Marina Ovsyannikova

Russian journalist
OccupationJournalist, editor Edit this on WikidataEmployer
  • GTRK "Kuban"
  • Channel One Russia (–2022)
  • Die Welt (2022–2022) Edit this on Wikidata

Marina Vladimirovna Ovsyannikova (Russian: Мари́на Влади́мировна Овся́нникова (help·info);[1][2] née Tkachuk (Ткачу́к);[3] born 1978)[4] is a Russian journalist who was employed on the Channel One Russia TV channel.[5] She worked for Russia's main evening newscast Vremya on Channel One since the beginning of the 2000s,[6][7] later describing her role as "producing Kremlin propaganda".[8]

In 2022, she interrupted a broadcast of Vremya to protest against the Russian invasion of Ukraine, which made international news headlines. She was arrested, held without access to her lawyer, fined 30,000 rubles (365 dollars at the time), and later released. As of early October 2022, she is wanted by the Russian justice system after escaping her pre-trial house arrest; her lawyer says that she fled to Europe.[9]

Early life and career

Ovsyannikova was born in 1978 in Odesa, Soviet Ukraine.[7] Her mother is Russian, and her father is Ukrainian.[10] She lived with her mother in Grozny until the start of the Chechen War, but then they moved to Krasnodar.[11] As a child, she practiced swimming and artistic gymnastics.[3] Her swimming team won the university level Krasnodar championship competitions.[3]

Ovsyannikova graduated from the Kuban State University and later from the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration (RANEPA). She worked for the All-Russia State Television and Radio Broadcasting Company (VGTRK). Since 1997, she was a journalist for the "Kuban" TV channel (a regional subsidiary of VGTRK), and a favorite of its head Vladimir Runov, who is claimed to have helped her enter RANEPA.[7]

At the start of the 2000s, after moving to Moscow, she was hired for Channel One Russia's main evening newscast Vremya, thanks to the protection of her husband Igor Ovsyannikov, now a director in Russia Today.[7] Politico says, "Since 2003, her job was to watch Western news streams and press conferences, and collect excerpts that made the West look bad and Russia look good."[12] The Telegraph described Ovsyannikova during her time at Channel One as a "state mouthpiece" and "the flesh and blood of the Kremlin's propaganda machine". Ovsyannikova retroactively described herself as "having spent many years producing Kremlin propaganda" while working for Channel One.[8]

Anti-war protests

Shortly after this part, broadcasting switched to a pre-recorded feature on a medical topic[5]

Ovsyannikova initially supported Putin, but images of the war in Ukraine brought back memories of the war she experienced as a child in Chechnya. She had planned to protest near the Kremlin, but later decided it was not very useful.[13]

On 14 March 2022, during a live broadcast related to the Russian invasion of Ukraine on the evening news programme Vremya, which had millions of viewers, she appeared behind the news anchor, Ekaterina Andreeva, carrying a poster stating in a mix of Russian and English:[14][15]

Ukraine No War Russia
Остановите войну
не верьте пропаганде
здесь вам врут

[Stop the war, don't believe the propaganda, here you are being lied to.]
Russians against war

Ovsyannikova shouted:

Остановите войну! Нет войне! [Stop the war! No war!]

After a few seconds, the broadcast cut away to a recorded segment.[16][14][15] The recording of the news program was not available for download, which is uncommon for this TV channel.[16][17][18] The protest was unusual as the state-operated program does not deviate from the Kremlin line of a "special military operation", and viewers had previously not been told that the Russian invasion of Ukraine was a war.[5]

Pre-recorded message

After Ovsyannikova's on-air protest, Russian human rights group OVD-Info posted a video she had pre-recorded on Telegram.[19] In the video, she stated that she was "ashamed of working for Kremlin propaganda":[14][15][20][21][22][23][24]

What is happening in Ukraine is a crime. Russia is an aggressor country and the responsibility for this aggression rests on the conscience of only one person. That person is Vladimir Putin. My father is Ukrainian, my mother is Russian, and they've never been enemies. This necklace I'm wearing is a symbol of that fact that Russia must immediately end this fratricidal war and our fraternal peoples will still be able to reconcile. Unfortunately, I've spent the last few years working for Channel One, doing Kremlin propaganda, and I'm very ashamed of this. Ashamed that I allowed lies to be broadcast from TV screens. Ashamed that I allowed others to zombify Russian people. We were silent in 2014 when all this started. We didn't protest when the Kremlin poisoned Navalny. We just silently watched this inhuman regime at work. And now the whole world has turned its back on us. And the next ten generations won't wash away the stain of this fratricidal war. We Russians are thinking and intelligent people. It's in our power alone to stop all this madness. Go protest. Don't be afraid of anything. They can't lock us all away.[21][24][a]

Reactions

Denis Zakharov, an anti-war activist, on the night of 15 March 2022, in front of the Ostankino television center. He is waiting for the detained Marina Ovsyannikova to express his words of support and give her a bouquet of flowers.

Clips of Ovsyannikova's protest were widely shared around the world and attracted substantial global media coverage.[25]

Ukrainian president Volodymyr Zelenskyy thanked Ovsyannikova during one of his broadcasts.[16][26] French president Emmanuel Macron offered Ovsyannikova protection at the French embassy or through asylum. Russian government spokesman Dmitry Peskov referred to her protest as "hooliganism".[25][27][28]

Russian opposition politician Lev Shlosberg said, "Five seconds of truth can wash away the dirt of weeks of propaganda." Russian opposition politician Ilya Yashin described Ovsyannikova as a "hero of Russia".[5] The detained Kremlin critic Alexei Navalny lauded Ovsyannikova for her defiance during his final statement in court.[29][30]

The BBC reported that Ovsyannikova's protest had drawn attention to a gradual stream of resignations from Russian state-run TV, with three others emerging within hours.[31]

Kirill Kleimyonov, head of Channel One Russia's news division, accused her of being a "British spy" and said she called the British embassy prior to the onstage protest.[32] The UK Foreign Office said there was no contact prior to the on-screen protest.[33]

Persecutions and activism

Ovsyannikova was detained and taken to Ostankino police station.[15][34] Her lawyer was not able to contact or even locate her for more than 12 hours. The morning after the broadcast, her whereabouts were still unknown.[35] It was reported Ovsyannikova may face up to 15 years in prison under Russia's disinformation laws about the Ukrainian invasion.[36]

Later on 15 March, the Twitter account of Kevin Rothrock, an editor at Meduza, posted a picture showing Ovsyannikova with Anton Gashinsky, a human rights lawyer, in court.[37] For the video posted on Telegram, Ovsyannikova was charged with organizing an unauthorized public event and fined 30,000 rubles ($280, £200 or €255).[19][38] Russian state news agency TASS reported that Russia's Investigative Committee was also investigating Ovsyannikova for the on-air protest on charges of publicly spreading "false information" about Russia's invasion of Ukraine.[39][19] Under a new law passed on 4 March, she could be prosecuted for calling the invasion of Ukraine a war instead of the government's euphemism "special military operation" and sentenced to up to 15 years in prison.[15][19][40]

On 17 March, Ovsyannikova quit her job on Channel One Russia.[41] She stated that she rejected asylum in France, and was to stay in Russia with her children.[42]

It was announced on 11 April 2022, that Ovsyannikova had accepted, with immediate effect, work as a freelance correspondent for Axel Springer SE's German newspaper Die Welt, covering Russia and Ukraine.[43][44][45] Shortly after she moved to Berlin, Germany, leaving her children behind in Russia as her ex-husband did not give her permission to take the children out of the country.[46]

On 25 May 2022, during the annual Oslo Freedom Forum in Oslo, Norway, Ovsyannikova received the Václav Havel Prize for Creative Dissent. This prize is given to honor "those who, with bravery and ingenuity, unmask the lies of dictatorship, and who put forth work that exemplifies tremendous courage and creativity".[47]

Between 27 and 31 May 2022, Ovsyannikova visited Ukraine as a freelance correspondent for Die Welt. The visit caused public uproar, which forced Die Welt to abort the visit and evacuate Ovsyannikova from the country.[48]

After her contract with Die Welt expired, Ovsyannikova returned to Russia.[49] On 15 July 2022, she made a single-person protest at the Sophia Embankment [ru], in front of the Kremlin, with a poster reading "Putin is a murderer. His soldiers are fascists. 352 children died. How many more should die for you to stop?" Two days later, she was arrested and later released.[49][50] On 9 August, a criminal case was started against her due to this event where she was charged with discrediting the military; her home was raided by police and she was detained for questioning. She was later released, after being ordered to spend the night at Moscow police headquarters.[51][52] The next day, she was put under house arrest for two months, until 9 October 2022.[53] However, on 1 October, her husband Igor announced that she had escaped house arrest together with her 11-year-old daughter. Her immediate whereabouts were unknown.[54] On 17 October 2022, Ovsyannikova's lawyer confirmed she had fled Russia "to one of the European countries, where she is now under protection".[9][55] On the same day, Ovsyannikova was restricted of parental rights on her 10 years old daughter and 17 years old son — the court ordered that Ovsyannikova's daughter must live with her father because her mother "is involved in political activity".[56]

Criticism

News of Ovsyannikova being hired as a correspondent to cover the Russian invasion of Ukraine for Die Welt led to protests in Berlin by the Ukrainian community and war refugees.[why?] The protesters demanded that she be fired, but Die Welt refused to do so, saying that she is "on the right side of history".[57][58] This decision sparked discussion in journalistic circles in Germany and other countries.[59]

In Ukraine, Ovsyannikova is largely regarded just as a propagandist, her appearance on TV was ignored or held against her, and Ukrainian journalists were unhappy with her being awarded prizes. Her press conference in Kyiv in May 2022 was canceled due to the "uproar".[60]

Personal life

As of 2022[update], Ovsyannikova lived in New Moscow (the former southwest sector of Moscow Oblast appended to Moscow in 2012) with her two children.[24][61][62] She is married to Igor Ovsyannikov, a television director for RT.[7][63] The couple were reported by one source in March 2022 as being "recently separated".[62] She has relatives in Ukraine, but she does not have much contact with them.[41]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Ovsyannikova refers to her parents as well as to her necklace in the colors of the Russian and Ukrainian flags to symbolize that Ukrainians and Russians are not enemies and to urge Russia to stop the fratricidal war.

References

  1. ^ Информация по делу № 05-1121/2022 [Information on case No. 05-1121/2022] (in Russian). Moscow, Russia: Официальный портал судов общей юрисдикции г. Москвы (Official portal of courts of general jurisdiction in Moscow). March 2022. Retrieved 2022-03-16.
  2. ^ Останкинского районного суда по делу об административном правонарушении № 05-1121/2022 - Постановление [Ostankinsky District Court in the case of an administrative offense - Decree] (DOC) (in Russian). Moscow, Russia: Официальный портал судов общей юрисдикции г. Москвы (Official portal of courts of general jurisdiction in Moscow. 2022-03-15. File "Дело 05-1121_2022. Постановление о назначении административного наказ... документ - обезличенная копия.doc" (Resolution on the appointment of an administrative penalty). Archived from the original on 2022-03-31. Retrieved 2022-03-31.
  3. ^ a b c Зырянов, Никита (2022-03-14). Журналистка и выпускница КубГУ вышла с пацифистским плакатом во время прямого эфира новостей на Первом канале [A journalist and graduate of KubSU came out with a pacifist poster during a live news broadcast on Channel One]. Yuga.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 2022-03-14.
  4. ^ Женщине, ворвавшейся в студию программы "Время", грозит административное дело [A woman who broke into the studio of the Vremya program faces an administrative case]. tass.ru. 2022-03-14. Retrieved 2022-03-21.
  5. ^ a b c d Shevchenko, Vitaliy (2022-03-15). "Ukraine war: Protester exposes cracks in Kremlin's war message". BBC. Retrieved 2022-03-15.
  6. ^ Sivtsova, Sasha; Reiter, Svetlana; Bashkirov, Semyon (2022-03-16). "'Everyone knows they're lying'". Meduza. Translated by Rothrock, Kevin.
  7. ^ a b c d e "Все без исключения понимают, что врут" [Everyone, without exception, understands that they are lying]. Meduza (in Russian). 2022-03-15.
  8. ^ a b Vasilyeva, Nataliya (2022-03-15). "Who is Marina Ovsyannikova, the journalist and ex-state mouthpiece who turned on her Kremlin bosses?". The Telegraph. ISSN 0307-1235. Retrieved 2022-04-01.
  9. ^ a b Preussen, Wilhelmine (2022-10-17). "Russian anti-war protest journalist Marina Ovsyannikova flees to Europe". Politico. Retrieved 2022-11-16.
  10. ^ "Kuppet russisk TV-sending med antikrig-budskap" [Russian TV broadcast Couped with anti-war message]. Verdens Gang. 2022-03-15. Retrieved 2022-03-15.
  11. ^ Marina Ovsyannikova (2022-04-19). ""I played a part in it. I am ashamed"". Die Welt.
  12. ^ "The Mysterious Case of Marina O." Politico. 2022-05-01.
  13. ^ "EXCLUSIVE State TV protester tells Russians: open your eyes to Ukraine war propaganda". Reuters. 2022-03-16.
  14. ^ a b c Ilyushina, Mary; Knowles, Hannah (2022-03-15). "Employee bursts onto live Russian state TV to denounce war: 'They are lying to you here'". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2022-03-15.
  15. ^ a b c d e Troianovski, Anton (2022-03-14). "A protester storms a live broadcast on Russia's most-watched news show, yelling, 'Stop the war!'". The New York Times. Retrieved 2022-03-15.
  16. ^ a b c Sauer, Pjotr (2022-03-14). "'They're lying to you': Russian TV employee interrupts news broadcast". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 2022-03-15. Retrieved 2022-03-14.
  17. ^ Редактор Первого канала Марина Овсянникова ворвалась в прямой эфир Первого канала с плакатом "Остановите войну, вам здесь врут" [The editor of Channel One, Marina Ovsyannikova, broke into the live broadcast with a poster "Stop the war, they are lying to you here"]. The Insider (in Russian). 2022-03-14.
  18. ^ "Russian state TV editor interrupts live news broadcast with anti-war message". Meduza. 2022-03-14.
  19. ^ a b c d Safronova, Valeriya (2022-03-15). "A Russian TV worker who protested the war on a live broadcast is fined". The New York Times. Retrieved 2022-03-16.
  20. ^ Reevell, Patrick (2022-03-14). ""I'm ashamed I allowed lies to be spoken from the TV screen. Now ten generations of our descendants won't wash off the disgrace of this fratricidal war. We're Russian people, thinking, intelligent. It's only in our power to stop this insanity"". ABC News, twitter.com.
  21. ^ a b "Ukraine: As It's Happening". The Moscow Times. 2022-03-14. Retrieved 2022-03-14.
  22. ^ "Russian Woman Interrupts Live State News Broadcast To Send Message to Putin". Newsweek. 2022-03-14.
  23. ^ "Anti-war protester in studio disrupts live Russian state TV news". Reuters. 2022-03-14.
  24. ^ a b c Марина Овсянникова, сотрудница "Первого канала", в эфире программы "Время" появилась с антивоенным плакатом [Marina Ovsyannikova, an employee of Channel One, appeared on the air of the Vremya program with an anti-war poster]. В мире (In the world). newsru.co.il (in Russian). новости Израиля (Israel News). 2022-03-15 [2022-03-14]. Archived from the original on 2022-03-15. Retrieved 2022-03-15. То, что сейчас происходит на Украине - это преступление. И Россия - страна-агрессор. И ответственность за это преступление лежит только на совести одного человека. И этот человек - Владимир Путин. Мой отец - украинец, моя мать - русская. И они никогда не были врагами. И это ожерелье на моей шее […] - символ того, что Россия должна немедленно остановить братоубийственную войну и наши братские народы еще смогут примириться. К сожалению, последние годы я работала на Первом канале, занимаясь кремлевской пропагандой, и мне сейчас очень стыдно за это. Стыдно за то, что позволяла говорить ложь с экрана телевизора. Стыдно за то, что позволяла зомбировать русских людей. Мы промолчали в 2014 году, когда все это только начиналось. Мы не вышли на митинги, когда Кремль отравил Навального. Мы просто безмолвно наблюдали за этим античеловеческим режимом. И сейчас от нас отвернулся весь мир. И еще десять поколений наших потомков не отмоются от позора этой братоубийственной войны. Мы, русские люди - думающие и умные. Только в наших силах остановить это безумие. Выходите на митинги, ничего не бойтесь, они не могут пересажать нас всех.
  25. ^ a b "Marina Ovsyannikova: Russian journalist tells of 14-hour interrogation". BBC. 2022-03-15. Retrieved 2022-03-16.
  26. ^ Breivig, Espen Moe; Lyngstad, Håkon Kvam (2022-03-15). "Zelenskyj advarer Norge og Europa: − Vi er alle russiske mål" [Zelensky warns Norway and Europe: - We are all Russian targets]. Verdens Gang. Retrieved 2022-03-15.
  27. ^ "Macron offers shelter for Russian editor held over TV protest". France 24. 2022-03-15. Retrieved 2022-03-15.
  28. ^ "Kuppet TV-sending: Russisk journalist møtte i retten" [Couped TV broadcast: Russian journalist appeared in court]. Verdens Gang. Retrieved 2022-03-15.
  29. ^ "Anti-War Protester Fined After Disrupting Russian News Program". RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty. Retrieved 2022-03-16.
  30. ^ "'This will lead to our country's collapse' Alexey Navalny's address to the Russian public as the state seeks new charges against him". Meduza. Retrieved 2022-03-17.
  31. ^ "Russia's state TV hit by stream of resignations". BBC News. 2022-03-16. Retrieved 2022-03-19.
  32. ^ Ball, Tom (2022-03-21). "Marina Ovsyannikova: TV protester denounced as British spy". The Times. Archived from the original on 2022-03-21.
  33. ^ "UK denies contact with Russian TV protest journalist". BBC News. 2022-03-21. Retrieved 2022-03-21.
  34. ^ "Russia outlaws spreading 'fake news' about the Russian military with fines and prison". Poynter. 2022-03-07. Retrieved 2022-03-15.
  35. ^ Bowman, Verity (2022-03-15). "Missing for 12 hours: the Russian TV presenter Marina Ovsyannikova who said no to war". The Telegraph. Archived from the original on 2022-03-15. Retrieved 2022-03-15.
  36. ^ Rose, David (2022-03-15). "Marina Ovsyannikova: Fears for Russian journalist who denounced lies live on TV". The Times. Retrieved 2022-03-15.
  37. ^ Lyngstad, Håkon Kvam (2022-03-15). "Russisk journalist skal være avbildet i retten" [Russian journalist should be pictured in court]. Verdens Gang. Retrieved 2022-03-15.
  38. ^ "Russian court fines woman for anti-war protest on state TV". Reuters. 2022-03-15. Retrieved 2022-03-15.
  39. ^ "The Badass Russian TV Producer Who Crashed a Newscast Is Free—For Now". Vice. 2022-03-15.
  40. ^ "Marina Ovsyannikova: Russian journalist in court after TV protest". BBC. 2022-03-15. Retrieved 2022-03-15.
  41. ^ a b Hebel, Christina (2022-03-17). "Interview with Russian TV Protester Marina Ovsyannikova: "I'm Enemy No. 1 Here Now"". Der Spiegel. Moscow, Russia. Archived from the original on 2022-03-18. Retrieved 2022-03-18.
  42. ^ "Скрываюсь в Москве. Отказываюсь от убежища во Франции. Сын считает, что я разрушила жизнь своей семьи" [Hiding in Moscow. Refusing asylum in France. Son thinks I ruined my family life]. Meduza. 2022-03-17.
  43. ^ "Marina Ovsyannikova becomes correspondent for Axel Springer's German media brand WELT". Axel Springer. 2022-04-11.
  44. ^ "Russian Journalist Who Protested War on Live TV Hired by German Media Group Welt". Bloomberg. 2022-04-11.
  45. ^ Семён Гудошников (2022-04-11). Марина Овсянникова станет корреспондентом немецкого издания Die Welt. Афиша, Moscow. Retrieved 2022-04-11.
  46. ^ "Скорее всего, это происки Маргариты Симоньян". Холод (in Russian). 2022-05-15.
  47. ^ "HRF Announces the 2022 Havel Prize Laureates". Human Rights Foundation. 2022-05-03.
  48. ^ Марина Овсянникова, уволившаяся с Первого канала после антивоенной акции, съездила в Украину. Meduza. 2022-06-06.
  49. ^ a b Moscow, Agence France-Presse in (2022-07-17). "Russian journalist who staged TV protest over Ukraine invasion briefly detained". the Guardian. Retrieved 2022-07-18.
  50. ^ "Задержана бывший редактор Первого канала Марина Овсянникова. Два дня назад она вышла на пикет с плакатом «Путин — убийца»" [Former Channel One editor Marina Ovsyannikova was detained. She picketed with a poster saying "Putin is a murderer" two days ago]. Meduza (in Russian). 2022-07-17. Archived from the original on 2022-07-17.
  51. ^ Nechepurenko, Ivan (2022-08-10). "Russia detains a former state television journalist who protested against the war". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 2022-08-12. Retrieved 2022-08-13. Dmitri Zakhvatov, Ms. Ovsyannikova’s lawyer, said in a post on the Telegram messaging app that his client faces up to 10 years in prison for her protest in July, when she stood on a Moscow embankment opposite the Kremlin with a poster that read, "Putin is a killer. His soldiers are fascists" ... More than 200 people have been charged with criminal offenses after protesting against the war, according to OVD Info, a rights organization that tracks such cases. In July, a court in Moscow sentenced Aleksei Gorinov, an opposition lawmaker, to seven years in prison for denouncing the invasion.
  52. ^ "На бывшую сотрудницу Первого канала Марину Овсянникову завели дело о военных «фейках»" [Marina Ovsyannikova, a former employee of Channel One, was charged with military "fakes"]. OVD-Info (in Russian). 2021-08-10.
  53. ^ "Russian state TV protester gets two months' house arrest". Reuters. 2022-08-11.
  54. ^ "Russian woman behind on-air war protest reportedly escapes house arrest". the Guardian. 2022-10-03. Retrieved 2022-10-03.
  55. ^ "State TV Journalist Who Denounced War in Ukraine Flees Russia". The Moscow Times. 2022-10-17.
  56. ^ "Ex-editor of the first channel Marina Ovsyannikova was restricted of parental rights". ovd.news (in Russian). 2022-10-17. Retrieved 2022-10-17.
  57. ^ "Protest w Berlinie: "Rosja już wiele razy pisała naszą historię"" [Protest in Berlin: "Russia has written our history many times"]. Deutsche Welle (in Polish). 2022-04-14. Retrieved 2022-04-21.
  58. ^ "Marina Owsjannikowa wird Korrespondentin für WELT" [Marina Owsjannikow becomes a correspondent for WELT]. www.axelspringer.com (in German). Retrieved 2022-04-21.
  59. ^ Иванова, Александра (2022-04-13). С Первого канала – в Welt: что думают в ФРГ о карьере Овсянниковой. Deutsche Welle (in Russian). Retrieved 2022-04-21.
  60. ^ "Why Interfax-Ukraine changed its mind on platforming the "renegade" Russian journalist Ovsyannikova". The New Voice of Ukraine. 2022-06-01.
  61. ^ Адвокаты не могут найти редактора программы "Время", которая ворвалась в эфир с антивоенным плакатом [Lawyers cannot find the editor of the Vremya program, who broke into the broadcast with an anti-war poster]. news.israelinfo.co.il (in Russian). 2022-03-15. Retrieved 2022-03-15.
  62. ^ a b ""Don't be jealous!" Social networks assessed the act of Marina Ovsyannikova differently". Novye Izvestia. 2022-03-15. Retrieved 2022-03-15.
  63. ^ Соснина, Мария; Гандрабура, Юрий (2022-03-14). Муж женщины, выбежавшей с плакатом во время эфира на Первом канале, работает на Russia Today [The husband of the woman who ran out with a poster during the broadcast on Channel One works for Russia Today]. 93.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 2022-03-15.
  64. ^ "Russia Today anchor resigns on-air". YouTube. Retrieved 2022-03-22.

Further reading

  • "Redaktør braut inn i direktesending på statleg russisk TV" [Editor broke into live broadcast on Russian state television]. NRK. Retrieved 2022-03-15.
  • Davies, Rachael (2022-03-15). "Russian journalist Marina Ovsyannikova: Why was the Russian journalist arrested and what was the Russian news protest?". The Scotsman. Retrieved 2022-03-15.
  • Hall, Stephen (2022-03-15). "Putin's Russia: how the ex-KGB strongman has gradually turned the clock back to Soviet repression". The Conversation. Retrieved 2022-03-15.

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Marina Ovsyannikova.
Wikiquote has quotations related to Marina Ovsyannikova.
  • Guardian News' footage of the recording and the protest on set
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