Russian occupation of Kyiv Oblast

Military occupation by Russia
Russian occupation of Kyiv Oblast
Part of the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine
Russian Occupation of Kyiv Oblast.svg
Kyiv Oblast:

  Ukrainian territory never occupied
  Ukrainian territory liberated from occupation

Date24 February 2022–2 April 2022
(1 month, 1 week and 2 days)
LocationKyiv Oblast, Ukraine

The Russian occupation of Kyiv Oblast was a military occupation that began on the first day of the Russian Invasion of Ukraine; 24 February 2022. The capital, Kyiv was never captured during the invasion and was extensively bombed. However, many cities were captured near North and western parts of the Oblast.

Occupation

Arrival of Russian forces

On 24 February 2022, Russian forces began invading Ukraine with their main target being the capital, Kyiv. Russian forces entered Kyiv Oblast and quickly captured Chernobyl and Pripyat, in the Chernobyl Exclusion Zone.[1]

By 26 February 2022, Russian forces captured Hostomel, Borodianka, Vorzel and Bucha, and fought a gruesome battle for Antonov airport, which resulted in Russian victory.

Kyiv

On the morning of 25 February, three Russian saboteurs, dressed as Ukrainian soldiers, entered Obolon District, 10 kilometres (6 mi) north of the Verkhovna Rada building, the seat of the parliament of Ukraine.[2][3]

On 27 February, clashes between Ukrainian forces and Russian saboteurs continued. Meanwhile, local officials remained adamant that the city was still under full Ukrainian control. [4]

On February 28, a fresh wave of Russian troops advanced towards Kyiv, but little direct combat occurred, with only three missiles were fired at the city that day.[5] Satellite images revealed the existence of a long column of Russian vehicles heading to Kyiv along a 64-kilometre-long (40 mi) highway approaching Kyiv from the north, and was approximately 39 km (24 mi) from the center of Kyiv.[6][7]

On the morning of 1 March, the Russian Ministry of Defense issued an evacuation notice to local civilians that they intended to target Ukrainian transmission facilities around Kyiv and that all nearby residents should leave the area.[8] Hours later, a Russian missile struck the Kyiv TV Tower, killing five people and injuring five others.[9][10] Vitaly Klitschko, mayor of Kyiv, banned the sales of alcohol in Kyiv while appealing to shop owners and pharmacy chains not to “take advantage” of the situation by raising the prices of "food, essential goods and medicines".[11][better source needed]

On 22 March, Ukrainian forces launched a counter-offensive to drive the Russians away from the city. Ukrainian forces evacuated thousands of people from nearby suburbs and settlements, including 20,000 people in Boryspil alone, and took back surrounding villages and towns.[12][13]

Brovary and Lukyanivka

On 10 March, Russian armored vehicles were seen heading towards Brovary, shortly after capturing the town of Lukyanivka.[14] [15]

On 28 March, Ukrainian forces recaptured Lukyanivka and pushed Russian forces out of Brovary. In Lukyanivka, most houses were destroyed and damaged Russian tanks were left on the streets.[16][17][18]

On 29 March, Russia started to shell the Brovary area. A warehouse was set ablaze and nearby villages sustained heavy damage. [19]

Ukrainian Counteroffensive

On 28 March, Ukrainian forces won the battle of Irpin, and started recapturing many settlements.[20][21][22]

By 2 April, the Ukrainian military recaptured all of Kyiv Oblast, ending the occupation.[23][24]

Aftermath

Demining Operations

Russian troops scattered mines across areas from where they withdrew and demining operations began, with the United States planning to provide $89,000,000 for demining in Kyiv, Chernihiv, Zhytomyr and Sumy Oblasts.[25][26]

On 8 May, Yuliya Tymoshenko, people's deputy of Ukraine, announced that demining operations were complete in Kyiv Oblast. [27][28]

Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant

In Chernobyl, Russian soldiers stole dangerous radioactive dust and substances from the nuclear power plant's laboratory. [29][30][31]

War Crimes

Borodianka

Russian forces extensively bombed Borodianka, a town near Kyiv. Soldiers used cluster munitions to fire at residential building during the night. They also left mines in civilian areas.[32] [33]

Bucha

When Bucha was under Russian occupation, Russian soldiers raped, tied up and killed civilians in Bucha and left them to die on the streets. When Russian forces withdrew, they left countless tanks in destroyed civilian homes and left the dead bodies lying throughout the town, as well as mines. [34][35][36]

Irpin

On 6 March 2022, Russian forces shelled an intersection where residents of Irpin were fleeing to Kyiv, resulting in 8 deaths. [37]

Control of cities

Name Pop. Raion Held by As of More information
Bila Tserkva 208,737 Bila Tserkva  Ukraine 24 Feb 2022
Borodianka 13,044 Bucha  Ukraine[38][39] 1 Apr 2022 See Bombing of Borodianka
Brovary 109,473 Brovary  Ukraine[40] 1 Apr 2022 See Battle of Brovary
Bucha 36,971 Bucha  Ukraine[40] 1 Apr 2022 See Battle of Bucha, Bucha massacre
Captured by  Russia 12 March 2022.
Recaptured by  Ukraine 31 March 2022.
Buzova 1,548 Bucha  Ukraine[41] 1 Apr 2022
Chernobyl 2,500 Vyshhorod  Ukraine[42] 2 Apr 2022 See Capture of Chernobyl
Captured by  Russia 24 February 2022.
Recaptured by  Ukraine 2 April 2022.
Dymer 5,817 Vyshhorod  Ukraine[38] 1 Apr 2022 Captured by  Russia 2 March 2022.
Recaptured by  Ukraine 31 March 2022.
Fastiv 44,841 Fastiv  Ukraine[43] 17 Mar 2022
Hornostaipil 1,033 Vyshhorod  Ukraine[44] 3 Apr 2022 Captured by  Russia 24 February 2022.
Recaptured by  Ukraine 1 April 2022.
Hostomel 17,534 Bucha  Ukraine[41] 1 Apr 2022 See Battle of Hostomel, Battle of Antonov Airport
Captured by  Russia 25 February 2022.
Recaptured by  Ukraine 2 April 2022.
Irpin 62,456 Bucha  Ukraine[45][46] 1 Apr 2022 See Battle of Irpin, Irpin refugee column shelling
Partially captured by  Russia 14 March 2022.
Recaptured by  Ukraine 28 March 2022.
Ivankiv 10,563 Vyshhorod  Ukraine[39][41][38] 1 Apr 2022 See Battle of Ivankiv
Captured by  Russia 2 March 2022.
Recaptured by  Ukraine 1 April 2022.
Klavdiievo-Tarasove 5,019 Bucha  Ukraine[47] 2 Apr 2022 Captured by  Russia in 2022.
Recaptured by  Ukraine 1 April 2022.
Kyiv 2,962,180 none[a]  Ukraine[48] 28 Feb 2022 See Battle of Kyiv, Kyiv shopping centre bombing, Kyiv missile strikes
Makariv 9,589 Bucha  Ukraine[40] 1 Apr 2022 Captured by  Russia 28 February 2022.
Recaptured by  Ukraine 2 March 2022.
Nemishaieve 7,841 Bucha  Ukraine[44] 3 Mar 2022
Obukhiv 33,443 Obukhiv  Ukraine 24 Feb 2022
Shevchenkove 2,913 Brovary  Ukraine[49] 1 Apr 2022
Slavutych 24,685 Vyshhorod  Ukraine[50] 3 Apr 2022 Geographically within Chernihiv Oblast
See Battle of Slavutych
Captured by  Russia 26 March 2022.
Recaptured by  Ukraine 3 April 2022.
Vasylkiv 37,310 Obukhiv  Ukraine[51] 26 Feb 2022 See Battle of Vasylkiv
Velyka Dymerka 9,461 Brovary  Ukraine[52] 1 Apr 2022 Captured by  Russia in 2022.
Recaptured by  Ukraine 1 April 2022.
Vorzel 6,766 Bucha  Ukraine[53] 1 Apr 2022
Vyshhorod 22,933 Vyshhorod  Ukraine[54] 7 Mar 2022

See also

Notes

References

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