Collaboration with Russia during the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine

Collaboration with Russian forces by Ukrainians

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During the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine there has been military and political collaborationism between Ukrainian citizens and the Russian military. Cases involve two Ukrainian generals,[1][2] a Ukrainian negotiator,[3][4] and multiple Russian-installed mayors throughout Ukraine.[5][6]

Legal regulation

After the beginning of the Russian invasion of Ukraine on February 24, 2022, the Verkhovna Rada adopted two laws on collaborationism, which were later signed by Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy:[7][8]

  • Bill No. 5143 introduced an addition to the Criminal Code of Ukraine to Article 111-1 “Treason”. According to the amendment, liability was introduced for attempts to organize elections or organize power in the territories occupied by Russia.
  • Draft Law No. 5144 provides for amendments to the Criminal and Criminal Procedure Codes of Ukraine. According to the changes, the concept of “collaborationism” is introduced, punishment is introduced for public denial of Russian armed aggression against Ukraine, support for the decisions of the aggressor country, propaganda and the transfer of material resources.

Authorities

Following the invasion, in a number of settlements occupied by it, the Russian military command began to organize military-civilian administrations.[9]

Despite the fact that President Vladimir Putin stated in a speech preceding the invasion of February 24, 2022, that Russia's plans do not include the occupation of Ukrainian territories, the Russian military command began to organize military-civilian administration in a number of occupied settlements.[10]

In Luhansk Oblast, the Russian military was supported by the mayor of Stanytsia Luhanska, Albert Zinchenko,[11] and the mayor of Rubizhne, Serhiy Khortiv.[12]

The invasion was supported by a People's Deputy from the already banned pro-Russian party Opposition Platform — For Life, Ilya Kiva, calling for "liberation of Ukraine from Western occupation." On March 6, 2022, the Prosecutor General of Ukraine Iryna Venediktova announced the suspicion of Kiva in treason and encroachment on the territorial integrity of Ukraine.[13] On March 15, 2022, Kiva was deprived of his deputy mandate, 335 deputies voted for his expulsion at a sitting of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine, and he was wanted for treason.[14]

Scale

As of March 26, 2022, the State Bureau of Investigation opened about 200 cases for collaborationism.[15] On April 3, 2022, the Prosecutor General of Ukraine Irina Venediktova announced that 99 people were in custody on suspicion of treason and 4 people on suspicion of collaborationism.[16]

References

  1. ^ Кізілова, Світлана (1 April 2022). "Зеленський покарав двох генералів СБУ – позбавив звання за "антигероїзм"" [Zelenskyy punished two SBU generals - deprived of the title for "anti-heroism"]. Ukrayinska Pravda. Retrieved 7 April 2022.
  2. ^ Treisman, Rachel (1 April 2022). "Zelenskyy calls 2 Ukrainian generals traitorous and strips them of their rank". NPR. Retrieved 7 April 2022.
  3. ^ Taylor, Hayley (7 March 2022). "Ukrainian official dead after accusations of 'treason' and working for Russia". 7News. Retrieved 7 April 2022.
  4. ^ "Reports claim Ukraine negotiator shot for treason; officials say he died in intel op". Times of Israel. 6 March 2022. Retrieved 7 April 2022.
  5. ^ Garcia, Catherine (14 March 2022). "Treason investigation opened into installed mayor of Russian-occupied Melitopol". The Week. Retrieved 7 April 2022.
  6. ^ Paul P. Murphy and Josh Pennington (14 March 2022). "Treason investigation launched into newly installed mayor of Russian-occupied Melitopol". CNN. Retrieved 7 April 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
  7. ^ Баранюк, Юрий (16 March 2022). "В Украине начал действовать закон о коллаборационизме. Кому грозит наказание за сотрудничество с Россией?" [In Ukraine, the law on collaborationism began to operate. Who faces punishment for cooperation with Russia?] (in Russian). Настоящее Время. Archived from the original on 18 March 2022. Retrieved 6 April 2022.
  8. ^ Ischenko, Victoria (11 March 2022). "Новые законы о коллаборационизме: Кого накажут за сотрудничество с Россией" [New laws on collaborationism: Who Will Be Punished For Cooperation With Russia]. Новости Донбасса (in Russian). Retrieved 6 April 2022.
  9. ^ Лотарева, Анастасия; Захаров, Андрей (1 April 2022). "Экс-"регионал", бухгалтерша и горный инженер: кто стал новой властью на оккупированных украинских территориях" [Ex-regional, accountant and mining engineer: who became the new government in the occupied Ukrainian territories]. BBC News Русская служба (in Russian). Retrieved 6 April 2022.
  10. ^ Екс-«регіоналка», бухгалтерка та гірничий інженер: хто став новою владою на окупованих українських територіях
  11. ^ "Договариваются с войсками РФ и прославляют «русский мир»: кто из местной власти сдал города оккупантам - 17 марта 2022 :: Новости Донбасса". 17 March 2022. Archived from the original on 17 March 2022. Retrieved 11 May 2022.
  12. ^ "Мер Рубіжного перейшов на бік військ РФ і назвав "фашистами" бійців ЗСУ (відео)". ФОКУС (in Ukrainian). 1 April 2022. Retrieved 11 May 2022.
  13. ^ Новости, Р. И. А. (6 March 2022). "Украинский депутат Кива заявил, что заранее знал о подозрении в госизмене". РИА Новости (in Russian). Retrieved 11 May 2022.
  14. ^ "Кива больше не народный депутат". Украинская правда (in Russian). Retrieved 11 May 2022.
  15. ^ "За месяц войны ГБР открыло уже около 200 дел за государственную измену и коллаборационизм | Громадское телевидение | Громадское телевидение". 3 April 2022. Archived from the original on 3 April 2022. Retrieved 6 April 2022.
  16. ^ "Венедиктова назвала количество задержанных коллаборантов". РБК-Украина (in Russian). Retrieved 6 April 2022.
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