|48th Governor of Texas 27|
|Assumed office |
January 20, 2015
|Preceded by||Rick Perry|
|Chair of the Republican Governors Association|
November 21, 2019 – December 9, 2020
|Preceded by||Pete Ricketts|
|Succeeded by||Doug Ducey|
|50th Attorney General of Texas|
December 2, 2002 – January 5, 2015
|Preceded by||John Cornyn|
|Succeeded by||Ken Paxton|
|Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of Texas|
January 2, 1996 – June 6, 2001
|Appointed by||George W. Bush|
|Preceded by||Jack Hightower|
|Succeeded by||Xavier Rodriguez|
Gregory Wayne Abbott
(1957-11-13) November 13, 1957
Wichita Falls, Texas, U.S.
|Education||University of Texas at Austin (BBA)|
Vanderbilt University (JD)
Gregory Wayne Abbott (born November 13, 1957) is an American politician, attorney, and former jurist who has served as the 48th governor of Texas since 2015. A member of the Republican Party, he served as the 50th attorney general of Texas from 2002 to 2015 and as a member of the Texas Supreme Court from 1996 to 2001. Abbott was elected governor in 2014 and re-elected in 2018.
Abbott was the third Republican to serve as attorney general of Texas since the Reconstruction era. He was initially elected to that office with 57 percent of the vote in 2002, re-elected with 60 percent in 2006, and 64 percent in 2010, becoming the longest-serving Texas attorney general in state history with 12 years of service. Before assuming the office of attorney general, Abbott was a justice of the Texas Supreme Court, a position to which he was initially appointed in 1995 by then-governor George W. Bush. Abbott won a full term in 1998 with 60 percent of the vote. As attorney general, he successfully advocated for the Texas State Capitol to display the Ten Commandments in the 2005 U.S. Supreme Court case Van Orden v. Perry, and unsuccessfully defended the state's ban on same-sex marriage. He was involved in numerous lawsuits against the Barack Obama administration, seeking to invalidate the Affordable Care Act and the administration's environmental regulations.
In July 2013, Abbott declared his candidacy in the 2014 Texas gubernatorial election. He won the Republican primary and subsequently won the general election by 20 points. He is the first governor of Texas and third governor of a U.S. state to use a wheelchair. As governor, Abbott supported the Donald Trump administration and has promoted a conservative agenda, including measures against abortion such as the Texas Heartbeat Act, more lenient gun laws and fewer restrictions, opposition to illegal immigration, support for law enforcement funding, and election reforms. In response to the power crisis following a February 2021 winter storm, Abbott called for reforms to Electric Reliability Council of Texas (ERCOT) and signed a bill requiring power plant weatherization. Abbott's approach to handling the COVID-19 pandemic has been controversial, as he has opposed implementing face mask and vaccine mandates, while blocking local governments, businesses, and other organizations from implementing their own.
Early life, education, and legal career
Abbott was born on November 13, 1957, in Wichita Falls, Texas, of English descent. His mother, Doris Lechristia Jacks Abbott, was a housewife and his father, Calvin Rodger Abbott, was a stockbroker and insurance agent. When he was six years old, they moved to Longview; the family lived in the East Texas city for six years. At the beginning of junior high school, Abbott's family moved to Duncanville. In his sophomore year in high school, his father died of a heart attack; his mother went to work in a real estate office. He graduated from Duncanville High School. He was on the track team in high school, was in the National Honor Society, and was voted "Most Likely to Succeed."
In 1981, Abbott earned a Bachelor of Business Administration in finance from the University of Texas at Austin, where he was a member of the Delta Tau Delta fraternity and the Young Republicans Club. He met his wife, Cecilia Phelan, while attending UT Austin. In 1984, he earned his Juris Doctor degree from the Vanderbilt University Law School in Nashville, Tennessee.
Abbott's judicial career began in Houston, where he served as a state trial judge in the 129th District Court for three years. Then-Governor George W. Bush appointed Abbott to the Texas Supreme Court; he was then twice elected to the state's highest civil court — in 1996 (two-year term) and in 1998 (six-year term). In 1996, Abbott had no Democratic opponent but was challenged by Libertarian John B. Hawley of Dallas. Abbott defeated Hawley by a margin of 84 percent to 16 percent. In 1998, Abbott defeated Democrat David Van Os by 60 percent to 40 percent.
In 2001, after resigning from the Supreme Court, Abbott went back to private practice and worked for Bracewell & Giuliani LLC. He was also an adjunct professor at University of Texas School of Law.
Attorney General of Texas
Abbott resigned from the Texas Supreme Court in 2001 to seek the position of Lieutenant Governor of Texas. His campaign for Lieutenant Governor had been running for several months when the previous attorney general, John Cornyn, vacated the post to run for the U.S. Senate. He then switched his campaign to the open attorney general's position in 2002. Abbott defeated the Democratic nominee, former Austin mayor and former state senator Kirk Watson, 57 percent to 41 percent. Abbott was sworn in on December 2, 2002, following fellow Republican Cornyn's election to the Senate.
Abbott expanded the attorney general's office's law enforcement division from about 30 people to more than 100. He also created a new division called the Fugitive Unit to track down convicted sex offenders in violation of their paroles or probations.
In a 2013 speech to fellow Republicans, when asked what his job entails, Abbott said: "I go into the office in the morning, I sue Barack Obama, and then I go home." Abbott filed 31 lawsuits against the Obama administration, including suits against the Environmental Protection Agency; the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, including challenges to the Affordable Care Act ("Obamacare"); and the U.S. Department of Education, among many others. According to The Wall Street Journal, from Abbott's tenure as attorney general through his first term as governor, Texas sued the Obama administration at least 44 times, more than any other state over the same period; court challenges included carbon-emission standards, health-care reform, transgender rights, and others. The Dallas Morning News compared Abbott to Scott Pruitt, noting that both Attorneys General had repeatedly sued the federal government over its environmental regulations. The Houston Chronicle noted that Abbott "led the charge against Obama-era climate regulations."
Abbott has said that the state must not release Tier II Chemical Inventory Reports for security reasons, but that Texans "can ask every facility whether they have chemicals or not." Koch Industries has denied that their contributions to Abbott's campaign had anything to do with his ruling against releasing the safety information.
In March 2014, Abbott filed a motion to intervene on behalf of Baylor Scott & White Medical Center – Plano in three federal lawsuits against the hospital, brought by patients who alleged that the hospital allowed Christopher Duntsch to perform neurosurgery despite knowing that he was a dangerous physician. Abbott cited the Texas Legislature's cap on malpractice cases, along with the statute's removal of the term "gross negligence" from the definition of legal malice, as reasons for defending Baylor.
As Texas AG in the late 2000s, Abbott established a unit in the AG's office to pursue voter-fraud prosecutions, using a $1.4 million federal grant; the unit prosecuted a few dozen cases, resulting "in small fines and little or no jail time." The office found no large-scale fraud that could change the outcome of any election.
Lawsuit against Sony BMG
In late 2005, Abbott sued Sony BMG. Texas was the first state in the nation to bring legal action against Sony BMG for illegal spyware. The suit is also the first filed under the state's spyware law of 2005. It alleges the company surreptitiously installed the spyware on millions of compact music discs (CDs) that consumers inserted into their computers when they played the CDs, which can compromise the systems. On December 21, 2005, Abbott added new allegations to his lawsuit against Sony-BMG. Abbott says the MediaMax copy protection technology violates the state's spyware and deceptive trade practices laws. He says Sony-BMG offered consumers a licensing agreement when they bought CDs and played them on their computers. In the lawsuit, brought under the Consumer Protection Against Computer Spyware Act of 2005 and other laws, Abbott alleged that even if consumers reject that agreement, spyware is secretly installed on their computers, posing security risks for music buyers and deceiving Texas purchasers. Sony settled the Texas lawsuit, as well as a similar lawsuit brought by the California Attorney General, for $1.5 million.
Separation of church and state
In March 2005, Abbott delivered oral argument before the United States Supreme Court on behalf of Texas, defending a Ten Commandments monument on grounds of the Texas State Capitol. Thousands of similar monuments were donated to cities and towns across the nation by the Fraternal Order of Eagles, who were inspired by the Cecil B. DeMille film The Ten Commandments (1956) in following years. In his deposition, Abbott said that "The Ten Commandments are a historically recognized system of law." The Supreme Court held in a 5–4 decision that the Texas display did not violate the First Amendment's Establishment Clause and was constitutional. After Abbott's oral arguments in Van Orden v. Perry, Justice John Paul Stevens commented upon Abbott's performance while in a wheelchair, "I want to thank you [...] for demonstrating that it's not necessary to stand at the lectern in order to do a fine job."
As Texas AG, Abbott staunchly opposed gun control legislation. In 2013, Abbott criticized legislation enacted by New York State strengthening the state's gun regulation laws by expanding an assault weapons ban and creating a high-capacity magazine ban; Abbott also said he would sue if Congress enacted a new gun-control bill. After the law was passed, Abbott's political campaign placed Internet ads to users with Albany and Manhattan ZIP codes suggesting that New York gun owners should move to Texas. The one ad read: "Is Gov. Cuomo looking to take your guns?" and the other ad read, "Wanted: Law abiding New York gun owners looking for lower taxes and greater opportunity." The ads linked to a letter on Facebook in which Abbott stated such a move would enable citizens "to keep more of what you earn and use some of that extra money to buy more ammo."
In February 2014, Abbott argued against a lawsuit brought by the National Rifle Association (NRA) to allow more people access to concealed carry of firearms, as Abbott felt this would disrupt public safety.
Abbott backed legislation in Texas that limits "punitive damages stemming from noneconomic losses" and "noneconomic damages in medical malpractice cases", at $750,000 and $250,000, respectively. While the settlement in Abbott's own paralysis case was a "nonmedical liability lawsuit", which remains uncapped, Abbott has faced criticism from generally Democrats who oppose the Republican-backed lawsuit curbs, for "tilt[ing] the judicial scales toward civil defendants."
Support for ban on sex toys
As Attorney General, Abbott unsuccessfully defended Texas's ban on sex toys. He said Texas had a legitimate interest in "discouraging prurient interests in autonomous sex and the pursuit of sexual gratification unrelated to procreation."
Opposition to same-sex marriage
As Attorney General, Abbott defended the state's ban on same-sex marriage from a constitutional challenge. In 2014, he argued in court that Texas should be allowed to prohibit same-sex marriage because LGBT individuals cannot procreate. He said that as "same-sex relationships do not naturally produce children, recognizing same-sex marriage does not further these goals to the same extent that recognizing opposite-sex marriage does." He also argued that gay individuals still have the freedom to marry, saying they are "as free to marry an opposite sex spouse as anyone else". He suggested that same-sex marriage was a slippery slope where "any conduct that has been traditionally prohibited can become a constitutional right simply by redefining it at a higher level of abstraction."
In the November 7, 2006 general election, Abbott was challenged by civil rights attorney David Van Os, who had been his Democratic opponent in the 1998 election for state Supreme Court. He won re-election to a second term by a margin of 60 percent to 37 percent.
Abbott ran for a third term in 2010. He defeated the Democratic attorney Barbara Ann Radnofsky of Houston by a margin of 64 percent to 34 percent. He was the longest-serving Texas attorney general in Texas history.
In July 2013, the Houston Chronicle alleged improper ties and oversight between many of Abbott's largest donors and the Cancer Prevention and Research Institute of Texas, of which he was a director.
Governor of Texas
In July 2013, shortly after Governor Rick Perry announced that he would not seek a fourth full term, Abbott announced his intention to run for Governor of Texas in the 2014 Texas gubernatorial election. In the first six months of 2011, he raised more money for his campaign than any other Texas politician, reaching $1.6 million. The next highest fundraiser among state officeholders was Texas comptroller Susan Combs with $611,700.
Abbott promised to "tie outcomes to funding" for pre-K programs if elected governor, but he said he would not require government standardized testing for 4-year-olds, as Davis has accused him of advancing. When defending his education plan, Abbott cited Charles Murray: "Family background has the most decisive effect on student achievement, contributing to a large performance gap between children from economically disadvantaged families and those from middle class homes." A spokesman for Abbott's campaign pointed out that the biggest difference in spending was that Davis had proposed universal pre-K education while Abbott wanted to limit state funding to programs that meet certain standards. Davis's plan could reach $750 million in costs and Abbott has said that her plan was a "budget buster" whereas Abbott's education plan would cost no more than $118 million. Overall, Abbott said the reforms that he envisioned would "level the playing field for all students [and] target schools which don't have access to the best resources." He called for greater access to technology in the classroom and mathematics instruction for kindergarten pupils.
Abbott received $1.4 million in campaign contributions from recipients of the Texas Enterprise Fund, some of whose members submitted the proper paperwork for grants. Elliot Nagin of the Union of Concerned Scientists observed that Abbott was the recipient of large support from the fossil fuels industries, such as NuStar Energy, Koch Industries, Valero Energy, ExxonMobil, Chevron, and ConocoPhillips. Abbott received the endorsement of the Fort Worth Star-Telegram, Dallas Morning News, the Lubbock Avalanche-Journal and the Tyler Morning Telegraph. Abbott, and his running mate for lieutenant governor, Dan Patrick, were endorsed by the National Rifle Association and received their 'A' rating.
In January 2017, Abbott was reportedly raising funds for a 2018 re-election bid as governor; as of December 2016[update], he had $34.4 million on hand for his campaign, of which he had raised $9 million during the second half of 2016. Lieutenant Governor Dan Patrick had been mentioned as a potential challenger, but confirmed that he would run for a second term as lieutenant governor. During the weekend of January 21, 2017, Abbott stated that he intended to run for re-election. He confirmed this on March 28, 2017.
Abbott formally announced his re-election campaign on July 14, 2017. This came four days before the start of a special legislative session that could split the Republican Party into factions favoring Abbott and Lieutenant Governor Patrick on one hand, and House speaker Joe Straus on the other. Straus represented the Moderate Republican faction, which opposes much of the social conservative agenda pursued by Abbott and Patrick.
In the November 6 general election, Abbott defeated Democratic nominee Lupe Valdez with about 56 percent of the vote, having out-raised her 18-to-1. Abbott received 42 percent of the Hispanic and 16 percent of the African-Americans vote.
Abbott is running for a third term and faced challengers from within his own party, including the former chairman of the Texas Republican Party, Allen West. On March 1, he won the primary with over 66% of the vote and is being challenged by Democratic former U.S. Representative Beto O'Rourke. Abbott has a large campaign funding advantage over his opponents.
Abbott was sworn in as the governor of Texas on January 20, 2015, succeeding Rick Perry. He is the first governor of Texas and the third elected governor of a U.S. state to use a wheelchair after Franklin D. Roosevelt of New York (1929–1932) and George Wallace of Alabama (1963–1967, 1971–1979; 1983–1987).
During the 2015 legislative session, initiated by officials at the Texas Health and Human Services Commission, the Texas Legislature placed a rider in the Texas budget to cut $150 million from its budget by ending payments and coverage for various developmental therapies for children on Medicaid. A lawsuit has been filed against the state on behalf of affected families and therapy providers, claiming it can cause irreparable damage to the affected children's development. The litigation obtained a temporary injunction order on September 25, 2015, barring THHSC from implementing therapy rate cuts.
During Donald Trump's presidency, Abbott was an ardent supporter of Trump. The Trump administration appointed several former appointees of Abbott to federal court vacancies, which some media outlets attributed to Abbott's influence on the administration. In 2021, Trump endorsed Abbott for another term as governor, choosing him over several Republican primary rivals who also positioned themselves as pro-Trump.
Abbott's book Broken But Unbowed (2016) recounted Abbott's personal story and views on politics.
In October 2016, explosive packages were mailed to Abbott, President Obama, and the Commissioner of the Social Security Administration. The governor's package did not explode when he opened it because “he did not open [the package] as intended”.
On June 6, 2017, Abbott called for a special legislative session in order to pass several legislative priorities for Abbott, an agenda supported by Lieutenant Governor Dan Patrick. Abbott vetoed 50 bills in the regular 2017 session, the highest number in a session since 2007.
Abbott appointed multiple judges to various judgeships, including several GOP-affiliated judges who had recently lost local judicial elections.
Following the regular 2021 session, The New York Times described Abbott and Patrick as "the driving force behind one of the hardest right turns in recent state history," and other sources described Abbott and other state officials as advancing strongly conservative policies.
In late November 2016, the State of Texas, at Abbott's request, approved new rules that require facilities that perform abortions either to bury or cremate the aborted, rather than dispose of the remains in a sanitary landfill. The rules were intended to go into effect on December 19, but on December 15 a federal judge blocked the rules from going into effect for at least one month after the Center for Reproductive Rights and other advocacy groups filed a lawsuit. On January 27, 2017, a federal judge ruled against the law, but the State of Texas vowed to appeal the ruling.
On June 6, 2017, Abbott signed a bill into law banning dismemberment and partial-birth abortions and requiring either the cremation or burial of the aborted. The law was also blocked by a federal judge; the state said it would appeal.
On May 18, 2021, Abbott signed the Texas Heartbeat Act into law, a six-week abortion ban. In September 2021, Abbott signed a bill into law that prevented women from mail-ordering abortion medication seven weeks into pregnancy.
Convention of States proposal
In 2016, Abbott spoke to the Texas Public Policy Foundation, calling for a Convention of States to amend the U.S. Constitution. In his speech, he proposed the Texas Plan, a series of nine new amendments to "unravel the federal government's decades-long power grab "to impose fiscal restraints on the federal government and limit the federal government's power and jurisdiction." The plan would limit the power of the federal government and expand states' rights, allowing the states to nullify federal law under some circumstances.
On January 8, 2016, Abbott called for a national constitutional convention to address what he sees as abuses by justices of the United States Supreme Court in "abandoning the Constitution." Speaking to the Texas Public Policy Foundation, Abbott said, "We the people have to take the lead to restore the rule of law in the United States." Abbott elaborated on his proposal in a public seminar at the Hoover Institute on May 17, 2016.
In the wake of the George Floyd protests, Abbott called on candidates in the 2020 elections to "back the blue." In response to actions by some Texas cities to redirect funding from police to social services and emergency response, Abbott threatened that the state of Texas would seize control of the local police departments. In 2021, Abbott spearheaded legislative efforts to financially penalize cities in Texas that reduce spending on police.
In 2021, Abbott vetoed a bipartisan criminal justice bill that would have made individuals convicted of certain crimes before the age of 18 eligible for early parole, as well as created panels to evaluate the age and the mental status of inmates at the time of their crimes when evaluating parole eligibility. He also vetoed legislation that would have prohibited police from using statements made under hypnosis in criminal court. He also vetoed an animal protection bill which would have made it illegal to chain up dogs without giving them access to drinkable water, and shade or shelter.
In 2015, Abbott signed the campus carry (SB 11) and the open carry (HB 910) bills into law. The campus carry law came into effect later that year, allowing licensed carrying of a concealed handgun on public college campuses, with private colleges being able to opt out. The open carry bill went into effect in 2016, allowing the licensed carrying of handguns openly in public areas and in private businesses that do not display a 30.07 sign. The 30.07 sign (referring to state penal code 30.07) states that a handgun may not be carried openly even by a licensed gun carrier. To do so openly is considered trespassing. Texas is the 45th state to have open carry. In 2017, Abbott signed a bill into law lowering handgun carry license fees. In 2021, Abbott signed a bill into law that allowed Texans to carry guns without a license.
Following the Sutherland Springs church shooting on November 5, 2017, during an interview with Fox News, Abbott urged historical reflection and the consideration that evil had been present in earlier "horrific events" during the Nazi era, the Middle Ages and biblical times. The Anti-Defamation League said Abbott's comparison of the mass shooting "to the victims of the Holocaust" was "deeply offensive" and "insensitive".
After the Santa Fe High School shooting on May 18, 2018, Abbott said that he would consult across Texas in an attempt to prevent gun violence in schools and a series of round-table discussions followed at the state capitol. In a speech to a NRA convention in Dallas almost two weeks later, Abbott said: "The problem is not guns, it’s hearts without God". In June 2019, he signed a bill allowing for more armed teachers with school districts being unrestricted as to the number they allow. The creation of "threat assessment teams", passed into law by the bill, is intended to identify potentially violent students. Although the state legislature passed measures for students services to deal with related mental health issues, proposals to adopt a red flag law failed, Abbott said such a law was "not necessary in the state of Texas."
In August 2019, a gunman who had written a racist manifesto killed 22 people in a mass shooting at a Wal-Mart in El Paso, saying he had targeted "Mexicans." Following the shooting, Abbott convened a domestic terrorism task force to look into domestic extremism, but reiterated his opposition to a red-flag law and rejected calls to convene a special session of the state legislature to address gun violence.
From September 1, 2021, Texans are able to carry handguns without a license or training after Abbott signed a permitless carry bill into law in June 2021.
On May 24, 2022, Abbott stated that an 18-year-old carrying a handgun and possibly a rifle (later identified as an Daniel Defense DDM4, an AR-15-style semi-automatic rifle) killed 19 students and 2 teachers at the Robb Elementary School in Uvalde. On May 25, Abbott held a news conference to give further information on the shooting. Gun laws were not mentioned, rather Abbott stated that mental health in the community was the root cause of the event. Beto O’Rourke, who is running for the Democratic nomination to challenge Abbott in the November midterm elections, approached the stage and said, "The time to stop the next shooting is right now and you are doing nothing." Abbott responded saying that it was a time for "healing and hope" for the victim's families, not "our agendas.". Rather than attend the NRA yearly meeting held on May 27, Abbott published a youtube message. He did not mention the sale of assault rifles but did note that gun laws have not been effective to stop the killing, noting that the shooter broke two gun laws the day he committed the multiple murders.: It is a felony to possess a gun on school property and "what he did on campus is capital murder, that's a crime that would have subjected him to the death penalty in Texas."
Jade Helm 15
Abbott on April 28, 2015, asked the State Guard to monitor the training exercise Jade Helm 15 amid Internet-fueled suspicions that the war simulation was really a hostile military takeover. In 2018, former director of the CIA and NSA Michael Hayden said that the conspiracy theory had been propagated by Russian intelligence organizations and that Abbott's response convinced them of the power such a misinformation campaign could have in the United States.
In 2015, Abbott signed the "Pastor Protection Act," which allows pastors to refuse to marry couples if they feel doing so violates their beliefs.
In 2017, Abbott signed Senate Bill 24 into law, preventing state or local governments from subpoenaing pastors' sermons. This bill was inspired by an anti-discrimination ordinance in Houston, where sermons from five pastors were subpoenaed.
Also in 2017, Abbott signed House Bill 3859 which allows faith-based groups working with the Texas child welfare system to deny services "under circumstances that conflict with the provider's sincerely held religious beliefs." Democrats and civil rights advocates said the adoption bill could allow such groups to discriminate against those who practice a different religion or who are lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender, and LGBT rights groups said they would challenge the bill in court. In response, California added Texas to a list of states to which it banned official government travel.
In November 2015, Abbott announced that Texas would refuse Syrian refugees following the Paris terrorist attack that occurred earlier that month. In December 2015, Abbott ordered the Texas Health and Human Services Commission to file a lawsuit against the federal government and the International Rescue Committee to block refugee settlement, but the lawsuit was struck down by a federal district court.
On February 1, 2017, Abbott blocked funding to Travis County, Texas, due to its recently implemented sanctuary city policy. On May 7, 2017, Abbott signed Texas Senate Bill 4 into law, targeting sanctuary cities by charging county or city officials who refuse to work with federal officials and by allowing police officers to check the immigration status of those they detain if they choose.
In January 2020, Abbott made Texas the first state to decline refugee resettlement under a new rule implemented by the Trump administration. The move was condemned in a joint statement by all 16 Catholic bishops of Texas.
In 2021, Abbott referred to undocumented immigrants crossing the border as an "invasion." In March 2021, Abbott claimed that the Biden administration was releasing illegal immigrants infected with COVID-19 into Texas, saying "The Biden Administration is recklessly releasing hundreds of illegal immigrants who have COVID into Texas communities." PolitiFact rated Abbott's claim as "Mostly False", since those being released were asylum seekers with a legal right to remain in the U.S., and the number was well below "hundreds", only 108, at the time of Abbot's tweet.
In June 2021, Abbott ordered Texas child-care regulators to take the licenses of child-care facilities that housed unaccompanied migrant minors. Abbott said that the housing of unaccompanied minors in child-care facilities had a negative impact on facilities housing Texan children in foster care. Later that month, he announced plans to build a border wall with Mexico in his state, saying that the state would provide $250 million and that direct donations from the public would be solicited.
In July 2021, Abbott advised state law enforcement officers to begin arresting illegal migrants for trespassing. Later, on July 27, 2021, Abbott ordered the National Guard to begin helping arrest migrants, and the following day he signed an order to restrict the ground transportation of migrants. Migrants arrested under Abbott's policy were subsequently kept imprisoned for weeks without legal help or formal charges.
In 2021, Abbott announced that the state of Texas would be continuing the U.S. Border Wall started by former president Donald Trump. The wall is the same design Trump used and is currently under construction.
On April 7, 2022, Abbott announced in a press conference a plan to direct the Texas Division of Emergency Management to bus illegal immigrants with 900 charter buses from Texas into Washington D.C, citing the potential surge of immigrants who would cross the border after Title 42 provisions regarding communicable disease were set to be rolled back by President Biden the following month. Any mayor or county judge along with cities would be able to request buses for immigrants that had been released from federal custody. Following initial criticism, Abbot also made clear that the trip would be voluntary for immigrants. By April 13 the first bus, carrying 24 immigrants, arrived in Washington D.C after 30 hours, with a second bus arriving the following day. Abbott came under fire for both buses, with one scholar of the American Enterprise Institute suggesting Abbott be federally prosecuted for human trafficking. However, Abbott received support for his actions from Senator Ted Cruz, who further advocated for more immigrants to be bused into other predominantly Democrat areas. In a press conference, White House press secretary Jen Psaki noted that it was 'nice' Texas was "helping them get to their final destination as they await the outcome of their immigration proceedings".
In early April 2022, Abbott announced that Texas would increase inspections of commercial trucks entering the state from Mexico with the goal of seizing illegal drugs and illegal migrants. Shortly thereafter, the inspections caused a multi-mile backup of commercial vehicles carrying produce, auto parts, household goods and many other items. A spokesman for the Fresh Produce Association of the Americas said that up to 80% of perishable fruits and vegetables have been unable to cross and in some cases are in danger of spoiling. The president of the Texas Trucking Association said that the delays are affecting every kind of trucking and are being felt across the country. Several bridges were blockaded in protest by Mexican truckers. Under heavy pressure from Texas business owners, who strongly criticized the "secondary inspections", Abbott cancelled the policy on April 15. He said the reversal was because the governors of adjacent Mexican states had agreed to exercise stronger vigilance against human trafficking, drugs, and guns.
Abbott's truck inspections ultimately cost Texas an estimated $4.2 billion and led to no apprehensions of drugs or illegal migrants.
Abbott rejects the scientific consensus on climate change. Abbott has said that the climate is changing, but does not accept the consensus that human activity is the primary contributor to climate change.
In early 2014, Abbott participated in strategy sessions held at the headquarters of the United States Chamber of Commerce, devising a legal strategy for dismantling climate change regulations. In 2016, Abbott supported the appointment of Scott Pruitt to head the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), noting "He and I teamed up on many lawsuits against the EPA." As Attorney General of Texas, Abbott frequently sued the federal government over environmental regulations.
After Joe Biden was elected president, Abbott vowed to pursue an aggressive legal strategy against environmental regulations implemented by the Biden administration.
Abbott pressed for a purge of nearly 100,000 registered voters from Texas voter rolls. Texas officials initially claimed that the voters to be purged were not American citizens. The purge was canceled in April 2018 after voting rights groups challenged the proposed purge, and officials at the Office of the Texas Secretary of State publicly admitted that tens of thousands of legitimate voters (naturalized citizens) were wrongly flagged for removal. Abbott claimed that he played no role in the voter purge, but emails released in June 2019 showed that Abbott was the driving force behind the Department of Public Safety voter-purge effort.
In September 2020, Abbott issued a proclamation providing that each Texas county could only have a single location where voters could drop off their early voting ballots. Abbott justified the decision by claiming it would prevent "illegal voting" but cited no examples of voter fraud. Election security experts say voter fraud is extremely rare. Also in September 2020, Abbott extended the early voting period for that year's general election due to COVID-19; his decision was opposed by the Republican Party of Texas.
Abbott, a political ally of Donald Trump, made "election integrity" a legislative priority following President Trump's failed attempts to overturn the election results of 2020 United States presidential election by using baseless claims that the results were fraudulent. The resulting legislation was denounced by voting rights advocates and civil rights groups, who accused it disproportionately affecting voters of color and people with disabilities.
In July 2021, Democratic lawmakers in the Texas legislature fled the state on a chartered flight to Washington, D.C. in an effort to block the passage of a bill that would reform the state election procedures. Abbott threatened to have the lawmakers arrested upon their return to Texas. In August, the Supreme Court of Texas made a ruling allowing for the arrest of the absent lawmakers, so they could be brought to the state capitol.
In October 2021, Abbott appointed John Scott as Texas Secretary of State, putting him in a position to oversee Texas elections. Scott aided Donald Trump in his failed efforts to throw out election results in the 2020 presidential election.
In 2014, Abbott defended Texas' ban on same-sex marriage, which was ruled unconstitutional by a federal court. As Attorney General of Texas, Abbott's office argued that the prohibition on same-sex marriage incentivized that children would be born "in the context of stable, lasting relationships."
Abbott condemned Obergefell v. Hodges, the Supreme Court ruling which found prohibitions on same-sex marriage to be unconstitutional. He said, "the Supreme Court has abandoned its role as an impartial judicial arbiter." Shortly thereafter, Abbott filed a lawsuit to stop same-sex spouses of city employees from being covered by benefit policies.
In a letter dated May 27, 2017, the CEOs of 14 large technology companies, including Facebook, Apple, Microsoft, and Amazon, urged Abbott not to pass the what would come to be known as the “bathroom bill:” legislation which would require people to use the bathroom of the sex listed on their birth certificates, not the one of their choice. The bill was revived by Abbott and supported by Republican lieutenant governor Dan Patrick. In March 2018, Byron Cook, the chairman of the House State Affairs committee who blocked the bill, claimed that Abbott privately opposed the bill. The bill was never signed; Abbott later stated that "it's not on my agenda," in a debate with Lupe Valdez, the Democratic candidate for governor in 2018.
In 2017, Abbott signed legislation to allow taxpayer-funded adoption agencies to refuse same-sex families from adopting children out of religious objections.
In 2021, Abbott was criticized by a Republican primary challenger because Texas’ child welfare agency included content regarding LGBTQ youths. Shortly thereafter, the agency (which Abbott appointed the members of) removed the webpage which included suicide prevention hotline and other resources for LGBT youths.
In June 2019, the city of Austin introduced an ordinance that repealed a 25-year-old ban on homeless people camping, lying, or sleeping in public. In early October 2019, Abbott sent a widely publicized letter to Austin Mayor Steve Adler criticizing the camping ban repeal and threatened to deploy state resources to combat homelessness.
In November 2019, Abbott directed the State of Texas to open a temporary homeless encampment on a former vehicle storage yard owned by the Texas Department of Transportation, which was informally dubbed "Abbottville" by camp residents.
In 2019, when numerous local prosecutors announced that they would stop prosecuting low-level marijuana offenses, Abbott instructed them to continue enforcing marijuana laws. The prosecutors cited recently passed legislation that legalized hemp. As hemp contains the same chemical, THC, that marijuana does, tests that are at the disposal of law enforcement cannot distinguish between marijuana usage and hemp usage. Abbott has stated that legalized hemp products come with a "hemp certificate".
During the COVID-19 pandemic, Abbott issued a stay-at-home order from April 2 to May 1, 2020. This was one of the shortest stay-at-home orders implemented by any governor. After starting to re-open, COVID-19 surged across Texas, leading Abbott to pause the gradual re-opening. On June 24, 2020, Texas broke its record of new COVID-19 cases in a day. Critics described Abbott's pause as a half-measure and argued that he should reverse the re-opening in full to stave off the spread of the virus.
According to The New York Times, Abbott's response to the pandemic has been contradictory, as he has said that Texans should stay at home while also saying that Texas is open for business. He also said that Texans should wear face masks, but refused to issue a statewide mandate. Abbott's response to the COVID-19 pandemic has received criticism from both sides of the political spectrum. In July 2020, Abbott directed counties with more than 20 COVID-19 cases to wear masks in public places; he had previously prohibited local governments from implementing required face masks.
In December 2020, Abbott directed restaurants in Texas to ignore local curfews that had been imposed to prevent the spread of COVID-19. Localities had implemented restrictions on indoor dining and drinking late at night on New Years weekend amid a surge in COVID-19 cases.
On March 2, 2021, Abbott lifted all COVID-19 restrictions in Texas, which included ending a mask mandate and allow businesses to open up "100 percent."
In April 2021, Abbott signed an executive order banning state agencies and corporations that take public funding from requiring proof of vaccination against COVID-19. In June 2021, Abbott signed a bill that would punish businesses that require customers to have proof of COVID-19 vaccination for services.
On May 18, 2021, Abbott issued an executive order banning mask mandates in public schools and governmental entities, with up to a $1,000 fine for non-compliers.
On August 17, 2021, Abbott's office announced that he had tested positive for COVID-19 despite being fully vaccinated since December of last year. According to his office, Abbott is “in good health and experiencing no symptoms”. He received Regeneron's monoclonal antibody treatment.
Abbott emphasized personal responsibility over government restrictions, and resolutely opposed government mandates in August 2021. On July 29, 2021, in the face of a once-again worsening pandemic situation, Abbott issued a superseding executive order (GA-38) that restated earlier orders and imposed additional prohibitions on local governmental officials, state agencies, public universities, and businesses doing business with the state, to prohibit them from adopting measures such as requiring face masks or proof of vaccination status as a condition of service. The order also provides for a $1,000 fine for local officials who adopt inconsistent policies. US President Joe Biden criticized Abbott for these measures. The ban on mask mandates has led to a score of legal challenges between Abbott and local governments, including school districts. In justifying the ban on local government mandates in August 2021, an Abbott spokesperson said, "Private businesses don't need government running their business." In October 2021, Abbott issued an executive order that banned any entity, including a private business, from implementing a vaccine requirement for its employees.
February 2021 North American ice storm
During the February 13–17, 2021 North American winter storm, power plants failures across Texas left four million households in Texas without power. Abbott called for investigation and reform of the Electric Reliability Council of Texas (ERCOT), the electric grid operator for most of Texas.
On February 16, as a guest on Hannity, Abbott stated, "This shows how the Green New Deal would be a deadly deal for the United States of America ... Our wind and our solar got shut down, and they were collectively more than 10 percent of our power grid, and that thrust Texas into a situation where it was lacking power on a statewide basis... It just shows that fossil fuel is necessary." There was an immediate response from the energy department of the state of Texas, clarifying that "most of Texas's energy losses came from failures to winterize the power-generating systems, including fossil fuel pipelines." Most power plants in Texas are gas-fired, with wind generators providing about 10 percent during the winter months.
By February 18, Abbott had ordered Texas natural gas to sell exclusively to power generators in Texas, which had an immediate and direct impact on Mexico, where two-thirds of all energy is generated by gas-fired plants.
In June 2021, Abbott signed a bill requiring power companies to be more prepared for extreme weather events.
Abbott, a Catholic, is married to Cecilia Phalen Abbott, the granddaughter of Mexican immigrants. They were married in San Antonio in 1981. His election as governor of Texas made her the first Latina to be First Lady of Texas since Texas joined the union. They have one adopted daughter, Audrey. Cecilia is a former school teacher and principal.
On July 14, 1984, at age 26, Abbott was paralyzed below the waist when an oak tree fell on him while he was jogging following a storm. He had two steel rods implanted in his spine, underwent extensive rehabilitation at TIRR Memorial Hermann in Houston and has used a wheelchair ever since. He sued the homeowner and a tree service company, resulting in an insurance settlement that provides him with lump sum payments every three years until 2022 along with monthly payments for life; both are adjusted for inflation. As of August 2013, the monthly payment amount was US$14,000 and the three-year lump sum payment was US$400,000, all tax-free. Abbott said he had relied on the money to help him pay for nearly three decades of medical expenses and other costs.
On November 4, 2014, Abbott defeated Wendy Davis by 20 points in the gubernatorial general election of Texas. According to exit polls he received 44 percent of the Hispanic vote and 50 percent of Hispanic men, a majority (54 percent) of women voters, and 62 percent of the votes of married women (75 percent of women in Texas are married).
|Independent||Sarah M. Pavitt||1,168||<0.1|
|Democratic||Barbara Ann Radnofsky||1,655,859||33.7|
|Democratic||David Van Os||1,599,069||37.2|
|Green||David Keith Cobb||41,560||0.9|
|Democratic||David Van Os||1,396,924||39.9|
- "TJB | SC | About the Court | Court History | Justices Since 1945 | Justices, Place 5". txcourts.gov. Retrieved May 22, 2018.
- Sweany, Brian D. (October 2013). "The Overcomer". Texas Monthly. Austin, Texas. Retrieved October 31, 2014.
- "Person Details for Gregory Wayne Abbott, "Texas, Birth Index, 1903–1997"". FamilySearch.org. Retrieved November 8, 2014.
- vote-smart.org. Archived October 23, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
- Wilson, Reid (October 30, 2014). "The likely next governor of Texas is full of Lone Star swagger. Don't be surprised if he runs for president". The Washington Post. Washington, D.C. Retrieved October 31, 2014.
- "oag.state.tx.us". oag.state.tx.us. Archived from the original on October 17, 2013. Retrieved October 14, 2013.
- "TX Supreme Court Justice (Place 5) Race". Our Campaigns. November 5, 1996. Retrieved October 14, 2013.
- "TX Supreme Court Justice (Place 5) Race". Our Campaigns. November 3, 1998. Retrieved October 14, 2013.
- Mildenberg, David and Laurel Brubaker Calkins. Grit Drives Abbott to Follow Perry as Texas Governor, Bloomberg Businessweek, September 19, 2013.[dead link]
- "Attorney General Greg Abbott's Biography". Project VoteSmart.org. November 13, 1957. Retrieved October 14, 2013.
- Goudeau, Ashley (April 30, 2020). "State Sen. Kirk Watson headed to University of Houston". KVUE. Retrieved June 23, 2020.
- "TX Attorney General Race". Our Campaigns. November 5, 2002. Retrieved October 14, 2013.
- Root, Jay (August 4, 2013). "Abbott Faces Questions on Settlement and His Advocacy of Tort Laws". The Texas Tribune. Retrieved November 5, 2018.
- "Greg Abbott shares views with local Republicans". SAST. February 19, 2013. Archived from the original on April 24, 2013. Retrieved June 25, 2016.
- Satija, Neena; Carbonell, Lindsay; McCrimmon, Ryan (January 17, 2017). "Texas vs. the Feds — A Look at the Lawsuits". The Texas Tribune. Retrieved October 4, 2017.
- Frosch, Dan; Gershman, Jacob (June 24, 2016). "Abbott's Strategy in Texas: 44 Lawsuits, One Opponent: Obama Administration; Former Attorney General, Now Governor, has Led a Red-State Revolt Against the White House". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved October 5, 2017.
- "Trump's EPA pick sued Obama's agency early and often with anti-climate change ally Greg Abbott". dallasnews.com. December 7, 2016. Retrieved February 18, 2018.
- "Why the blue states' climate alliance may not work". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved February 18, 2018.
- Root, Jay (July 1, 2014). "Abbott: Ask Chemical Plants What's Inside". The Texas Tribune. texastribune.org. Retrieved July 1, 2014.
- Slater, Wayne (July 3, 2014). "Koch Industries says gifts, Abbott's chemical ruling not linked". The Dallas Morning News. The Dallas Morning News Inc. Retrieved July 8, 2014.
- Solomon, Dan (March 27, 2014). "Greg Abbott Enters Fray in Lawsuits Involving "Sociopath" Doctor". Texas Monthly. Retrieved November 5, 2018.
- Swanson, Doug J. (March 2014). "Abbott sides with Baylor hospital in neurosurgeon lawsuit". The Dallas Morning News. Retrieved November 5, 2018.
- Robert T. Garrett, Texas Gov. Greg Abbott says tighter restrictions on mail-in ballot procedures will deter voter fraud, Dallas Morning News (February 2, 2020).
- "Texas Sues Sony BMG Alleging Violation of Texas Spyware Statute". Tech Law Journal. November 20, 2005. Retrieved October 31, 2014.
- Texas Attorney General's Office (November 21, 2014). "Attorney General Abbott Brings First Enforcement Action In Nation Against Sony BMG For Spyware Violations". State of Texas. Austin, Texas. Retrieved October 31, 2014.
- "News | Office of the Attorney General". Archived from the original on November 20, 2007. Retrieved October 14, 2013., oag.state.tx.us.
- "AG throws more allegations at Sony BMG". The Business Journals. December 21, 2005. Retrieved October 14, 2013.
- "Attorney General ups the ante in lawsuit against Sony BMG". The Business Journals. December 22, 2005. Retrieved October 14, 2013.
- Robert McMillan, Sony pays $1.5M to settle Texas, CA rootkit suits, IDG News Service (December 19, 2005).
- Greenhouse, Linda (February 28, 2005). "The Ten Commandments Reach the Supreme Court". The New York Times. Retrieved February 10, 2010.
- Mears, Bill. "Supreme Court weighs Ten Commandments cases". CNN. Archived from the original on June 9, 2017.
- Curry, Tom (August 27, 2005). "Breyer Cast Decisive Vote on Religious Displays". NBC News. Retrieved August 6, 2019.
- Jim Forsyth, Y'all come to Texas, state official tells New York gun owners, Reuters (January 17, 2013).
- Fernandez, Manny (January 20, 2013). "Texas Attorney General to New Yorkers: Come on Down, With Guns". Retrieved August 4, 2019.
- Poppe, Ryan (February 26, 2014). "Supreme Court Won't Hear NRA's Case For Lowering Conceal-Carry Age Limit". tpr.org. Retrieved July 4, 2014.
- Root, Jay (August 4, 2013). "Abbott Faces Questions on Settlement and His Advocacy of Tort Laws". The Texas Tribune. Retrieved July 15, 2019.
- "A Closer Look at Greg Abbott's Anti-Gay Marriage Arguments". The Texas Observer. July 30, 2014. Retrieved June 8, 2019.
- "Texas attorney general: 'ban on same-sex marriage promotes childbirth'". The Guardian. Associated Press. July 29, 2014. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved June 8, 2019.
- "TX Attorney General Race". Our Campaigns. November 7, 2006. Retrieved October 14, 2013.
- "TX Attorney General Race". Our Campaigns. November 2, 2010. Retrieved October 14, 2013.
- Root, Jay (November 4, 2014). "Greg Abbott Crushes Wendy Davis in GOP Sweep". The Texas Tribune. Austin, Texas. Retrieved November 8, 2014.
- "Abbott's role at cancer agency under fire". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved July 27, 2013.
- "Rick Perry Won't Run for Re-election". The Texas Tribune. July 8, 2013. Retrieved October 14, 2013.
- "Texas AG Abbott kicks off gubernatorial run". Archived from the original on July 14, 2013. Retrieved July 14, 2013.
- "Greg Abbott and the Quiet Spot at the Top". The Texas Tribune. August 12, 2011. Retrieved October 14, 2013.
- "Republican primary election returns, March 4, 2014". team1.sos.state.tx.us. Archived from the original on March 7, 2014. Retrieved March 6, 2014.
- Alexander, Kate (March 31, 2014). "Greg Abbott promotes improving quality of pre-K over expanding access, full-day classes". statesman.com. Retrieved April 7, 2014.
- Smith, Morgan; Ura, Alexa (April 8, 2014). "Abbott Campaign: Pre-K Plan Does Not Mean More Tests". The Texas Tribune. Retrieved April 14, 2014.
- Hoppe, Christy (April 1, 2014). "Greg Abbott's education plan cites controversial thinker on race, gender". The Dallas Morning News. Archived from the original on April 7, 2014. Retrieved April 8, 2014.
- "Texas Gubernatorial Candidate: Greg Abbott speaks about state issues, Laredo Morning Times, May 16, 2014, pp. 1, 14A
- Slater, Wayne (September 28, 2014). "Greg Abbott shielded problem-plagued business fund by withholding applications that didn't even exist". The Dallas Morning News. The Dallas Morning News Inc. Archived from the original on October 3, 2014. Retrieved September 30, 2014.
- Negin, Elliott (June 9, 2016). "After the Deluge: Texas and France Split on Climate Science". huffingtonpost.com. Retrieved February 18, 2018.
- "For governor, Abbott holds promise". Editorial Board. Fort Worth Star-Telegram. October 19, 2014. Retrieved October 20, 2014.
- "Editorial: We recommend Greg Abbott for Texas governor". Dallas Morning News. Dallas, Texas. October 16, 2014.
- "Our View: Attorney General Greg Abbott is the best gubernatorial candidate". Editorial Board. Lubbock Avalanche-Journal. Lubbock, Texas. October 18, 2014. Retrieved October 19, 2014.
- "Greg Abbott ready to be our governor". Editorial Board. Tyler Morning Telegraph. Tyler, Texas. October 18, 2014.
- Reynolds, John (September 18, 2014). "NRA Endorses Abbott, Patrick". The Texas Tribune. Retrieved August 4, 2019.
- Root, Jay (November 4, 2014). "Abbott Crushes Davis in GOP Sweep". The Texas Tribune. Retrieved April 21, 2018.
- Hoppe, Christy (November 5, 2014). "Greg Abbott Tops Wendy Davis in Texas Governor's Race". The Dallas Morning News. Retrieved April 21, 2018.
- Herskovitz, Jon (November 4, 2014). "Republican Greg Abbott Wins Texas Governor's Race". Reuters. Retrieved April 21, 2018.
- Root, Jay (November 6, 2014). "Wendy Davis Lost Badly. Here's How it Happened". The Washington Post. The Texas Tribune. Retrieved April 21, 2018.
- Svitek, Patrick (January 12, 2017). "Greg Abbott Builds Big War Chest Ahead of 2018". The Texas Tribune. Retrieved January 23, 2017.
- Peggy Fikac, "Abbott adds $9 million to campaign war chest", San Antonio Express-News, January 13, 2017, p. A4
- Whitely, Jason (January 22, 2017). "Abbott to Run for Re-Election, Explains Position on Bathroom Bill". WFAA. Retrieved January 23, 2017.
- Jeffers Jr., Gromer (March 28, 2017). "Gov. Greg Abbott Remains Coy About 'Bathroom Bill,' Says He'll Run for Re-Election". The Dallas Morning News. Retrieved March 28, 2017.
- Root, Jay (July 14, 2017). "With No Opposition in Sight, Texas Gov. Greg Abbott Formally Launches 2018 Re-Election Bid". The Texas Tribune. Retrieved July 30, 2017.
- Peggy Fikac, "Abbott to seek second term: Governor says in S.A. he's ready to fight liberals," San Antonio Express-News, July 15, 2017, pp 1, A2.
- Zdun, Matt; Collier, Kiah (November 6, 2018). "Gov. Greg Abbott clinches second term as GOP wins closest statewide races in 20 years". The Texas Tribune. Retrieved November 7, 2018.
- Samuels, Brett (November 6, 2018). "Texas governor Greg Abbott wins reelection". The Hill. Retrieved November 7, 2018.
- Garrett, Robert T. (November 6, 2018). "For Gov. Greg Abbott, a victory, though not the towering one he'd hoped for over Lupe Valdez". The Dallas Morning News. Retrieved November 7, 2018.
- Weber, Paul J. (November 6, 2018). "No surprise here: Greg Abbott easily defeats Lupe Valdez, re-elected as Texas governor". Fort Worth Star-Telegram (from the Associated Press). Retrieved November 7, 2018.
- Sanchez, Carlos (November 6, 2018). "Greg Abbott Wins a Second Term as Governor". Texas Monthly. Retrieved November 16, 2018.
- Manuel, Obed (April 29, 2019). "More Texas Latinos voted in 2018, but so did everyone else, census data shows". Dallas Morning News. Dallas, Texas. Retrieved April 29, 2019.
'In spite of the Democrats increasing their election turnout, we were able to grow our turnout as well, and do so enough that for the 12th election in a row, every single statewide office was retained by Republicans,' James Dickey said. He added that Latino voters, 42 percent of whom voted for Abbott, will continue playing a key role for the Texas GOP.
- Tilove, Jonathan (June 14, 2019). "Tilove: Abbott says Biden will fade and Trump will win Texas". Austin American-Statesman. Retrieved February 25, 2021.
He said he plans to run for a third term in 2022.
- Svitek, Patrick (May 10, 2021). "Republican former state Sen. Don Huffines launches primary challenge to Gov. Greg Abbott". The Texas Tribune. Retrieved July 17, 2021.
- Svitek, Patrick (July 4, 2021). "Allen West announces he is running against Gov. Greg Abbott in Republican primary". The Texas Tribune. Retrieved July 17, 2021.
- Svitek, Partick (November 15, 2021). "Beto O'Rourke says he's running for Texas governor". The Texas Tribune. Retrieved January 6, 2022.
- Svitek, Patrick (July 8, 2021). "Texas Gov. Greg Abbott has colossal $55 million war chest for 2022 reelection bid". The Texas Tribune. Retrieved July 17, 2021.
- Fernandez, Manny (January 20, 2015). "Texas' New Governor Echoes the Plans of Perry". The New York Times. Retrieved January 24, 2015.
- Whitely, Jason (January 20, 2015). "Abbott, Patrick Sworn in as new Texas Leaders" Archived January 24, 2015, at the Wayback Machine. WFAA.com. Retrieved January 24, 2015.
- "Greg Abbott's election in Texas opens possibilities for disabled". USA Today. November 5, 2014. Retrieved June 28, 2020.
- "Greg Abbott and the new politics of disability". Austin American-Statesman. September 24, 2016. Retrieved June 28, 2020.
- Root, Jay (November 5, 2014). "Abbott Crushes Davis in GOP Sweep". The Texas Tribune. Retrieved September 13, 2021.
- "Abbott Discusses Trade With Irish Prime Minister". Texas Tribune. Retrieved March 16, 2015.
- "Texas to Move Forward With Cuts to Children's Therapy". The Texas Tribune. August 26, 2016. Retrieved January 2, 2016.
- "Citing 'irreparable injury' to kids, judge blocks deep..." mystatesman.com. Retrieved December 14, 2015.
- "Texas Republicans finalize bill that would enact stiff new voting restrictions and make it easier to overturn election results". The Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved May 29, 2021.
- Platoff, Emma (April 3, 2018). ""A Friendly Vote on the Court": How Greg Abbott's Former Employees Could Help Texas from the Federal Bench". The Texas Tribune. Retrieved May 17, 2018.
- Patrick Svitek, Donald Trump endorses Gov. Greg Abbott for reelection, Texas Tribune (June 1, 2021).
- Abbott, Greg (2016). Broken But Unbowed. Threshold Editions. ISBN 9781501144899.
- Helmore, Edward. "Would-be Obama assassin identified by cat hairs, authorities say". theguardian.com. Retrieved November 25, 2017.
- Grinberg, Emanuella (June 6, 2017). "Texas Special Legislative Session: What's on the Agenda". CNN. Retrieved June 7, 2017.
- "Greg Abbott: Texas Governor Revives 'Bathroom Bill' for Special Session". Fox News (from the Associated Press). June 6, 2017. Retrieved June 7, 2017.
- Svitek, Patrick (June 6, 2017). "Gov. Abbott Calls Special Session on Bathrooms, Abortion, School Finance". The Texas Tribune. Retrieved June 7, 2017.
- McGaughy, Lauren (June 15, 2017). "Gov. Greg Abbott Vetoes 50 Bills, the Most Killed by a Texas Governor in a Decade". The Dallas Morning News. Retrieved June 25, 2017.
- Svitek, Patrick (June 15, 2017). "Abbott Vetoes 50 Bills Passed by Legislature". The Texas Tribune. Retrieved June 25, 2017.
- Vertuno, Jim (March 10, 2019). "Abbott fills courts with GOP judges voters rejected". Austin American-Statesman. Retrieved October 24, 2021.
- Epstein, Reid J. (July 17, 2021). "In Texas, Top Two Republicans Steer Ship of State Hard to the Right". The New York Times. Archived from the original on December 28, 2021. Retrieved July 31, 2021.
- Ax, Joseph; Harte, Julia (October 13, 2021). "Texas governor moves state sharply to the right ahead of 2022 election". Reuters. Retrieved October 24, 2021.
- Martinez, Marissa (September 28, 2021). "Texas politics takes over American politics". Politico. Retrieved October 24, 2021.
- Wallace, Jeremy (January 2, 2022). "In 2021, Texas politics took a sharp right turn". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved January 2, 2022.
- Stack, Liam (November 30, 2016). "Texas Will Require Burial of Aborted Fetuses". The New York Times. Retrieved December 1, 2016.
- Perchick, Michael (December 1, 2016). "New Texas Provisions Require Burial or Cremation of Aborted Fetuses". USA Today (from KVUE). Retrieved December 1, 2016.
- "Judge Blocks Texas Rules Requiring Burial of Fetal Remains". Fox News. December 15, 2016. Retrieved December 17, 2016.
- Evans, Marissa (January 27, 2017). "Federal Court Blocks Texas Fetal Remains Burial Rule". The Texas Tribune. Retrieved February 2, 2017.
- Mekelburg, Madlin (May 26, 2017). "Sweeping Anti-Abortion Bill Heads to Gov. Greg Abbott's Desk". The Dallas Morning News. Retrieved June 7, 2017.
- Grasso, Samantha (June 7, 2017). "Texas Bans Common Abortion Procedure, Requires Fetal Remains Burial with New Law". The Daily Dot. Retrieved June 7, 2017.
- Gryboski, Michael (June 7, 2017). "Texas Governor Signs Abortion Dismemberment Ban Into Law". The Christian Post. Retrieved June 7, 2017.
- Young, Stephen (January 30, 2018). "Federal Judge Blocks Texas' Controversial Fetal Burial Requirement". dallasobserver.com. Retrieved February 18, 2018.
- "Judge halts Texas law requiring burial or cremation of fetal tissue". January 29, 2018. Retrieved February 18, 2018 – via Reuters.
- "Abortion: Texas governor signs restrictive new law". BBC News. May 19, 2021. Retrieved June 3, 2021.
- Mekelburg, Madlin. "Gov. Greg Abbott signs 'fetal heartbeat' bill banning most abortions in Texas". USA Today. Retrieved May 19, 2021.
- Schreiber, Melody (September 22, 2021). "New Texas law bans abortion-inducing drugs after seven weeks pregnancy". The Guardian. Retrieved October 18, 2021.
- Grissom, Brandi (January 8, 2016). "Texas Gov. Greg Abbott calls for Convention of States to take back states' rights". Dallas News.
- Walters, Edgar (January 8, 2016). "Abbott Calls on States to Amend U.S. Constitution". The Texas Tribune. Retrieved February 10, 2016.
- "Texas Gov. Abbott Calls for Convention on Constitution, Proposes Amendments". Fox News. January 9, 2016. Retrieved February 10, 2016.
- Peggy Fikac, "Governor seeks to crimp high court: Abbott wants constitutional convention," San Antonio Express-News, January 10, 2016, pp. A3, A4
- Robinson, Peter (May 17, 2016). "The Texas Plan With Governor Greg Abbott". Uncommon Knowledge. Hoover Institution. Retrieved March 13, 2017.
- McCullough, Jolie (September 9, 2020). "Gov. Greg Abbott calls on all Texas candidates to sign pledge against police budget cuts". The Texas Tribune. Retrieved May 12, 2021.
- McCullough, Jolie (September 3, 2020). "Gov. Greg Abbott considering legislation to put Austin police under state control after budget cut". The Texas Tribune. Retrieved May 12, 2021.
- Garnham, Jolie McCullough and Juan Pablo (May 6, 2021). "Texas' larger cities would face financial penalties for cutting police budgets under bill approved by House". The Texas Tribune. Retrieved May 12, 2021.
- Eltohamy, Heidi Pérez-Moreno and Farah (June 21, 2021). "Gov. Greg Abbott vetoes criminal justice bills, legislation to protect dogs, teach kids about domestic violence". The Texas Tribune. Retrieved June 22, 2021.
- "Gov. Abbott signs open carry, campus carry into law". Kvue.com. June 16, 2015. Archived from the original on January 6, 2016. Retrieved January 2, 2016.
- "At Shooting Range, Abbott Signs "Open Carry" Bill". The Texas Tribune. June 13, 2015. Retrieved January 2, 2016.
- "Texas Open Carry Gun Law". The New York Times. Retrieved January 2, 2016.
- "Texas becomes 45th state to pass open carry law". Abc13.com. June 8, 2015. Archived from the original on January 4, 2016. Retrieved January 2, 2016.
- Samuels, Alex (May 26, 2017). "Texas Governor Jokes About Shooting Reporters After Signing Gun Bill". The Texas Tribune. Retrieved May 28, 2017.
- Siders, David. "'Tip of the spear': Texas governor leads revolt against Biden". POLITICO. Retrieved June 22, 2021.
- Bowden, John (November 7, 2017). "Texas governor says church shooting should be put in context of Nazism, other horrific events". The Hill. Retrieved August 4, 2019.
- Feldman, Ari (November 9, 2017). "ADL Slams Texas Gov For Saying Mass Shooting Not As Bad As Hitler". Forward. Retrieved August 4, 2019.
- Ward, Mike (November 9, 2017). "Anti-Defamation League criticizes Abbott over 'Hitler' remark". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved August 4, 2019.
- Greenwood, Max (May 18, 2018). "Texas gov calls for action after shooting: 'We need to do more than just pray'". Retrieved May 19, 2018.
- Montgomery, Dave; Fernandez, Manny (May 22, 2018). "Texas Governor Gathers Leaders to Talk Gun Violence: 'What Are We Going to Do to Prevent This?'". The New York Times. Retrieved August 4, 2019.
- Oppel, Richard A., Jr (May 30, 2018). "Texas Governor's School Safety Plan: More Armed Guards, No Big Gun Controls". The New York Times. Retrieved August 4, 2019.
- Vertuno, Jim (June 6, 2019). "Texas governor signs bill allowing more armed teachers". Associated Press. Retrieved August 4, 2019.
- McArdle, Mairead (June 6, 2019). "Texas Governor Signs Bill Allowing More Armed Teachers". National Review. Retrieved August 4, 2019.
- Alex Samuels, Gov. Greg Abbott lays out response to El Paso shooting but won’t commit to special session, Texas Tribune (August 15, 2019).
- "Texans can carry handguns without a license or training starting Sept. 1, after Gov. Greg Abbott signs permitless carry bill into law". Texas Tribune. Retrieved March 24, 2022.
- "Where AR-15-style rifles fit in America's tragic history of mass shootings". NPR.org. May 26, 2022. Retrieved May 30, 2022.
- "Texas school shooting: Gunman walked in 'with handgun, possibly a rifle'; Biden was aboard Air Force One when rampage happened". Sky News. Retrieved May 25, 2022.
- Hooper, Kelly. "'You are doing nothing': O'Rourke accosts Abbott at press conference on shooting". Politico. Retrieved May 26, 2022.
- "Gov. Greg Abbott delivers remarks at 2022 NRA Convention in Houston". Fox 26 Youtube. Retrieved May 30, 2022.
- "Texas Republican decries 'pandering to idiots'". MSNBC.
- "Greg Abbott Tells Texas National Guard to Monitor U.S. Military Exercises". US News & World Report.
- "Texas Governor Deploys State Guard To Stave Off Obama Takeover". NPR. May 2, 2015.
- "Former GOP lawmaker blisters Abbott for 'pandering to idiots' over military exercises". Trail Blazers Blog.
- Pollock, Cassandra; Samuels, Alex. "Hysteria over Jade Helm exercise in Texas was fueled by Russians, former CIA director says". The Texas Tribune. Retrieved May 8, 2019.
- Crampton, Liz (June 11, 2015). "Abbott Signs "Pastor Protection Act" Into Law". The Texas Tribune. Retrieved September 29, 2016.
- Svitek, Patrick (May 21, 2017). "Abbott Signs Bill Protecting Sermons from Subpoenas". The Texas Tribune. Retrieved May 22, 2017.
- "Abbott Signs Bill Preventing Government From Subpoenaing Sermons". CBS DFW. May 21, 2017. Retrieved May 22, 2017.
- Evans, Marissa (June 15, 2017). "Abbott OKs Religious Refusal of Adoptions in Texas". The Texas Tribune. Retrieved June 25, 2017.
- Herskovitz, Jon (June 15, 2017). "Texas governor approves adoption bill that critics contend discriminates". Reuters. Retrieved June 25, 2017.
- Watkins, Matthew (June 22, 2017). "Citing Religious Refusal of Adoption Rule, California Bans State Travel to Texas". The Texas Tribune. Retrieved June 25, 2017.
- Ford, Matt (June 16, 2016). "Texas Loses Its Syrian Refugee Lawsuit". The Atlantic. Retrieved January 14, 2020.
- "Texas Gov. Abbott Cuts Funding to Austin Over Sanctuary City Policies". Fox News. February 2, 2017. Retrieved February 2, 2017.
- Svitek, Patrick (February 2, 2017). "In "Sanctuary" Fight, Abbott Cuts Off Funding to Travis County". The Texas Tribune. Retrieved February 2, 2017.
- "Texas Governor Signs Bill Targeting Sanctuary Cities". Fox News. May 7, 2017. Retrieved May 7, 2017.
- Carter, Brandon (May 7, 2017). "Texas Governor Signs Law Banning Sanctuary Cities". The Hill. Retrieved May 7, 2017.
- Cobler, Nicole. "Gov. Greg Abbott says Texas won't accept refugees in 2020". USA TODAY. Retrieved January 10, 2020.
- Burke, Daniel (January 13, 2020). "Every Catholic Bishop in Texas is Slamming Gov. Abbott's decision to bar refugees". CNN. Retrieved January 14, 2020.
- Barragán, Heidi Pérez-Moreno and James (June 17, 2021). "Critics denounce Greg Abbott and Dan Patrick's "invasion" rhetoric on immigration, saying it will incite violence". The Texas Tribune. Retrieved June 24, 2021.
- "PolitiFact - Abbott exaggerates COVID-19 concerns about migrants entering US". PolitiFact. March 11, 2021. Retrieved March 17, 2021.
- "Gov. Greg Abbott orders Texas child-care regulators to yank licenses of facilities housing immigrant kids". Dallas News. June 2, 2021. Retrieved June 2, 2021.
- Guzman, Joseph (June 17, 2021). "Texas governor unveils $250M for 'hundreds of miles' of new border wall". The Hill. Retrieved June 26, 2021.
- Choi, Joseph (June 15, 2021). "Abbott says he'll solicit public donations for border wall". The Hill. Retrieved June 26, 2021.
- Findell, Elizabeth (July 22, 2021). "Texas Arrests Migrants Crossing the U.S. Border for Trespassing". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved July 24, 2021.
- Jenkins, Cameron (July 23, 2021). "Texas begins arresting migrants for trespassing". The Hill. Retrieved July 24, 2021.
- Jenkins, Cameron (July 28, 2021). "Texas governor orders National Guard to arrest migrants". The Hill. Retrieved July 31, 2021.
- Barragán, James (July 27, 2021). "Gov. Greg Abbott orders Texas National Guard to help with migrant arrests at the border". The Texas Tribune. Retrieved July 31, 2021.
- Castronuovo, Celine (July 29, 2021). "Texas governor restricts transportation of migrants who 'pose a risk of carrying COVID-19' into communities". The Hill. Retrieved July 31, 2021.
- Sheehey, Maeve (July 28, 2021). "Abbott aims to restrict immigrant travel through Texas, citing rising Covid-19 infections". Politico. Retrieved July 31, 2021.
- Dima, Jake (July 28, 2021). "Texas Gov. Abbott clamps down on migrant transports to stop COVID-19 spread in communities". Washington Examiner. Retrieved July 31, 2021.
- McCullough, Jolie (September 27, 2021). "Migrants arrested by Texas in border crackdown are being imprisoned for weeks without legal help or formal charges". The Texas Tribune. Retrieved September 29, 2021.
- Aitken, Peter. "Texas Gov. Abbott shows completed section of state-made border wall, pledges to protect state's sovereignty". Fox News.
- "Governor Abbott threatens to bus migrants from Texas to US Capitol". www.cbsnews.com. Retrieved April 14, 2022.
- Amir Vera and Amy Simonson. "Texas to send buses of undocumented immigrants to US capital if they're willing to go, Gov. Greg Abbott says". CNN. Retrieved April 14, 2022.
- Moritz, John. "Policy to bus migrants to Washington is voluntary, but Gov. Abbott did not initially make that clear". El Paso Times. Retrieved April 14, 2022.
- Arelis Hernandez, Maria Sachetti (April 13, 2022). "First busload of migrants from Texas arrives in D.C." The Washington Post. Retrieved April 14, 2022.
- Bernal, Rafael (April 14, 2022). "Second bus drops off migrants near Capitol". The Hill. Retrieved April 14, 2022.
- "Greg Abbott faces fire for busing migrants to DC: 'This is kidnapping'". The Independent. April 13, 2022. Retrieved April 14, 2022.
- "Psaki: It's 'Nice' of Texas to Send Busloads of Illegal Immigrants to D.C." National Review. April 13, 2022. Retrieved April 14, 2022.
- "Texas Governor orders 'enhanced' commercial vehicle inspections at border, admits traffic will 'dramatically slow'". CDL Life. April 7, 2022. Retrieved April 13, 2022.
- Reiley, Laura (April 13, 2022). "White House, truckers blast Tex. as inspections snarl Mexico traffic". The Washington Post. Retrieved April 13, 2022.
- Diaz, Lizbeth; Hesson, Ted (April 12, 2022). "Trucker protests expand at U.S.-Mexico border over lengthy wait times". Reuters. Retrieved April 13, 2022.
- Reiley, Laura (April 15, 2022). "Texas Gov. Abbott reverses course on truck inspections at Mexico border". The Washington Post. Retrieved April 17, 2022.
- Garcia, Ariana (April 22, 2022). "Gov. Greg Abbott truck inspections turned up zero drugs, migrants but cost Texas $4.2 billion". Laredo Morning Times. Retrieved April 23, 2022.
- "FEMA's Climate Change Carrot to Texas". texasmonthly.com. March 24, 2015. Retrieved February 18, 2018.
- "EPA chief: carbon dioxide not primary cause of climate change". statesman.com. Retrieved February 18, 2018.
- Davenport, Coral; Davis, Julie Hirschfeld (August 3, 2015). "Move to Fight Obama's Climate Plan Started Early". The New York Times. Retrieved October 4, 2017.
- Dennis, Brady; Mooney, Chris (December 8, 2016). "Pruitt, Trump's EPA pick, has both sides of climate divide girding for a major fight". The Washington Post. Retrieved October 4, 2017.
- "Texas report says 'changing climate' intensifying disasters". Associated Press. December 13, 2018. Retrieved February 17, 2021.
- Svitek, Patrick (January 28, 2021). "Gov. Greg Abbott says he'll fight Joe Biden's energy and climate agenda". The Texas Tribune. Retrieved February 17, 2021.
- Contreras, Guillermo; Morris, Allie (June 5, 2019). "DPS emails show Texas governor pressed for voter purge that used flawed data". Houston Chronicle. Archived from the original on August 7, 2020. Retrieved June 8, 2019.
- Despart, Zach (October 1, 2020). "Gov. Abbott forces Harris County to close 11 mail ballot drop-off sites". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved October 1, 2020.
- Platoff, Emma (October 1, 2020). "Gov. Greg Abbott orders counties to reduce ballot dropoff locations, bolstering GOP efforts to limit absentee voting options". The Texas Tribune. Archived from the original on October 4, 2020. Retrieved October 1, 2020.
- Svitek, Patrick (September 23, 2021). "Texas Republicans sue to stop Gov. Greg Abbott's extension of early voting period during the pandemic". The Texas Tribune. Retrieved July 4, 2021.
- Svitek, Patrick (February 1, 2021). "Gov. Greg Abbott unveils legislative priorities, including police funding, "election integrity," expanding broadband access and more". The Texas Tribune.
Abbott's prioritization of election security comes three months following a November election after which top Texas Republicans, including U.S. Sen. Ted Cruz and Attorney General Ken Paxton, played central roles in fueling former President Donald Trump's baseless claims of widespread fraud. Those conspiracies led to a violent siege on the U.S. Capitol the day Congress met to certify the results last month. Abbott was among the Republicans who did not immediately recognize Biden's victory after major news outlets declared him the winner, and he was later supportive of Paxton's unsuccessful lawsuit challenging the results in four battleground states.
- Multiple sources:
- Ura, Alexa (May 7, 2021). "Texas GOP's voting restrictions bill could be rewritten behind closed doors after final House passage". The Texas Tribune.
But both the original SB 7 and the original provisions of HB 6 were opposed by civil rights groups who raised the prospect that the legislation violates federal safeguards for voters of color. Republicans’ efforts to further restrict voting in the state come as their presidential margins of victory continue to thin and Democrats drive up their votes in diverse urban centers and growing suburban communities.
- Ura, Alexa (March 22, 2021). "Texas Republicans begin pursuing new voting restrictions as they work to protect their hold on power". The Texas Tribune.
Senate Bill 7 is part of a broader package of proposals to constrain local initiatives widening voter access in urban areas, made up largely by people of color, that favor Democrats.
- "New GOP-led voting restrictions move forward in Texas". CBS News/AP. April 1, 2021.
The bill is one of two major voting packages in Texas that mirrors a nationwide campaign by Republicans after former President Donald Trump made false claims about election fraud. Voting rights groups say the measures would disproportionately impact racial and ethnic minority voters.
- Wines, Michael (April 1, 2021). "Texas lawmakers advance a bill that would make voting more difficult, drawing comparisons to Georgia". The New York Times.
Critics of the Senate bill said most of its provisions were less about making voting secure than about making it harder, particularly for urban voters and minority voters, two groups that tend to vote for Democrats.
- Barragán, James (April 1, 2021). "In overnight vote, Texas Senate passes bill that would make it harder to vote". Dallas Morning News.
[President of the Texas Civil Rights Project] said many of the bill's provisions would disproportionately affect voters of color. The extended voting hours in Harris County, for example, were mostly used by voters of color. Fifty-six percent of voters who cast ballots in late night hours were Black, Hispanic or Asian, according to the Texas Civil Rights Project.
- Coronado, Acacia (May 30, 2021). "EXPLAINER: How Texas Republicans aim to make voting harder". Associated Press.
Advocates say the changes would disproportionately affect minorities and people with disabilities.
- Gardner, Amy (May 30, 2021). "How the new Texas voting bill would create hurdles for voters of color". Washington Post.
While Senate Bill 7 would have wide-ranging effects on voters across the state, it includes specific language that critics say would disproportionately affect people of color — particularly those who live in under-resourced and urban communities.
- Ura, Alexa (May 7, 2021). "Texas GOP's voting restrictions bill could be rewritten behind closed doors after final House passage". The Texas Tribune.
- Schnell, Mychael (July 13, 2021). "Abbott says Democratic lawmakers will be arrested when they return to Texas". The Hill. Retrieved April 14, 2022.
- SLODYSKO, PAUL J. WEBER, ACACIA CORONADO and BRIAN. "Republican Gov. Greg Abbott threatens to arrest Texas Democrats who fled state before vote on new election laws". chicagotribune.com. Retrieved April 14, 2022.
- Barragán, James (August 10, 2021). "Texas Supreme Court allows for arrest of Democrats who don't show up to Legislature". The Texas Tribune. Retrieved April 14, 2022.
- Goodman, J. David (October 21, 2021). "Texas Governor Appoints Former Trump Lawyer to Oversee Election Review". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on December 28, 2021. Retrieved October 25, 2021.
- Svitek, James Barragán and Patrick (October 21, 2021). "Gov. Greg Abbott's pick for top Texas election post worked with Trump to fight 2020 results". The Texas Tribune. Retrieved October 25, 2021.
- Langford, Eli Okun and Terri (August 7, 2014). "GOP Lawmakers Make Case for Upholding Same-Sex Marriage Ban". The Texas Tribune. Retrieved April 1, 2021.
- "Supreme Court Rules In Favor Of Nationwide Marriage Equality". BuzzFeed News. Retrieved June 8, 2019.
- Ura, Alexa (October 28, 2016). "Texas Republicans want to narrow scope of same-sex marriage ruling". The Texas Tribune. Retrieved June 8, 2019.
- McGaughy, Lauren, "Mark Zuckerberg, Tim Cook to Texas Gov. Greg Abbott: Don't pass discriminatory laws", Dallas News, May 28, 2017, retrieved June 19. 2017
- "Greg Abbott: Texas governor revives 'bathroom bill' for special session," Fox News via Associated Press, June 6, 2017, retrieved June 19, 2017.
- Platoff, Emma (March 13, 2018). "Texas Gov. Greg Abbott Opposed Controversial "Bathroom Bill," State Legislator Says". The Texas Tribune. Retrieved March 30, 2018.
- "Texas governor says 'bathroom bill' no longer on his agenda". Reuters. September 28, 2018.
- "Texas governor signs anti-LGBT 'religious freedom' adoption bill". Washington Blade: Gay News, Politics, LGBT Rights. June 15, 2017. Retrieved June 8, 2019.
- Scherer, Jasper (October 12, 2021). "Prompted by Abbott challenger, Texas agency removes webpage with suicide hotline for LGBTQ youths". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved October 15, 2021.
- Lindell, Chuck. "Abbott orders state agency to treat gender-affirming care as child abuse". Austin American-Statesman. Retrieved February 23, 2022.
- "Texas governor directs state agencies to investigate gender-affirming care for trans youths as 'child abuse'". Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved February 23, 2022.
- Ghorayshi, Azeen (February 23, 2022). "Texas Governor Pushes to Investigate Medical Treatments for Trans Youth as 'Child Abuse'". The New York Times. Retrieved February 25, 2022.
- Sanders, Austin (June 21, 2019). "Council Bites the Bullet, Helps the Homeless". The Austin Chronicle. Retrieved January 9, 2020.
- Bova, Gus (November 1, 2019). "Greg Abbott vs. Austin's Homeless". Texas Observer. Retrieved January 9, 2020.
- Bova, Gus (December 20, 2019). "Greg Abbott's 'Indefinite,' Imperfect Homeless Camp". Texas Observer. Retrieved January 9, 2020.
- McCullough, Jolie (July 18, 2019). "Texas leaders: Hemp law did not decriminalize marijuana". The Texas Tribune. Retrieved February 17, 2021.
- "Gov. Greg Abbott Urges Texas DAs Against Dropping Misdemeanor Marijuana Possession Cases". NBC 5 Dallas-Fort Worth. Retrieved February 17, 2021.
- "Gov. Abbott, Texas leaders urge prosecutors to keep enforcing pot laws". FOX 4 News Dallas-Fort Worth. July 18, 2019. Retrieved February 17, 2021.
- Goldenstein, Taylor (April 2, 2020). "Gov. Greg Abbott's statewide stay-home order, explained". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved June 26, 2020.
- Fernandez, Manny; Mervosh, Sarah (June 25, 2020). "Texas Pauses Reopening as Virus Cases Soar Across the South and West". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved June 26, 2020.
- "Coronavirus: Texas governor mandates wearing of face masks". BBC News. July 3, 2020. Retrieved July 3, 2020.
- Livingston, Juan Pablo Garnham and Abby (January 1, 2021). "Greg Abbott and Ken Paxton tell Austin restaurants to defy COVID-19 order banning overnight dine-in services". The Texas Tribune. Retrieved January 1, 2021.
- Aguirre, Priscilla (December 30, 2020). "Gov. Greg Abbott says Austin's new dine-in restrictions are not allowed. Period". mySA. Retrieved January 1, 2021.
- "Texas and Mississippi to lift mask mandates and roll back Covid restrictions". NBC News. Retrieved March 2, 2021.
- "Texas governor bans mandated COVID-19 "vaccine passports"". CBS News. April 6, 2021. Retrieved April 7, 2021.
- Harper, Karen Brooks (June 7, 2021). "Gov. Greg Abbott signs bill to punish businesses that require proof of COVID-19 vaccination". The Texas Tribune. Retrieved June 9, 2021.
- "Gov. Abbott bans mask mandates in Texas public schools, cities and counties". Houston Chronicle. May 18, 2021. Retrieved May 18, 2021.
- "Texas governor tests positive for COVID-19, in 'good health'". Associated Press. August 17, 2021. Retrieved August 18, 2021.
- Schneider, Avie (August 17, 2021). "Texas Gov. Greg Abbott Tests Positive For The Coronavirus". NPR. Retrieved August 17, 2021.
- Svitek, Patrick (August 6, 2021). "As coronavirus rages again in Texas, Gov. Greg Abbott resists statewide action, hamstrings local leaders". The Texas Tribune. Retrieved September 11, 2021.
- Sabawi, Fares (July 29, 2021). "Texas Gov. Greg Abbott's new order bans local governments from issuing mask, vaccine mandates". KSAT. Retrieved July 30, 2021.
- Wallace, Jeremy (July 28, 2021). "As COVID hospitalizations surge past 5,000, Gov. Abbott renews call for 'personal responsibility'". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved July 30, 2021.
- Saul, Stephanie (August 12, 2021). "Campuses Are Virus Incubators, but These Colleges Can't Require Vaccines". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on December 28, 2021. Retrieved August 13, 2021.
- Towey, Robert (July 29, 2021). "Texas Gov. Abbott threatens fines again against local officials and businesses that enforce mask mandates, vaccine requirements". CNBC. Retrieved July 30, 2021.
- Office of the Governor (July 29, 2021). "Executive Order GA-38" (PDF). Retrieved July 29, 2021.
- Scherer, Jasper (July 29, 2021). "As delta variant spreads, Abbott bans local COVID restrictions in areas with high hospitalization rates". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved July 30, 2021.
- whitehouse.gov: Remarks by President Biden on Fighting the COVID-19 Pandemic August 3, 2021. (Question: "Q Mr. President, do you believe that Governor DeSantis and Governor Abbott are personally making decisions that are harming their own citizens?" Biden: "I believe the results of their decisions are not good for their constituents. And it’s clear to me and to most of the medical experts that the decisions being made, like not allowing mask mandates in school and the like, are bad health policy — bad health policy.")
- Lopez, Joshua Fechter and Brian (August 17, 2021). "Confusion reigns in Texas as legal fight over mask mandates rages between local officials and Gov. Greg Abbott". The Texas Tribune. Retrieved September 7, 2021.
- Svitek, Patrick (August 25, 2021). "Gov. Greg Abbott bans government mandates on COVID-19 vaccines regardless of whether they have full FDA approval". The Texas Tribune. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
- "Texas Gov. Greg Abbott bans vaccine mandates by any entity". Axios. 2021.
- Sanchez, Carolina (February 16, 2021). "As millions lose power, Texas Gov. Abbott declares ERCOT reform an emergency item". FOX 26 Houston. Retrieved August 14, 2021.
- Englund, Will (February 16, 2021). "The Texas grid got crushed because its operators didn't see the need to prepare for cold weather". The Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved February 19, 2021.
- Shepherd, Katie (February 17, 2021). "Rick Perry says Texans would accept even longer power outages 'to keep the federal government out of their business'". The Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved February 19, 2021.
- Lopez, Oscar (February 18, 2021). "Mexico Cries Foul at Natural Gas Cutoff Ordered by Texas Governor". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on December 28, 2021. Retrieved February 19, 2021.
- Zou, Isabella (June 8, 2021). "Texas power generation companies will have to better prepare for extreme weather under bills Gov. Greg Abbott signed into law". The Texas Tribune. Retrieved June 11, 2021.
- "Cecilia Abbott". gregabbott.com/. Greg Abbott for Governor. Retrieved October 22, 2014.
- Ura, Alexa (March 16, 2014). "Unknown to Most, Cecilia Abbott Could Make History". The Texas Tribune. Austin, Texas. Retrieved October 22, 2014.
- "'Words Matter.' On Ted Nugent, Greg Abbott and the 'subhuman mongrel' who is president of the United States". Statesman.com. Retrieved January 2, 2016.
- "New first lady of Texas advocates for Hispanic population". Retrieved November 8, 2014.
- Accident set Texas Attorney General Greg Abbott on a path toward politics, May 31, 2010, The Dallas Morning News. Retrieved October 27, 2010
- Fernandez, Manny. "Candidate Draws Support and Critics for Talk of Disability" July 22, 2013. The New York Times.
- Ackerman, Todd. "Houston rehab giant ready for Giffords." Houston Chronicle. January 20, 2011
- Root, Jay (August 2, 2013). "For the First Time, Abbott Discusses Details of His Lawsuit Settlement". The Texas Tribune. Retrieved July 15, 2019.
- Thorburn, Wayne (November 17, 2014). "How the Democrats Lost Texas". Politico. Washington, D.C. Retrieved November 18, 2014.
According to the NBC exit poll, Abbott and Davis split the 18- to 29-year-old cohort evenly, while married women went 62 percent for Abbott (he received 54 percent from all female voters), and a near-record 44 percent of Hispanics cast their ballots for the Republican gubernatorial candidate.
- Hoppe, Christy (November 5, 2014). "Greg Abbott tops Wendy Davis in Texas governor's race". Dallas Morning News. Dallas, Texas. Retrieved November 5, 2014.
- Carney, Dave (February 6, 2015). "How We Won Texas". Politico. Washington, D.C. Retrieved February 7, 2015.
The exit polls showed Greg Abbott won 54 percent of women, 50 percent of Hispanic men and won 44 percent of Hispanics overall—all of which are traditionally strong Democratic groups.
- "2018 General Election". Politico. Retrieved June 28, 2020.
- "2014 General Election". Office of the Secretary of State (Texas). Archived from the original on January 9, 2014. Retrieved January 2, 2007.
- "1992 – 2006 ELECTION HISTORY". Archived from the original on November 8, 2006.
- Gonzalez, John W. "Abbott has friends and foes in disabled community." Houston Chronicle. July 29, 2013.