|Assumed office |
13 June 2021
|Faction represented in the Knesset|
|2019||Union of the Right-Wing Parties|
|Born|| (1980-10-27) 27 October 1980|
Idit Silman (Hebrew: עִידִּית סִילְמָן, born 27 October 1980) is an Israeli politician. She is a member of the Knesset for Yamina. She was the parliamentary whip of the coalition, before resigning in protest from the coalition on 6 April 2022, while maintaining her Knesset seat and shifting the balance of power between coalition and opposition.
She was an activist with Mafdal since her youth, and continued in the Jewish Home into which Mafdal was merged, where she was chosen for the female spot on the party list for the April 2019 Knesset elections. When the party joined the Union of the Right-Wing Parties alliance, she was placed fifth on its list, going on to enter the Knesset as the alliance won five seats.
Silman was given the eighth slot on the Yamina list (a joint ticket of the New Right, The Jewish Home, and National Union) for the elections to the 22nd Knesset. However Yamina won only seven seats, and Silman lost her seat in the Knesset.
Silman left the Jewish Home for the New Right on 15 January 2020, and was placed in the seventh slot on the Yamina list the same day when the alliance was re-established for the 2020 Israeli legislative election.
On 6 April 2022, Silman resigned from the coalition, causing the governing coalition of Prime Minister Naftali Bennett to lose its majority in the Knesset, and raising the possibility of new elections in Israel for the fifth time in four years. Prime Minister Bennett claimed that Silman had been "persecuted for months" by supporters of Likud party leader and opposition leader Benjamin Netanyahu "at the most horrific level" until she "broke" and left the coalition. Silman herself, however, referenced the fact that the Minister of Health, Nitzan Horowitz, citing a supreme court decision, instructed hospitals to allow visitors to enter with chametz (leavened bread) during Passover. Having possession of chametz during Passover is forbidden under Jewish law. On 2 May, in her first interview since her resignation from the coalition, Silman said that she made the move due to various religion-related actions of the coalition. Specifically, she referenced the upcoming reforms in kashrut-oversight authorities, changes in authorizations to conduct giyur (conversion to Judaism), discussions about creating a section for the non-Orthodox in the Western Wall Plaza, and the Treasury Minister's decision to limit financial support of poor families whose parents neither work, nor engage in studies with the intention of acquiring a profession. This last category is seen by some as a way to coerce Haredim to reduce their religious learning studies and enter the secular world.
- "New government starts process of taking power after 12 years of Netanyahu". The Times of Israel. 14 June 2021. Retrieved 28 June 2021.
- Ravid, Barak (6 April 2022). "Israeli government on brink of collapse after key lawmaker quits coalition". Axios. Retrieved 6 April 2022.
- Sylvetsky, Rochel. "Talking to Idit Silman, fifth spot on the United Right's Knesset list". Israel National News. Retrieved 16 April 2019.
- "Coalition chair Idit Silman bolts from coalition". Israel National News. Retrieved 6 April 2022.
- "Idit Silman joins Jewish Home Knesset list". Israel National News. Retrieved 16 April 2019.
- Harkov, Lahav (22 February 2019). "Female candidate quits Bayit Yehudi over Otzma merger". The Jerusalem Post. Retrieved 16 April 2019.
- "Here's the Full List of Israeli Lawmakers – and Only a Quarter Are Women". Haaretz. 8 April 2019. Retrieved 13 April 2019.
- "Idit Silman defects from the Jewish Home to the New Right". Arutz Sheva. 15 January 2020. Retrieved 15 January 2020.
- "Bennett, Peretz, Smotrich agree to joint run without Ben Gvir". Arutz Sheva. 15 January 2020. Retrieved 21 February 2021.
- "Israel Election 2021: All the Official Party Lists So Far". Haaretz. 3 February 2021. Retrieved 21 February 2021.
- Hoffman, Gil (5 April 2021). "Sderot mayor turns down Knesset". The Jerusalem Post. Retrieved 5 April 2021.
- Silkoff, Shira; Joffre, Tzvi (6 April 2022). "Bennett: Bibi activists threatened Silman before she left coalition". The Jerusalem Post. Retrieved 6 April 2022.
- "Silman: What bothered me is a minister said to abide by High Court". The Jerusalem Post. 6 April 2022. Retrieved 6 April 2022.
- "Edith Silman In An interview with Amit Segal: We Received a Caressing Hug From The Media Investigation Against Shmulik Silman In News 13". Middle East 24 News English. 3 May 2022. Retrieved 11 May 2022.
- Idit Silman on the Knesset website