Disinformation Governance Board
|Formed||April 27, 2022; 7 months ago (2022-04-27)|
|Dissolved||August 24, 2022; 3 months ago (2022-08-24)|
|Headquarters||DHS Nebraska Avenue Complex, Washington, D.C.|
|Parent department||Department of Homeland Security|
The Disinformation Governance Board (DGB) was an advisory board of the United States Department of Homeland Security (DHS), announced on April 27, 2022. The board's stated function is to protect national security by disseminating guidance to DHS agencies on combating misinformation, malinformation, and disinformation that threatens the security of the homeland. Specific problem areas mentioned by the DHS include false information propagated by human smugglers encouraging migrants to surge to the Mexico–United States border, as well as Russian-state disinformation on election interference and the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine.
On May 18, the board and its working groups were "paused" pending review, and board head Nina Jankowicz resigned, as a result of public backlash. On August 24, 2022, Department of Homeland Security Secretary Alejandro Mayorkas disbanded the board.
The Disinformation Governance Board was announced and revealed to the public by the DHS on April 27, 2022, during a 2023 budget hearing before the United States House Appropriations Subcommittee on Homeland Security. The board had begun operating two months prior to the announcement. The DHS had decided to form the board in 2021 after conducting research that recommended creating a group to "review questions of privacy and civil liberty for online content". White House Press Secretary Jen Psaki said that the board is the "continuation of work that began in the DHS in 2020 under former President Trump". The Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency has previously addressed the spread of what they referred to as "mis-, dis-, and malinformation", as well as addressing Russian disinformation as part of their election security efforts in 2020. CISA director Chris Krebs was fired by President Trump in November 2020 for refuting Trump's false claims of election fraud.
After the board was announced, Nina Jankowicz was named executive director. She was previously a fellow at the Wilson Center, advised the Ukrainian Foreign Ministry as part of the Fulbright Public Policy Fellowship, oversaw Russia and Belarus programs at the National Democratic Institute, and wrote the book How to Lose the Information War: Russia, Fake News, and the Future of Conflict. Robert P. Silvers and Jennifer Daskal were also named to hold leadership positions on the board. On May 18, Jankowicz resigned from her role as executive director.
Alejandro Mayorkas, the Secretary of Homeland Security, stated that the board would have no operational authority or capability but would collect best practices for dissemination to DHS organizations already tasked with defending against disinformation threats, and asserted the board would not monitor American citizens. John Cohen, the former acting head of the intelligence branch of the DHS, said that the board would study policy questions, best practices, and academic research on disinformation, and then submit guidance to the DHS secretary on how different DHS agencies should conduct analysis of online content.
On May 2, 2022, the DHS released a statement which said that the board would monitor disinformation spread by "foreign states such as Russia, China, and Iran" and "transnational criminal organizations and human smuggling organizations", and disinformation spread during natural disasters (listing as an example misinformation spread about the safety of drinking water during Hurricane Sandy). The DHS added that "The Department is deeply committed to doing all of its work in a way that protects Americans' freedom of speech, civil rights, civil liberties, and privacy."
The Associated Press noted that the "little credible information about the new Disinformation Governance Board" made it "an instant target for criticism", leading to a "bungled rollout" and "rocky start" for the board. The Washington Post described the board as falling victim to "a textbook disinformation campaign" about their mission, to which it failed to respond adequately. The American Conservative called the board "a cautionary note on how dangerously out of touch Washington is."
Republican lawmakers and pundits quickly criticized the board after it was announced, with some calling for it to be disbanded. Senator Josh Hawley (R-MO) opined that "Homeland Security has decided to make policing Americans' speech its top priority". Senator Mitt Romney (R-UT) called the board a "terrible idea" that "communicates to the world that we're going to be spreading propaganda in our own country", arguing that it should be disbanded. Some critics, including Florida governor Ron DeSantis and former Democratic representative for Hawaii Tulsi Gabbard, likened the board to the Ministry of Truth, a fictional governmental department in George Orwell's dystopian novel Nineteen Eighty-Four. "Ministry of Truth" trended on Twitter for several hours after the announcement. Republican Federal Communications Commission commissioner Brendan Carr called the board "Orwellian", "un-American" and "unconstitutional." Representatives Mike Turner (R-OH) and John Katko (R-NY) wrote that "Given the complete lack of information about this new initiative and the potential serious consequences of a government entity identifying and responding to 'disinformation,' we have serious concerns about the activities of this new Board".
Republicans and conservatives also criticized the appointment of Jankowicz as head of the board, citing her past support of Democrats, her negative response to Elon Musk's purchase of Twitter, and her skepticism of the provenance of Hunter Biden's laptop; Jankowicz had previously said that "we should view [the laptop] as a Trump campaign product". The Washington Examiner levied criticism against Jankowicz due to her praise of Christopher Steele (author of the controversial Steele dossier, which the Examiner deemed "discredited") for his views on disinformation during an August 2020 podcast. Writing for National Review, Jim Geraghty lauded the board's potential to dispel information disseminated by human smugglers on the southern border, as well as monitoring messages from terrorist and extremist groups, but objected to Jankowicz's appointment. In a press conference, Jen Psaki defended Jankowicz's appointment to the board, calling her "an expert on online disinformation... a person with extensive qualifications". In response, Jankowicz said that at least one of her tweets was "taken out of context".
DHS secretary Alejandro Mayorkas later acknowledged his department could have done a better job of communicating the purpose of the new board, but asserted the Republican criticisms were "precisely the opposite" of what it would do. He stated that the board would have no operational authority or capability and would not monitor American citizens. On May 3, 2022, Mayorkas appeared before the Senate Appropriations Subcommittee on Homeland Security, and responded to criticism the board received from Republican lawmakers. He vowed to work on building greater public trust in the board, and said that "The Department of Homeland Security is not going to be the truth police. That is the farthest thing from the truth. We protect the security of the homeland."
Other criticism came from progressive and civil libertarian voices; Benjamin Hart, writing in New York Magazine's Intelligencer, said that "presenting anyone from the government as an arbiter of truth in 2022 — much less defining 'disinformation' in a way that more than 40 percent of the population would agree with — seemed doomed from the get-go." Lev Golinkin, writing in the progressive magazine The Nation, highlighted Jankowicz's previous association with the fact-checking organization StopFake, which Golinkin accused of defending the Ukrainian Azov Battalion and S14 groups, the latter of which is known for its violent attacks against Romani people. Progressive news organizations Common Dreams and Fairness & Accuracy in Reporting (FAIR) criticized mainstream media coverage of the board, saying that it ignored left-wing criticism of the board and past human rights abuses and violence by the DHS and other agencies under the DHS, including violence against immigrants, Muslims, Black Lives Matter protestors, and other activists. Joe Lancaster, editor of the libertarian magazine Reason, called the board a potential threat to free speech, and also highlighted Jankowicz's comments regarding the Biden laptop story. Techdirt argued that "The biggest problem with [the board] is that it is impossible, right now, to even know whether it's a good idea or not, because it is so unclear what this board is intended to do." and that "its name does not inspire confidence." Ayaan Hirsi Ali of UnHerd compared the board to Woodrow Wilson's Sedition Act of 1918, which convicted 877 people who dissented against the U.S. government. Kevin Goldberg, a specialist in the First Amendment at the non-partisan Freedom Forum, said that it was "wrong and concerning" that a government agency with enforcement powers created in response to 9/11 would become involved in decisions surrounding speech.
- Global Engagement Center, a State Department program to counter foreign propaganda that threatens U.S. national security interests
- ^ a b c Seitz, Amanda (April 28, 2022). "Disinformation board to tackle Russia, migrant smugglers". Associated Press. Retrieved April 28, 2022.
- ^ a b c d Myers, Steven Lee; Kanno-Youngs, Zolan (May 2, 2022). "Partisan Fight Breaks Out Over New Disinformation Board". The New York Times. Retrieved May 3, 2022.
- ^ a b c d Lorenz, Taylor (May 18, 2022). "How the Biden administration let right-wing attacks derail its disinformation efforts". The Washington Post. Retrieved May 18, 2022.
- ^ a b c Hart, Benjamin (May 18, 2022). "Poorly Conceived Biden Disinformation Board Put on Pause". Intelligencer . New York Magazine.
- ^ "New 'disinformation' board paused amid free speech questions". Fox19 Now. May 19, 2022. Retrieved May 19, 2022.
- ^ a b Soave, Robby (May 18, 2022). "Nina Jankowicz's Faulty Record, Not Her Critics, Doomed the Disinformation Board". Reason.com.
- ^ Sands, Geneva (August 25, 2022). "DHS shuts down disinformation board months after its efforts were paused". CNN.
- ^ Willis, Haisten (April 29, 2022). "DHS disinformation board is continuation of Trump effort, White House says". Washington Examiner. Retrieved May 2, 2022.
- ^ a b c d Blake, Aaron (April 29, 2022). "The tempest over DHS's Disinformation Governance Board". The Washington Post. Retrieved May 2, 2022.
- ^ Waldman, Arielle. "CISA: No election hacking, but plenty of misinformation". SearchSecurity. Retrieved May 11, 2022.
- ^ Johnson, Derek B. (May 5, 2022). "DHS board reignites debate on proper role of feds when fighting disinformation". www.scmagazine.com. Retrieved May 19, 2022.
- ^ a b Johnson, Bridget (April 27, 2022). "DHS Standing Up Disinformation Governance Board Led by Information Warfare Expert". Homeland Security Today. Retrieved April 28, 2022.
- ^ "Nina Jankowicz". wilsoncenter.org. Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars. Retrieved April 29, 2022.
- ^ Daniels, Eugene; Bade, Rachael; Lizza, Ryan (April 27, 2022). "POLITICO Playbook: Fauci pulls out of WHCD. Is Biden next?". Politico. Retrieved April 29, 2022.
- ^ a b Hooper, Kelly (May 1, 2022). "Mayorkas cites misinformation about Homeland Security's disinformation board". Politico. Retrieved May 3, 2022.
- ^ a b Mayorkas: Disinformation board won't monitor American citizens. CNN. May 1, 2022. Retrieved May 2, 2022.
- ^ "Fact Sheet: DHS Internal Working Group Protects Free Speech and Other Fundamental Rights When Addressing Disinformation That Threatens the Security of the United States". dhs.gov. United States Department of Homeland Security. May 2, 2022. Retrieved May 3, 2022.
- ^ a b c d e Seitz, Amanda; Merchant, Nomaan (May 4, 2022). "DHS disinformation board's work, plans remain a mystery". Associated Press. Retrieved May 13, 2022.
- ^ Hirschauer, John (July 9, 2022). "They Don't Trust Us; We Don't Trust Them". The American Conservative. Retrieved July 10, 2022.
- ^ a b Sganga, Nicole (May 6, 2022). "What is DHS' Disinformation Governance Board and why is everyone so mad about it?". CBS News. Retrieved May 11, 2022.
- ^ Getahun, Hannah (April 30, 2022). "DeSantis calls DHS Disinformation Governance Board a 'belated April Fool's joke'". Business Insider. Retrieved April 30, 2022.
- ^ Kaplan, Talia (May 9, 2022). "FCC commissioner says Biden's 'disinformation board' is 'unconstitutional'". FOXBusiness. Retrieved May 11, 2022.
- ^ Dunleavy, Jerry (April 28, 2022). "Biden 'disinformation' chief a Trump dossier author fan and Hunter Biden laptop doubter". Washington Examiner. Retrieved April 30, 2022.
- ^ Geraghty, Jim (April 28, 2022). "Are You Ready for the DHS 'Disinformation Governance Board'?". National Review. Retrieved April 30, 2022.
- ^ Sunnucks, Mike (April 29, 2022). "Ministry of Truth or needed social media watchdog? Biden's Disinformation Governance Board". Herald and News. Retrieved May 1, 2022.
- ^ "Press Briefing by Press Secretary Jen Psaki, April 29, 2022". whitehouse.gov. White House. April 29, 2022. Retrieved May 1, 2022.
- ^ "Meet Nina Jankowicz, Biden's New Disinformation Czar". National Review. April 29, 2022. Retrieved October 31, 2022.
- ^ Barr, Luke; Owen, Quinn (May 6, 2022). "DHS plays defense over Disinformation Governance Board". ABC News. Retrieved May 6, 2022.
- ^ a b Garver, Rob (May 5, 2022). "US Homeland Security's 'Disinformation Governance Board' Assailed by Lawmakers". Voice of America. Retrieved May 6, 2022.
- ^ Troianovski, Anton (July 26, 2020). "Fighting False News in Ukraine, Facebook Fact Checkers Tread a Blurry Line". The New York Times.
- ^ Tveten, Julianne (May 15, 2022). "Corporate Media Ignore Left Critiques of Government's New 'Disinformation' Board". Common Dreams. Retrieved May 18, 2022.
- ^ Tveten, Julianne (May 13, 2022). "Media Ignore Criticism of DHS's New 'Disinformation' Board—Unless it's from the Right". FAIR. Retrieved July 2, 2022.
- ^ Lancaster, Joe (April 29, 2022). "New DHS Board Seeks To Counter What It Thinks Is Disinformation". Reason.
- ^ Gellis, Cathy; Masnick, Mike (April 29, 2022). "White House Sets Up Monumentally Stupidly Named 'Disinformation Governance Board'". Techdirt. Retrieved June 24, 2022.
- ^ Ali, Ayaan Hirsi (May 9, 2022). "The desperation of Biden's Disinformation Board". UnHerd. Retrieved October 31, 2022.
- "Combatting Targeted Disinformation Campaigns", a 2019 report by the DHS
- United States Coast Guard (Commandant)
- Immigration and Customs Enforcement (Director)
- U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services
- Customs and Border Protection
- Federal Emergency Management Agency
- Federal Law Enforcement Training Center
- United States Secret Service
- Office of Operations Coordination
- Transportation Security Administration
- Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency (Director)
- Countering Weapons of Mass Destruction Office
- Office of Strategy, Policy, and Plans
- Office of Immigration Statistics
- Homeland Security Advisory Council
- Homeland Security Advanced Research Projects Agency
- Explosives Division
- Chemical and Biological Defense Division
- Border and Maritime Security Division
- Human Factors and Behavioral Sciences Division
- Infrastructure Protection and Disaster Management Division
- Cyber Security Division (National Cybersecurity and Communications Integration Center)