The International Basketball Federation (FIBA /ˈfiːbə/ FEE-bə; French: Fédération internationale de basket-ball) is an association of national organizations which governs the sport of basketball worldwide. Originally known as the Fédération internationale de basket-ball amateur (hence FIBA), in 1989 it dropped the word amateur from its name but retained the acronym.
FIBA defines the rules of basketball, specifies the equipment and facilities required, organises international competitions, regulates the transfer of athletes across countries, and controls the appointment of international referees. A total of 213 national federations are now members, organized since 1989 into five zones: Africa, Americas, Asia, Europe, and Oceania.
FIBA organizes both the men's and women's FIBA World Olympic Qualifying Tournament and the Summer Olympics Basketball Tournament, which are sanctioned by the IOC. The FIBA Basketball World Cup is a world tournament for men's national teams held every four years. Teams compete for the Naismith Trophy, named in honor of basketball's American-Canadian creator James Naismith. The tournament structure is similar but not identical to that of the FIFA World Cup in association football; these tournaments occurred in the same year from 1970 through 2014, but starting in 2019, the Basketball World Cup will move to the year following the FIFA World Cup. A parallel event for women's teams, the FIBA Women's Basketball World Cup, is also held quadrennially; from 1986 through 2014, it was held in the same year as the men's event but in a different country.
1932–49; founding and early years
The association was founded in Geneva in 1932, two years after the sport was officially recognized by the IOC. Before 1934 basketball was under the umbrella of the International Amateur Handball Federation. Its original name was Fédération Internationale de basket-ball amateur. The eight nation's basketball federations that were the founding members of FIBA were: Argentina's Basketball Federation, Czechoslovakia's Basketball Federation, Greece's Basketball Federation, Italy's Basketball Federation, Latvia's Basketball Federation, Portugal's Basketball Federation, Romania's Basketball Federation, and Switzerland's Basketball Federation. During the 1936 Summer Olympics held in Berlin, the Federation named James Naismith (1861–1939), the founder of basketball, as its Honorary President.
FIBA has organized a World Championship, now known as World Cup, for men since 1950 and a Women's World Championship, now known as the Women's World Cup, since 1953. From 1986 through 2014, both events were held every four years, alternating with the Olympics. As noted above, the men's World Cup was moved to a new four-year cycle, with tournaments in the year before the Summer Olympics, after 2014.
The Federation headquarters moved to Munich in 1956, then returned to Geneva in 2002. In 1991, it founded the FIBA Hall of Fame; the first induction ceremony was held on 12 September 2007, during EuroBasket 2007. During its 81st anniversary in 2013, FIBA moved into its new headquarters, "The House of Basketball", at Mies. Andreas Zagklis became the Secretary-General of FIBA on 7 December 2018.
2020–present; suspensions of Russia and Belarus
In February 2022, Russia and Belarus were suspended from international competitions until further notice due to Russia's invasion of Ukraine. It also banned the two countries from hosting any competitions.
|1960–1968||Antonio dos Reis Carneiro|
|1968–1976||Abdel Moneim Wahby|
|1976–1984||Gonzalo Puyat II|
|1990–1998||George E. Killian|
|1998–2002||Abdoulaye Seye Moreau|
|1932–1976||Renato William Jones|
|1976–2003||/ Borislav Stanković|
|Tournament||FIBA World Cup||Year||Olympics||Year|
|Men||Spain (2)||2019||United States (16)||2020|
|Women||United States (11)||2022||United States (9)||2020|
|U-19 Men||United States (8)||2021||Argentina (1)||2018|
|U-19 Women||United States (9)||2021||United States (2)||2018|
|U-17 Men||United States (6)||2022||N/A[a]|
|U-17 Women||United States (5)||2022|
World club champions
|Club competition||Year||Champion||Title||Runner-up||Next edition|
|Intercontinental Cup||2022||Flamengo||1st||San Pablo Burgos||2023|
|National teams||FIBA Africa||Year||Next edition||FIBA Americas||Year||Next edition||FIBA Asia||Year||Next edition||FIBA Europe||Year||Next edition||FIBA Oceania||Year||Next edition|
|Men||Tunisia (3)||2021||2025||Argentina (3)||2022||2025||Australia (2)||2022||2025||Spain (4)||2022||2025||Australia (19)||2015||N/A[a]|
|Women||Nigeria (5)||2021||2023||United States (4)||2021||2023||Japan (6)||2021||2023||Serbia (2)||2021||2023||Australia (15)||2015|
|U-18 Men||Egypt (6)||2022||2024||United States (10)||2022||2024||South Korea (4)||2022||2024||Spain (5)||2022||2023||New Zealand (1)||2016|
|U-18 Women||Mali (8)||2022||2024||United States (11)||2022||2024||Australia (1)||2022||2024||Lithuania (2)||2022||2023||Australia (7)||2016|
|U-16 Men||Egypt (5)||2021||2023||United States (7)||2021||2023||Australia (2)||2022||2024||Lithuania (2)||2022||2023||Australia (6)||2022||2024|
|U-16 Women||Mali (7)||2021||2023||United States (6)||2021||2023||Australia (2)||2022||2024||France (4)||2022||2023||Australia (6)||2022||2024|
- ^ FIBA Oceania no longer conducts senior-level championships for either sex. Since 2017, that region's members have competed for FIBA Asia senior championships. FIBA Oceania continues to hold age-grade championships.
Continental club champions
|Men's club competitions|
|Africa||Basketball Africa League||2022||US Monastir||1st||Petro de Luanda||2023|
|Americas||Basketball Champions League Americas||2021–22||São Paulo||1st||Biguá||2022–23|
|Asia||Asia Champions Cup||2019||Alvark Tokyo||1st||Al Riyadi Beirut||2021|
|Europe[a]||Basketball Champions League||2021–22||Lenovo Tenerife||2nd||Baxi Manresa||2022–23|
|Europe Cup||2021–22||Bahçeşehir Koleji||1st||UnaHotels Reggio Emilia||2022–23|
|Women's club competitions|
|Africa||Africa Women's Clubs Champions Cup||2018||Ferroviário de Maputo||1st||Interclube||2021|
|Europe||EuroLeague Women (1st-tier)||2020–21||UMMC Ekaterinburg||6th||Perfumerías Avenida||2021–22|
|EuroCup Women (2nd-tier)||2020–21||Valencia Basket||1st||Reyer Venezia||2021–22|
|SuperCup Women||2021||Valencia Basket||1st||UMMC Ekaterinburg||2022|
3x3 world champions
|Tournament||FIBA 3x3 World Cup||Year||Olympics||Year|
|Men||Serbia (5)||2022||Latvia (1)||2020|
|Women||France (1)||2022||United States (1)||2020|
|U-23 Men||Poland (1)||2022||N/A|
|U-23 Women||France (1)||2022|
|U-18 Men||France (1)||2022|
|U-18 Women||United States (6)||2022|
Most Valuable Player
|Tournament||Most Recent Awardee||Team||Year|
|Women||Breanna Stewart||United States||2018|
|U-19 Men||Chet Holmgren||United States||2021|
|U-19 Women||Caitlin Clark||United States||2021|
|U-17 Men||Izan Almansa||Spain||2022|
|U-17 Women||JuJu Watkins||United States||2022|
FIBA World Rankings
The following table has the Top 32 men's basketball countries in the world. The Top 32 is here due to the next iteration of the FIBA Basketball World Cup, the world's major tournament in men's basketball, anticipating to have 32 countries compete. As such, this table shows the projected teams in the next FIBA Men's WC based on the ranking's algorithm. This list does not consider berths given to countries based on hosting or region status.
|*Change from 9 August 2021|
The following table has the Top 16 women's basketball countries in the world. The Top 16 is here due to the next iteration of the FIBA Women's Basketball World Cup, the world's major tournament in women's basketball, anticipating to have 16 countries compete. As such, this table shows the projected teams in the next FIBA Women's WC based on the ranking's algorithm. This list does not consider berths given to countries based on hosting or region status.
|14||10||Bosnia and Herzegovina||390.1|
|*Change from 9 August 2021|
- ^ 2014 General Statutes of FIBA, Article 47.1
- ^ "FIBA Central Board appoints Andreas Zagklis as Secretary General". FIBA.basketball.
- ^ a b Perelman, Rich (24 May 2020). "Who's in the money? EXCLUSIVE analysis of our survey of International Federation finances". The Sports Examiner. Retrieved 5 June 2022.
- ^ a b "History". FIBA. Archived from the original on 4 May 2020. Retrieved 14 June 2020.
- ^ "Presentation". FIBA.basketball.
- ^ "FIBA suspends Russian teams, officials from international basketball competitions until further notice".
- ^ a b "FIBA bans Russia, Belarus from Upcoming National Basketball Team Competitions - KyivPost - Ukraine's Global Voice". KyivPost. 18 May 2022.
- ^ "President of FIBA". fiba.basketball. Retrieved 11 May 2019.
- ^ "FIBA Rankings – Men's basketball". International Basketball Federation. Retrieved 23 May 2021.
- ^ "How to Qualify for the 2023 FIBA World Cup". International Basketball Federation. Retrieved 23 May 2021.
- ^ "FIBA Ranking Presented by Nike". FIBA. 18 November 2022. Retrieved 18 November 2022.
- ^ "FIBA Rankings – Women's basketball". International Basketball Federation. Retrieved 23 May 2021.
- ^ "How to Qualify for the 2022 FIBA Women's World Cup". International Basketball Federation. Retrieved 23 May 2021.
- ^ "FIBA Women's Ranking Presented by Nike". FIBA. 1 October 2022. Retrieved 1 October 2022.
- Official website
- InterBasket – International Basketball News, Blog and Forum, covering FIBA, Euroleague, NBA
- FIBA at the Wayback Machine (archived 4 November 1996)
- International Basketball News
- Basketball at the Summer Olympics
- World Olympic Qualifying Tournament
- Men's national teams
- Women's national teams
- FIBA Women's World League (former)
- James Naismith (1936, honorary)
- Léon Bouffard (1932–1948)
- Willard N. Greim (1948–1960)
- Antonio dos Reis Carneiro (1960–1968)
- Abdel Moneim Wahby (1968–1976)
- Gonzalo Puyat II (1976–1984)
- Robert Busnel (1984–1990)
- George E. Killian (1990–1998)
- Abdoulaye Seye Moreau (1998–2002)
- Carl Men-Ky Ching (2002–2006)
- Robert Elphinston (2006–2010)
- Yvan Mainini (2010–2014)
- Horacio Muratore (2014–2019)
- Hamane Niang (2019–present)
- Basketball portal