Gennady Zhidko

Russian military leader
Gennady Zhidko
Gennady Zhidko (official portrait).jpg
Native name
Геннадий Валериевич Жидко
Birth nameGennady Valeryevich Zhidko
Born (1965-09-12) 12 September 1965 (age 57)[1]
Yangiabad, Uzbek SSR, Soviet Union[2]
Allegiance Soviet Union
 Russia
Service/branch Russian Ground Forces
Years of service1988–present
RankColonel general
Commands heldEastern Military District
Deputy Minister of Defence
Battles/warsRussian military intervention in the Syrian civil war
Russian invasion of Ukraine
AwardsHero of the Russian Federation

Gennady Valeryevich Zhidko (Russian: Геннадий Валериевич Жидко; born 12 September 1965) is a colonel general of the Russian Armed Forces. He was awarded the title Hero of the Russian Federation in 2017 for his service as chief of staff of Russian forces deployed to Syria. Following this assignment, Zhidko commanded the Eastern Military District and headed the Main Military-Political Directorate of the Russian Armed Forces. In late May 2022, it was reported that Zhidko had been put in charge of Russian forces during the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine, replacing Army General Aleksandr Dvornikov.[3] In 8 October 2022, he was replaced by Army General Sergey Surovikin as the new commander of the Russian forces in Ukraine.

Early life and education

Gennady Zhidko was born on 12 September 1965[4] in the village of Yangiabad in the Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic.

Graduating from the Tashkent Higher Tank Command School in 1987, Zhidko became a platoon commander in the 27th Guards Motor Rifle Division.[5][4][2][1]

Career

Volga-Ural Military District (1987-1997)

During Zhidko's service with the 27th Guards Motor Rifle Division, part of the Volga and Volga-Ural Military Districts at Totskoye, Orenburg Oblast, Zhidko rose to divizion (artillery battalion) commander, was promoted to captain early, and then to colonel.[2][4] He received awards for organizing fire training from the commander of the Ural Military District, Colonel-General Alexander Baranov.[6]

In 1997, Zhidko graduated from the Malinovsky Military Armored Forces Academy.[5][2][4][1]

Tajikistan (2001)

Zhidko served as commander of the 92nd Motor Rifle Regiment of the 201st Motor Rifle Division in Dushanbe, Tajikistan in 2001.[7][1]

College of the General Staff (2007)

In 2007, Zhidko graduated from the Military Academy of the General Staff.[5][2][4][1]

North Caucasian Military District (2007-2009)

From August 2007 to July 2009, Zhidko was commander of the 20th Guards Motor Rifle Division of the North Caucasian Military District, based in Volgograd.[2][4] During his tenure in this post, he continued the work of Major General Aleskandr Lapin to establish trusting relationships with military groups, improve combat and technical training.[4] He also oversaw the beginning of the transition of the division from conscripts to contract servicemen.[8][9]

Western Military District (2009-2011)

From July 2009 to January 2011, he was the Deputy Commander of the 20th Guards Combined Arms Army of the Moscow, then Western Military Districts with headquarters in Voronezh.[2] From January 2011 to January 2012 - Chief of Staff - First Deputy Commander of the 6th Combined Arms Army of the Western Military District, based in Saint Petersburg.[10][2] He participated in the formation of this unit, for his organizational skills he was noted by the commander of the 6th Army, Major General Yevgeny Ustinov,[11] with the Commander of the Western Military District, Colonel-General Arkady Bakhin.[12]

Central Military District (2015-2017)

From January 2015 to September 2016, he was Chief of Staff - First Deputy Commander of the 2nd Guards Combined Arms Army, and from September 2016 to November 2017 - Commander of the 2nd Guards Combined Arms Army of the Central Military District with headquarters in Samara.[2] During the Zapad-2017 military exercises, the army units were quickly deployed from Samara to the Kola Peninsula.[13]

On 20 February 2016, he was promoted to the rank of major general.[14]

A significant increase in the professionalism of military personnel was facilitated by the increased intensity of combat training, as well as the experience of participating in hostilities in Syria. […] The officers and soldiers under my command are proud of their service in the Russian army. With such personnel you can go into battle.

Major General Gennady Zhidko.[15]

In December 2017, Major General Rustam Muradov took over as commander of the 2nd Combined Arms Army.[16][17][18] A participant in the Russian military intervention in Syria, in 2016, Zhidko served as chief of staff of the group of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation in Syria.[19][20]

Moscow command structure (2017-2018)

From 22 November 2017 to 3 November 2018, he was the Deputy Chief of the General Staff of the Russian Armed Forces.[21][22][23]

On 11 June 2018, he was promoted to the rank of lieutenant general.[24]

Eastern Military District (2018-2021)

In November 2018, Zhidko was appointed commander of the Eastern Military District,[25] replacing Alexander Zhuravlyov, who had transferred to the post of commander of the Western Military District, on 13 November,[26][27] he was presented to the leadership at the district headquarters in Khabarovsk.[28][29]

On 11 June 2020, Zhidko was promoted to colonel general.[30]

Moscow command structure (2021-2022)

On 12 November 2021, Zhidko was appointed head of the Main Military-Political Directorate of the Russian Armed Forces (GVPU), a position included among the deputy ministers of defence. Zhidko replaced Andrey Kartapolov, who had retired from the army.[31][32] On 28 July 2022, Colonel General Viktor Goremykin replaced him as head of the GVPU.[33]

Russo Ukrainian war (2022-present)

On 26 May 2022, the Conflict Intelligence Team, citing Russian soldiers, reported that Zhidko had been put in charge of Russian forces during the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine, replacing Army General Aleksandr Dvornikov.[3][34] On June 22, 2022, The Guardian reported that during a visit to Ukraine by Russian defence minister Sergei Shoigu, “footage appeared to confirm that the colonel general Gennady Zhidko is now commanding troops in Ukraine.” [35] Having assumed the position in May, Zhidko was demoted a month later to head of the Eastern Military District, and Sergey Surovikin was publicly announced to have taken the position on October 8.[36]

Sanctions

Zhidko was included under US sanctions in July 2022.[37]

References

  1. ^ a b c d e "Военнослужащие, получившие награды за операцию в Сирии. Досье". ТАСС. 28 December 2017. Retrieved 1 January 2018.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Жидко Геннадий Валериевич". Герои страны. Retrieved 1 January 2018.
  3. ^ a b Conflict Intelligence Team [@CITeam_en] (May 26, 2022). "Also reportedly, Russia's command in the battle for Donbas has undergone another shakeup — the overall commander is now said to be Colonel General Gennady Zhidko. Like Dvornikov, he once commanded operations in Syria and also headed the Eastern Military District" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g Александр Хроленко (29 April 2008). "Главная высота". Газета «Красная звезда». Retrieved 1 January 2018.
  5. ^ a b c "Жидко Геннадий Валериевич". Министерство обороны России. Retrieved 2019-04-13.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  6. ^ Юрий Белоусов (22 November 2003). "С прицелом на будущее". Газета «Красная звезда». Retrieved 1 January 2018.
  7. ^ Алескендер Рамазанов (2001-12-27). ""В декабре есть еще одна дата…"". Газета «Красная звезда». Retrieved 2018-01-01.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  8. ^ Александр Хроленко (2007-11-27). "Реалии контрактизации". Газета «Красная звезда». Retrieved 2018-01-01.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  9. ^ Юрий Бородин (20 December 2007). "До чего дошел прогресс…". Газета «Красная звезда». Retrieved 1 January 2018.
  10. ^ Геннадий Миранович, Олег Починюк (2012-05-06). "Северо-западный рубеж". Газета «Красная звезда». Retrieved 2018-01-01.
  11. ^ Олег Починюк (2011-09-16). "Алгоритм успеха". Красная звезда (газета)|Газета «Красная звезда». Retrieved 2018-01-01.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  12. ^ Геннадий Миранович, Олег Починюк (2012-05-06). "Северо-западный рубеж". Газета «Красная звезда». Retrieved 2018-01-01.
  13. ^ Александра Джорджевич, Иван Сафронов (2017-12-11). "Они сражались за Сирию. 11 российских генералов, отличившихся в арабской республике". Коммерсантъ. Retrieved 2018-06-14.
  14. ^ "Указ Президента Российской Федерации "О присвоении воинских званий высших офицеров, специальных званий высшего начальствующего состава и высших специальных званий"". Газета «Красная звезда». 2016-02-20. Retrieved 2018-01-01.
  15. ^ "Церемония представления офицеров, назначенных на высшие командные должности". Президент России. 2017-10-26. Retrieved 2018-01-01.
  16. ^ "Командующим общевойсковой армией ЦВО в Поволжье назначен кавалер двух Орденов Мужества генерал-майор Рустам Мурадов". Министерство обороны России. 2017-12-07. Retrieved 2018-01-04.
  17. ^ Андрей Борсуков (2017-12-07). "Командарм назначен. Дмитрий Азаров провел встречу с новым командующим 2-й гвардейской армии Рустамом Мурадовым". Волжская коммуна. Retrieved 2018-01-04.
  18. ^ "Личному составу 2-й гвардейской общевойсковой армии представили нового командующего". Телерадиокомпания «Губерния». 2017-12-07. Retrieved 2018-01-04.
  19. ^ "Жидко: в Сирии проявились положительные изменения в российских ВС". ТАСС. 2016-09-17. Retrieved 2018-01-01.
  20. ^ "Назначены два новых замначальника Генштаба ВС России". РИА Новости. 2017-11-29. Retrieved 2018-01-01.
  21. ^ Александр Пинчук, Виктор Худолеев (29 November 2017). "Штандарты в надёжных руках". Газета «Красная звезда». Retrieved 1 January 2018.
  22. ^ "Главкомом ВКС назначен Сергей Суровикин". ТАСС. 2017-11-29. Retrieved 2018-01-01.
  23. ^ "Командующий группировкой российских войск в Сирии возглавил ВКС". РИА Новости. 2017-11-29. Retrieved 2018-06-01.
  24. ^ "Указ Президента Российской Федерации от 11.06.2018 № 298 "О присвоении воинских званий высших офицеров, специальных званий высшего начальствующего состава и классных чинов"". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации. 2018-06-11. Retrieved 2018-06-14.
  25. ^ Назначения в Вооружённых Силах (PDF) (Российское военное обозрение ed.). «Военинформ» Минобороны России. November 2018. pp. 77–78.
  26. ^ Иван Сафронов (2018-11-12). "Сирийский опыт передали Западу и Востоку. Определены новые командующие военными округами". Коммерсантъ. Retrieved 2018-11-13.
  27. ^ "Восточный военный округ возглавил воевавший в Сирии генерал". Коммерсантъ. 13 November 2018. Retrieved 13 November 2018.
  28. ^ "Командующим войсками Восточного военного округа назначен генерал-лейтенант Геннадий Жидко". Министерство обороны России. 2018-11-13. Retrieved 2018-11-13.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  29. ^ "В Хабаровске представили нового командующего ВВО". РИА Новости. 2018-11-13. Retrieved 2018-11-13.
  30. ^ "Указ Президента Российской Федерации от 11.06.2020 № 383 "О присвоении воинских званий высших офицеров, специальных званий высшего начальствующего состава и высшего специального звания"". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации. 2020-06-11. Retrieved 2020-06-12.
  31. ^ Baranets, Viktor (15 November 2021). "Герой войны в Сирии стал главным политруком армии". Komsomolskaya Pravda (in Russian). Retrieved 3 June 2022.
  32. ^ "В Восточном военном округе сменился командующий". Retrieved 16 November 2021.
  33. ^ "Russian President appoints Goremykin as Deputy Minister of Defense". www.apa.az. Retrieved 2022-07-31.
  34. ^ "General Dvornikov 'no longer in command' of Russian Army in Ukraine". The New Voice of Ukraine. 3 June 2022.
  35. ^ "Russia-Ukraine war: Kyiv hit by missile strikes; G7 leaders gather in Germany – live updates". The Guardian. 26 June 2022. Retrieved 8 October 2022.
  36. ^ Ilyushina, Mary; Abbakumova, Natalia (2022-10-07). "Kremlin, shifting blame for war failures, axes military commanders". Washington Post. Retrieved 2022-10-10.
  37. ^ "США ввели санкции против жены Лукашенко и восьмерых заместителей Шойгу". rbc.ru. Retrieved 31 July 2022.
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