Russian occupation of Kharkiv Oblast

Military occupation by Russia

Military occupation in Russia, Ukraine
Coat of arms of Russian occupation of Kharkiv Oblast
Coat of arms
Russian Occupation of Kharkiv Oblast.svg
Kharkiv Oblast:

  Ukrainian territory never occupied
  Ukrainian territory liberated from occupation
  Russian-occupied territory in Ukraine

Occupied countryUkraineOccupying powerRussiaRussian-installed occupation regime
  • Kharkov
  • military-civilian administration[a] (April[1]–September[2] 2022)
Eastern Ukraine campaign24 February 2022Ukrainian eastern counteroffensive6 September 2022Administrative centre
  • Kupiansk (until 8 September)
  • Vovchansk (8[3] – 11 September[4])
Largest settlementIzium (until 10 September 2022)
Vovchansk (10–11 September)
Kivsharivka (11–28 September)
Borova (28 September – 3 October)
Tavilzhanka (since 3 October)Government
 • GovernorVitaly Ganchev [ru] • Prime MinisterAndrey Alekseyenko [ru] (United Russia)
Russian control of Ukraine as of 5 November 2022

The Russian occupation of Kharkiv Oblast, officially the Kharkov Military–Civilian Administration, known in Ukrainian as Kharkiv Military–civilian administration,[b] is an ongoing military occupation that began on 24 February 2022, after Russian forces invaded Ukraine and began capturing and occupying parts of Kharkiv Oblast, Ukraine. Russian forces failed to capture the capital of the oblast, Kharkiv. However, other major cities including Izium, Kupiansk, and Balakliia were captured by Russian forces. The city of Chuhuiv was captured by Russian forces on 25 February, but was recaptured by Ukrainian forces on 7 March. As of November 2022, Russian forces only occupy a small portion of land in the Kharkiv Oblast.

In early September 2022, Ukraine began a major counteroffensive, regaining several settlements in the region and ending numerous military or military-civilian administrations.[5] By 11 September, Russia had withdrawn from most of the settlements it previously occupied in the oblast, including Izium, Kupiansk and Vovchansk.[4] The Russian Ministry of Defense also announced a formal withdrawal of Russian forces from all of Kharkiv Oblast west of the Oskil river stating that an "operation to curtail and transfer troops" was underway."[6][7]

The Kharkiv Military-Civilian Administration which was originally based in Kupiansk, relocated to Vovchansk on 8 September 2022. However, it subsequently collapsed when the city was recaptured by Ukrainian forces on 11 September 2022.[8][9] As of 18 September 2022, Russian forces only occupy a small strip of Kharkiv Oblast east of the Oskil river. On 13 September 2022, Ukrainian forces had reportedly crossed the Oskil river and had set up positions at multiple locations.[10] On 16 September 2022, Ukrainian forces claimed to have recaptured Kupiansk-Vuzlovyi, Kupiansk's sister city on the eastern side of the Oskil river.[11]

On 3 October 2022, Russian forces fled from Nyzhche Solone, Pidlyman, Nyzhnya Zhuravka, Borova, and Shyikivka, allowing Ukrainian authorities to regain control of almost all of the oblast.[12][13] On the same day, the Russian military–civilian administration in Kharkiv Oblast effectively collapsed.

Occupation

On 8 July 2022, Vitaly Ganchev said that Kharkiv is an "inalienable" part of Russian territory and intended for Kharkiv to be annexed by the Russian Federation via referendum.[14] But on 11 August, Ganchev told the Russia-24 TV channel that the authorities of the territories of the Kharkiv Oblast controlled by Russian troops are not yet ready to discuss a referendum on joining Russia, because "only 20 percent and no more" of the region is under Russian control.[15] According to Ukrainian intelligence, before the Ukrainian counteroffensive, Russia planned to hold a referendum in Kharkiv Oblast in November, with a planned 75% vote in favour.[16][17]

Izium

The city of Izium was captured by Russian forces on 1 April 2022, beginning the Russian military occupation of the city.

On 3 April 2022, the Ukrainian government stated that two Russian soldiers were killed and 28 others hospitalized after Ukrainian civilians handed out poisoned cakes to Russian soldiers of the Russian 3rd Motor Rifle Division in Izium.[18][19]

On 4 April 2022, The Guardian reported, based on eyewitness reports by residents and military officials, that intense fighting continued near Izium.[20] According to The Guardian, city inhabitants had survived in their basements for three weeks without electricity, heating or running water.[20] The report also claimed that Russian soldiers had prepared lists of individuals to “hunt”: gun owners, wealthy people and others deemed “dangerous” such as businessmen, activists, military, and their families.[20] The Russian army was also accused of barring passage of humanitarian convoys while food and medicine available in the city was running out.[20]

On 10 April 2022, several US defense officials stated that Russian forces were massing in Izium in preparation for an offensive campaign between Izium and Dnipro.[21] Russian forces had been reportedly redeploying forces from the Kyiv axis and the Sumy axis to Izium from April 5.[22]

On 18 April 2022, Ukraine claimed the recapture of a "number of settlements" in or near the Izium area.[23] Russian forces in the city were beginning mass deportations of city residents towards the territory of the Russian Federation.[24]

On 21 April 2022, Russia appointed Vitaly Ganchev as head of the Kharkiv military-civilian administration.[25] On 19 August Andrey Alekseyenko was appointed first deputy head of the Kharkiv military-civilian administration and Prime Minister.[26]

Ukraine began a counteroffensive in the Kharkiv region in early September. As of 10 September 2022, Ukraine recaptured Izium, ending the military-civilian administration and Russian occupation of the city.[5]

Velykyi Burluk

The community of Velykyi Burluk was captured by Russian forces sometime in March 2022. The Russians began a military occupation, and later set up a military-civilian administration. On 8 April 2022, Russian forces routed an 13-mile long convoy of armored cars and trucks through Velikyi Burluk.[27][28] On 11 July 2022, the Russian-appointed military-civilian administration leader, Yevgeny Yunakov, was assassinated in a car bombing.[29]

Occupation representative Vitaly Ganchev stated the village was shelled on 9 September and advised citizens to evacuate.[30]

By 11 September, Ukrainian forces recaptured the village and ended its Russian occupation.[31]

Balakliia

The town of Balakliia was initially captured by pro-Russian forces on 3 March 2022 during the early stages of the Russian invasion.

On 6 September 2022, the Armed Forces of Ukraine conducted a large counteroffensive in the Balakliia direction, liberating nearby settlements and suburbs including Verbivka, Nova Husarivka, and Bayrak.[32]

By 8 September 2022, Ukrainian forces fully recaptured the city. Video footage was later released of Ukrainian soldiers flying the Ukrainian flag atop the District Administration Building, with the Russian flag laid on the ground.[33][34]

By the evening of 8 September, Ukrainian forces had penetrated over 50 km into formerly occupied territory and were already on the outskirts of the road and rail hub of Kupiansk, potentially severing Russian a supply and communications line south to Izium.

On 10 September, Ukraine fully recaptured the city, ending the military occupation in the city.[35]

Zaliznychne

Following the end of the Russian occupation on September 10, multiple bodies were discovered in the town of Zaliznychne, reportedly killed by Russian troops during the early days of the war.[36]

Control of settlements

Name Pop. Raion Held by As of More information
Balakliia 26,921 Izium  Ukraine[37] 8 Sep 2022 Captured by  Russia 3 March 2022.
Recaptured by  Ukraine 8 September.[38]
Barvinkove 8,110 Izium  Ukraine[39] 30 Apr 2022
Bohodukhiv 15,797 Bohodukhiv  Ukraine 24 Feb 2022
Bohuslavka 1330 Izium  Ukraine[40] 5 Oct 2022
Borivska Andriyivka 163 Izium  Ukraine[40] 5 Oct 2022
Borova 5,174 Izium  Ukraine 3 Oct 2022 Captured by  Russia 14 April 2022.[41]
Recaptured by  Ukraine on 3 October 2022.
Borshchivka 3,139 Izium  Ukraine[42] 9 Sep 2022
Cherkaski Tyshky 1,165 Kharkiv  Ukraine[43] 10 May 2022
Chkalovske 3,730 Chuhuiv  Ukraine[44] 9 Sep 2022 Captured by  Russia 16 March 2022.
Recaptured by  Ukraine 6 September 2022.
Chuhuiv 31,535 Chuhuiv  Ukraine[45] 7 Apr 2022 See Chuhuiv air base attack
Captured by  Russia 25 February 2022.
Recaptured by  Ukraine 7 March 2022.
Derhachi 17,433 Kharkiv  Ukraine[46] 6 Apr 2022
Dovhenke 850 Izium  Ukraine[47] 22 Aug 2022 See Battle of Dovhenke
Dvorichna 3,387 Kupiansk  Ukraine[48] 11 Sep 2022 Captured by  Russia 14 April 2022.
Recaptured by  Ukraine 11 September 2022.
Izium 45,884 Izium  Ukraine[49] 10 Sep 2022 See Battle of Izium, Izium mass graves
Captured by  Russia 27 March 2022.
Recaptured by  Ukraine by 10 September 2022.[49]
Hrushivka [uk] 1,294 Kupiansk  Ukraine[42] 8 Sep 2022
Husarivka 1,352 Izium  Ukraine[50] 27 Mar 2022 Captured by  Russia in 2022.
Recaptured by  Ukraine 26/27 March 2022.
Kharkiv 1,433,886 Kharkiv  Ukraine[51] 2 Mar 2022 See Battle of Kharkiv, Kharkiv cluster bombing, Dormitory missile strike, October missile strikes
Khotimlya 1,351 Chuhuiv  Ukraine[52] 10 Sep 2022
Kivsharivka 18,302 Kupiansk  Ukraine[53] 28 Sep 2022 Сaptured by  Russia in 2022.
Recaptured by  Ukraine on 28 September.
Kochetok 2,968 Chuhuiv  Ukraine[54] 3 May 2022
Kozacha Lopan 5,005 Kharkiv  Ukraine[55] 11 Sep 2022 Captured by  Russia in February 2022.
Recaptured by  Ukraine 11 September 2022.
Krasnohrad 20,013 Krasnohrad  Ukraine 24 Feb 2022
Kupiansk 27,169 Kupiansk  Ukraine[49] 10 Sep 2022 Captured by  Russia 27 February 2022.
Recaptured by  Ukraine by 10 September 2022.[49]
Kupiansk-Vuzlovyi 8,397 Kupiansk  Ukraine[56] 26 Sep 2022 Captured by  Russia in 2022.
Recaptured by  Ukraine 26 September 2022.[57]
Kutuzivka 1,184 Kharkiv  Ukraine[58] 28 Apr 2022
Lebyazhe 1,534 Chuhuiv  Ukraine[59] 20 Apr 2022
Liubotyn 20,376 Kharkiv  Ukraine 24 Feb 2022
Lozova 54,026 Lozova  Ukraine 24 Feb 2022
Lyptsi 4,182 Kharkiv  Ukraine[48] 11 Sep 2022 Captured by  Russia in 2022.
Recaptured by  Ukraine 11 September 2022.
Malynivka 7,500 Chuhuiv  Ukraine[60] 5 Apr 2022 Captured by  Russia in early 2022.
Recaptured by  Ukraine 5 April 2022.
Merefa 21,421 Kharkiv  Ukraine 24 Feb 2022
Oskil 3,217 Izium  Ukraine 7 Sep 2022 Captured by  Donetsk PR 5 May 2022.
Recaptured by  Ukraine 7 September 2022.
Pechenihy 5,058 Chuhuiv  Ukraine[54] 3 May 2022
Pervomaiskyi 28,986 Lozova  Ukraine 24 Feb 2022
Pisky-Radkivski 2,507 Izium  Ukraine[61] 26 Sep 2022

Captured by  Russia 2 March 2022.
Recaptured by  Ukraine 26 September 2022.

Petropavlivka 2,452 Kupiansk  Ukraine[62] 25 Sep 2022
Pivdenne 7,394 Kharkiv  Ukraine 24 Feb 2022
Protopopivka 1,253 Izium  Ukraine[63] 4 May 2022
Ruska Lozova 5,016 Kharkiv  Ukraine[64][65] 6 May 2022
Ruski Tyshky 1,908 Kharkiv  Ukraine[43] 10 May 2022
Savyntsi 5,266 Izium  Ukraine[66] 8 Sep 2022 Captured by  Russia in 2022.
Recaptured by  Ukraine 8 September 2022.
Shevchenkove 6,724 Kupiansk  Ukraine[67] 8 Sep 2022 Captured by  Russia in 2022.[68]
Recaptured by  Ukraine 8 September 2022.
Slatyne 6,076 Kharkiv  Ukraine[69] 9 Apr 2022
Staryi Saltiv 3,394 Chuhuiv  Ukraine[70] 2 May 2022 Captured by  Russia in 2022.
Recaptured by  Ukraine 2 May 2022.[71]
Studenok 1,440 Izium  Ukraine[72] 18 Sep 2022 Captured by  Russia March 2022.
Multiple reports said Russian forces withdrew 15 Sep 2022.[73]
Tavilzhanka 1,924 Kupiansk Contested:[74] 10 Oct 2022
Tsyrkuny 6,310 Kharkiv  Ukraine[75] 7 May 2022
Udy 1,677 Bohodukhiv  Ukraine[48] 11 Sep 2022  Russia advanced in the settlement on August 28.[76]
Recaptured by  Ukraine 11 September 2022.
Valky 8,721 Bohodukhiv  Ukraine 24 Feb 2022
Velykyi Burluk 3,656 Kupiansk  Ukraine[52] 11 Sep 2022 Captured by  Russia in March 2022.
Recaptured by  Ukraine 10 September 2022.
Verbivka [uk] 3515 Izium  Ukraine[77] 7 Sep 2022
Vovchansk 17,747 Chuhuiv  Ukraine 11 Sep 2022 Captured by  Russia in 2022.
Recaptured by  Ukraine 11 September 2022.[48][78]
Yakovenkove [uk] 1,126 Izium  Ukraine[44] 8 Sep 2022 Recaptured by  Ukraine 7 September 2022.
Zmiiv 14,071 Chuhuiv  Ukraine 24 Feb 2022
Zolochiv 7,926 Bohodukhiv  Ukraine[79] 10 Apr 2022

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Russian: Харьковская военно-гражданская администрация
  2. ^ Russian: Харьковская военно-гражданская администрация, Ukrainian: Харківська військово-цивільна адміністрація

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  75. ^ "AFU fully restores control over five villages in Kharkiv region – General Staff".
  76. ^ "Institute for the Study of War". Institute for the Study of War. Retrieved 6 September 2022.
  77. ^ "Russian Offensive Campaign Assessment, September 6". ISW. 6 September 2022. Retrieved 7 September 2022.
  78. ^ "Occupation authorities claim Russian troops leave Vovchansk, Kharkiv Oblast". Euromaidan Press. 10 September 2022.
  79. ^ "Death toll from missile strike on train station in Ukraine's Kramatorsk rises". France 24. 10 April 2022. Retrieved 11 April 2022.
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