile strike hits a crowded shopping mall in central Ukraine". NPR. Retrieved 2022-06-28.
  235. ^ "Удар по телевежі в Рівному: є загиблі і поранені". РБК-Украина (in Russian). Retrieved 2022-10-28.
  236. ^ "Біля Рівного через авіаудар пошкоджена телевежа, - голова ОВА". РБК-Украина (in Russian). Retrieved 2022-10-28.
  237. ^ "Знищені вантажівки та зруйновані приміщення: показали відео наслідків ракетних ударів по Рівненщині". ТСН.ua (in Ukrainian). 2022-06-25. Retrieved 2022-10-28.
  238. ^ "Окупанти обстріляли ракетами Рівненщину: пошкоджені електропідстанції". ТСН.ua (in Ukrainian). 2022-10-22. Retrieved 2022-10-28.
  239. ^ "Унаслідок атаки росіян аварійно зупинився "Рівнеазот"". РБК-Украина (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 2022-10-28.
  240. ^ a b "Ukraine: Cluster munitions kill child and two other civilians taking shelter at a preschool". Amnesty International. 27 February 2022. Archived from the original on 27 February 2022. Retrieved 27 February 2022.
  241. ^ "Sumy airstrikes: 22 killed, another child retrieved from rubble dead". Ukrayinska Pravda. Archived from the original on 9 March 2022. Retrieved 9 March 2022..
  242. ^ "14-й день війни: Військові злочини ворога в Сумах та Чернігові". ФОКУС (in Ukrainian). 9 March 2022. Archived from the original on 9 March 2022. Retrieved 10 March 2022.
  243. ^ "War crimes of the Russian Federation: as a result of an air strike on the residential sector killed 21 civilians, including 2 children". Uacrisis.org. 8 March 2022. Archived from the original on 8 March 2022. Retrieved 11 March 2022.
  244. ^ a b Grazia Murru, Maria; Arhirova, Hanna (2022-07-14). "Russian missiles kill at least 23 in Ukraine, wound over 100". AP News. Archived from the original on 2022-07-14. Retrieved 2022-07-14.
  245. ^ "При российском обстреле Винницы погибла четырехлетняя Лиза. Ее мать Ирина тяжело ранена". Meduza (in Russian). 2022-07-15. Archived from the original on 2022-07-28. Retrieved 2022-07-29.
  246. ^ "Зросла кількість загиблих внаслідок ракетного удару по Вінниці". Громадське телебачення. 2022-07-16. Archived from the original on 16 July 2022. Retrieved 16 July 2022.
  247. ^ a b Wright, George (14 July 2022). "Ukraine War: 23 Killed in Russian Rocket Attack on Vinnytsia". BBC News. Archived from the original on 2022-07-15. Retrieved 2022-07-15.
  248. ^ "Прильоти по Вінниці: загинуло 17 людей, біля 50 – у важкому стані". Українська правда (in Ukrainian). Archived from the original on 2022-07-15. Retrieved 2022-07-14.
  249. ^ "Ukraine war: 23 killed in Russian rocket attack on Vinnytsia". BBC News. 14 July 2022. Archived from the original on 2022-07-15. Retrieved 2022-07-15.
  250. ^ "Russian missiles kill at least 23 in Ukraine, wound over 100". ABC News. Archived from the original on 2022-07-15. Retrieved 2022-07-15.
  251. ^ "Russia-Ukraine war latest: mother and child reported among dead after missile strike on Vinnytsia". the Guardian. 2022-07-14. Archived from the original on 2022-07-14. Retrieved 2022-07-14.
  252. ^ "Zelenskiy / Official". Telegram. Archived from the original on 2022-07-14. Retrieved 2022-07-14.
  253. ^ "Russia Says Building Struck in Ukraine's Vinnytsia was Military Target". Reuters. 2022-07-15. Archived from the original on 15 July 2022. Retrieved 2022-07-15.
  254. ^ "У Вінниці внаслідок ракетного удару загинуло троє офіцерів Повітряних сил ЗСУ" (in Ukrainian). Подробиці. 20 July 2022. Retrieved 30 July 2022.
  255. ^ "Среди погибших при российском ударе по Виннице оказались трое офицеров украинских ВВС. Всего погибли 25 человек, в том числе дети". Meduza. 19 July 2022. Retrieved 24 July 2022.
  256. ^ "War crimes conference with Ukrainian and ICC prosecutors begins in The Hague". CNN. 14 July 2022. Retrieved 2022-07-16.
  257. ^ "Republica Moldova condamnă atacurile lansate de armata rusă asupra orașului Vinița, soldate cu moartea a 23 de civili". G4Media (in Romanian). 16 July 2022.
  258. ^ Російські окупанти вдарили бомбами по Житомиру. Горять житлові будинки. РБК-Украина (in Russian). Archived from the original on 10 March 2022. Retrieved 10 March 2022.
  259. ^ Окупанти обстріляли Обласний перинатальний центр в Житомирі. РБК-Украина (in Russian). Archived from the original on 8 March 2022. Retrieved 10 March 2022.
  260. ^ "РОСІЙСЬКІ ОРКИ ЗАВДАЛИ ПОТУЖНОГО УДАРУ ПО ШКОЛІ ЖИТОМИРА". Archived from the original on 6 March 2022. Retrieved 10 March 2022.
  261. ^ Ворог наніс авіаудар по Житомиру та Київській області. Повністю зруйновано гуртожиток. РБК-Украина (in Russian). Archived from the original on 9 March 2022. Retrieved 10 March 2022.
  262. ^ Цензор.НЕТ. Війська РФ скидають авіабомби на Житомир. ВIДЕО. Цензор.НЕТ (in Ukrainian). Archived from the original on 10 March 2022. Retrieved 10 March 2022.
  263. ^ "Ракетний удар по Запоріжжю: одна людина загинула, ще двоє - отримали травми". ukrinform.ua. Retrieved 2 November 2022.
  264. ^ "Окупанти вранці знову вдарили по Запоріжжю: в ОВА розповіли про наслідки". РБК-Украина (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 2 November 2022.
  265. ^ "Окупанти вранці знову вдарили по Запоріжжю: в ОВА розповіли про наслідки". РБК-Украина (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 2 November 2022.
  266. ^ "Вторгнення Росії в Україну: ситуація на Запоріжжі. День 211-й". suspilne.media (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 2 November 2022.
  267. ^ "7 ракетних ударів по Запоріжжю: рятувальнии показали жахливі фото розгромлених житлових будинків". tsn.ua. 6 October 2022.
  268. ^ "Число загиблих від ракетних ударів по Запоріжжю 6 жовтня зросло до 17 – ДСНС". radiosvoboda.org. 8 October 2022.
  269. ^ "Війська РФ вранці атакували Запоріжжя дронами-камікадзе. Кількість жертв учорашніх обстрілів зросла до 11". radiosvoboda.org. 7 October 2022.
  270. ^ "Ракетний удар по багатоповерхівках у Запоріжжі: кількість жертв зросла до 11". rbc.ua. 7 October 2022.
  271. ^ "Обстріл колони під Запоріжжям: ще один поранений помер у лікарні – Старух". Радіо «Свобода». 2022-10-08. Archived from the original on 2022-10-09.
  272. ^ "Russian Strike Kills At Least 30 People, Wounds 88 In Zaporizhzhya". 2022-09-30. Retrieved 2022-10-11.
  273. ^ "'Deliberate war crime': horror as Russian missile hits civilian convoy". the Guardian. 2022-09-30. Retrieved 2022-10-01.
  274. ^ "Dozens feared dead after Russian strike on civilian convoy near Zaporizhzhia". the Guardian. 2022-09-30. Retrieved 2022-10-01.
  275. ^ Malsin, Jared (2022-09-30). "Ukrainian Forces Move to Surround Russian Troops in Key City as Putin Lays Claim to Regions". Wall Street Journal. ISSN 0099-9660. Retrieved 2022-09-30.
  276. ^ a b "13 people dead and 89 injured in updated toll of Zaporizhzhia missile strikes". CNN. 2022-10-09. Retrieved 2022-10-09.
  277. ^ "Putin calls Kerch Bridge attack "a terrorist act" by Kyiv". ABC News. Retrieved 2022-10-09.
  278. ^ Hunder, Max; Landay, Jonathan (2022-10-09). "Putin accuses Ukraine of Crimea bridge blast, calls it terrorism". Reuters. Retrieved 2022-10-09.
  279. ^ "Російські військові знову поцілили ракетами в цивільну інфраструктуру Запоріжжя. Зруйнований багатоповерховий будинок (оновлено)". suspilne.media. 10 October 2022.
  280. ^ "Russians attack Zaporizhzhia again, rocket strikes apartment block". Ukrainska Pravda. 2022-10-10.
  281. ^ "Russia-Ukraine war briefing". The New York Times. 2022-10-10.
  282. ^ "Russia's missile attacks on Ukraine". Anadolu Agency. 2022-10-11. Archived from the original on 2022-10-13.
  283. ^ "Число погибших при обстреле жилого дома в Запорожье возросло до 5" (in Russian). Anadolu Agency. 2022-10-11.
  284. ^ "Число погибших в результате российских обстрелов 10 октября возросло до 23 человек" (in Russian). Radio France Internationale. 2022-10-11. Archived from the original on 2022-10-21.

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to War crimes during the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine.
  • Guide to investigating war crimes at Global Investigative Journalism Network by investigative journalist Manisha Ganguly
  • Contact websites for those providing evidence
    • Contact pathway of the Office of the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court
    • Ukrainian government website for collecting evidence on war crimes committed by Russian forces
  • Map of likely war crimes in Ukraine by Bellingcat
  • Videos
    • Video of drone flyover of apartment buildings being bombed in Mariupol. News.com.au, The News Room, March 15 2022
    • Video of tanks firing repeatedly on apartment buildings in Mariupol, civilians in hospital, woman crying for dead children. AP News, 12 March 2022.
    • Video of aftermath, including injured pregnant woman being carried, after Russian airstrike on hospital in Mariupol, Ukraine. Sky News, March 9, 2022
    • CBS News video about pattern of rape by Russian soldiers against Ukrainian women during the invasion.
  • v
  • t
  • e
Overview
General
Prelude
Background
Foreign relations
Southern Ukraine
Eastern Ukraine
Kyiv
Northeastern Ukraine
Russian occupations
Ongoing
Previous
Strikes on military targets
Potentially related incidents
Other
General
Attacks on civilians
Attacks on prisoners of war
Legal cases
Reactions
States and
official entities
General
Ukraine
Russia
United States
Other countries
United Nations
International
organizations
Other
Public
Protests
Companies
Technology
Other
Impact
Effects
Human rights
Terms and phrases
Popular culture
Key people
Ukraine Ukrainians
Russia Russians
Other
  • Category
  • Commons
  • Meta-Wiki
  • v
  • t
  • e
Sources
  • iconLaw portal
Crimes against
international law
International courts
(in order of foundation)
History
War crimes committed by country
Related concepts