Independent International Commission of Inquiry on Ukraine

The Independent International Commission of Inquiry on Ukraine is a United Nations commission of inquiry established by the United Nations Human Rights Council on 4 March 2022 with a mandate to investigate violations of human rights and of international humanitarian law in the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine.[1][2]

Creation

On 3 March 2022, the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) started debating the effect of the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine on human rights.[3] On 4 March, in resolution A/HRC/49/L.1, the UNHRC condemned the violations of human rights and international law caused by the full-scale Russian invasion, called for Russia to stop its violations in Ukraine, called for Russia to completely withdraw from internationally recognised Ukrainian territory in order to prevent further violations, and decided to establish an independent international commission of inquiry on Ukraine. The resolution was passed by the UNHRC with 32 states in favour, 13 absentions and 2 (Eritrea and Russia) against.[2][1]

The Russian representative on the UNHRC, Evgeny Ustinov, viewed the commission of inquiry as "a mere waste of resources, which could better be used to help civilians in Ukraine".[4] Human Rights Watch expressed its support for the UNHRC to create a commission of inquiry into violations of human rights and international humanitarian law in Ukraine by all groups involved.[5]

Structure

The commission of inquiry was initially set up to include three human rights experts, initially for one year,[2][1] headed by Erik Møse from Norway, and also including Jasminka Džumhur from Bosnia and Herzegovina and Pablo de Greiff from Colombia.[6]

Aims

The aim of the commission of inquiry is to investigate all alleged violations and abuses of human rights and international humanitarian law in the context of the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine. The commission is required to make recommendations based on its investigation, initially reporting in September 2022[6] to the fifty-first and fifty-second sessions of the UNHRC and the seventy-seventh session of the United Nations General Assembly.[2]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c Johnson, Heidi (2022-03-04). "UN Human Rights Council establishes commission to investigate Russian human rights violations against Ukraine". JURIST. Archived from the original on 2022-03-07. Retrieved 2022-03-25.
  2. ^ a b c d "Human Rights Council establishes an Independent International Commission of Inquiry to investigate all alleged violations of human rights in the context of the Russian Federation's aggression against Ukraine". United Nations Human Rights Council. 2022-03-04. Archived from the original on 2022-03-19. Retrieved 2022-03-25.
  3. ^ "Afternoon - Human Rights Council Begins Urgent Debate on Situation of Human Rights in Ukraine Stemming from the Russian Aggression". United Nations. 2022-03-03. Archived from the original on 2022-03-05. Retrieved 2022-03-25.
  4. ^ "Human Rights Council to establish Commission of Inquiry on Ukraine". United Nations. 2022-03-04. Archived from the original on 2022-03-04. Retrieved 2022-03-25.
  5. ^ "UN rights body should urgently create monitoring & accountability mechanism". Human Rights Watch. 2022-03-04. Archived from the original on 2022-03-05. Retrieved 2022-03-25.
  6. ^ a b Nebehay, Stephanie (2022-03-31). "United Nations names experts to probe possible Ukraine war crimes". Thomson Reuters. Archived from the original on 2022-03-31. Retrieved 2022-03-31.

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