Order of battle for the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine

This is the order of battle for the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine.

Russian and other forces

Senior commanders for the 2022 invasion of Ukraine
General of the Army Sergei Shoigu, Minister of Defence
General of the Army Valery Gerasimov, Chief of the General Staff
General of the Army Sergey Surovikin, Commander, Russian forces in Ukraine

Initial groupings: February 2022

Ukrainian military commentator Yuri Butusov presented the following initial February 2022 deployment of the Russian forces:[1]

Southwestern Belarus grouping (blocking contingent against Ukrainian forces in Western Ukraine):

  • located around Brest, Luninets, Baranovichi, Osipovichi and Minsk
  • including forces from the Northern Fleet (200th (Arctic) Motor Rifle Brigade, 61st Guards Naval Infantry Brigade) and the VDV (76th and 98th Guards airborne divisions), estimated strength of 6–7 battalion tactical groups

Southeastern Belarus grouping (Kyiv offensive direction):

  • located around Vepri, Elsin, Bragin, Khainini, Rechitsya and Mozir
  • including forces from the 5th, 35th and 36th Combined Arms Armies, estimated strength of 7–9 battalion tactical groups

Bryansk grouping (Chernihiv offensive direction):

  • located around Klimovo, Klintsi, Pochep and Sevsk
  • including forces from the 41st Combined Arms Army and the 90th Guards Tank Division, estimated strength of 3 battalion tactical groups

Kursk – Belgorod grouping (Sumy offensive direction):

  • located around Tomarovka, Vesela Lopan', Zorino, Pristen', Kursk and Belgorod
  • including forces from the 6th and 20th combined arms armies, estimated strength of 4 battalion tactical groups

Voronezh grouping (Kharkiv offensive direction):

  • located around Stariy Oskol, Soloti, Valuyki, Boguchar, Pogonovo and Voronezh
  • including forces from the 6th Tank and 20th combined arms armies, estimated strength of 13–14 battalion tactical groups

Smolensk grouping (operational reserve of the northern front)

  • located around Yel'nya
  • including forces from the 20th and 41st combined arms armies, estimated strength of 6–7 battalion tactical groups

Rostov grouping (Donbas and eastern Sea of Azov offensive direction)

  • located around Rostov-on-the-Don and Kamensk-Shakhtinskiy
  • including forces from the 8th Combined Arms Army, estimated strength of 6 battalion tactical groups
  • Ukraine says the 8th CAA has operational control over the Donetsk People's Militia and the Luhansk People's Militia, naming them the Russian 1st and 2nd Army Corps

Crimea grouping (southern Ukraine offensive direction):

  • located around the Crimean Peninsula (Slavne, Dzhankoy, Novoozerne, Yevpatoriya, Sevastopol, Oktyabrskoye, Bakhchisaray, Angarskiy, Feodosiya, Opuk)
  • including forces from the 58th Combined Arms Army and the Black Sea Fleet's 22nd Army Corps (810th Guards Naval Infantry Brigade), estimated strength of up to 13 battalion tactical groups

Kuban grouping (operational reserve of the southern front)

  • located around the Kuban Peninsula (Novorossiysk, Korenovsk, Primorsko-Akhtarsk, Krasnodar, Mol'kino and Maykop) and Stavropol
  • including forces from the 49th Combined Arms Army, the Black Sea Fleet's 22nd Army Corps and the VDV's 7th Guards (Mountain) Air Assault Division, estimated strength of 6 battalion tactical groups

Leadership changes

In April 2022, Army General Aleksandr Dvornikov was placed in overall charge of military operations in Ukraine, effectively ending the grouping system.[2]

In June 2022 Colonel General Gennady Zhidko was appointed by Vladimir Putin to the top position, replacing Dvornikov.[2]

In October 2022, Army General Sergey Surovikin, previously commander of Aerospace Forces and Army Group South, replaced Zhidko in overall command.[3]

Chain of command

Ukrainian forces

Senior Ukrainian commanders for the 2022 invasion of Ukraine
General Valerii Zaluzhnyi, Commander-in-Chief of Armed Forces
Lieutenant General Serhiy Shaptala, Chief of the General Staff
Lieutenant General Serhiy Nayev, Commander, Joint Forces Command

See also

  • Military portal
  • flagRussia portal
  • flagUkraine portal

Notes

  1. ^ Commanders of the various armed services and branches do not have operational control over the forces. They are responsible for force development and generation. The Chiefs of the ground forces, the aerospace forces, the navy, the strategic missile forces and the airborne forces also hold the appointments of Deputy Ministers of Defence, junior to the Chief of the General Staff, who is the First Deputy Minister of Defence.
  2. ^ The General Staff executes strategic command and control of the forces through the NDMC. Operational control of the forces is carried out by the five Operational-Strategic Commands - the Western, Southern, Central and Eastern Military Districts and the OSC Northern Fleet, which is their equal. The Western and the Southern Military Districts share borders with Ukraine and are directly involved in the command and control of the operations. Forces from the Central and Eastern MD and the OSC NF and from other branches (Airborne Forces, Long Range Aviation, National Guard) are operationally transferred to the former two.
  3. ^ Commanders of the three armed services hold no operational authority. They are subordinated to the Commander-in-Chief
  4. ^ According to the Law "On The National Security of Ukraine", the commanders of the armed services and separate combat arms generate the combat units and give over operational control over them to the Commander of the Joint Operational Command
  5. ^ commands the armed forces and security forces contingents facing the Russian-controlled Donbass separatist forces, successor to the previous Anti-Terror Operation (ATO)
  6. ^ although designed as an independent formation, the Ukrainian Volunteer Corps are still considered by many to be the fighting arm of the Right Sector
  7. ^ According to the Law "On The National Guard of Ukraine" ("Про Національну гвардію України") Article 6, paragraph 3: "With the enactment of a state of martial law, the National Guard of Ukraine shall be prepared to perform its assigned tasks and shall be subordinated to the Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces of Ukraine, except for the military units tasked with escorting and guarding people under arrest and those military units guarding diplomatic missions.")[329]

References

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