Snake (album)

1972 album by Exuma
Exuma - Snake (1972) cover art.jpg
Studio album by
Released1972 (1972)
StudioBell Sound (New York City)[1]
LabelKama Sutra
Exuma chronology
Do Wah Nanny

Snake is the fourth studio album by Bahamian folk musician Exuma, released in 1972 through Kama Sutra Records.[2][3]


Professional ratings
Review scores

Upon its release, Lynn Van Matre of the Chicago Tribune called the album "Wholly weird and mostly wonderful."[2] In a retrospective review, J. Chandler of AllMusic commended the album's cover artwork but wrote that the album's music content "is pretty indistinguishable from the rest of the low-budget drugged out hippie Hare Krishna rock-jazz chant music being made at the time."[4]

Track listing

All tracks are written by Exuma.

Side one
1."Obeah, Obeah O"3:50
3."Don't Let Go"2:33
4."Attica Part 1"7:00
Total length:16:13
Side two
1."Thirteenth Sunday"3:27
2."Subway Bound for Hell"3:40
3."Happiness and Sunshine"5:54
4."Summertime in New York"3:37
5."Andros Is Atlantis Rising"3:37
6."Exuma's Reincarnation"3:22
Total length:23:37


Adapted from the album's liner notes.[1]

  • Exuma – lead vocals, guitar, background vocals, cowbells, calling bells, triangle
  • Yogi Achmed Benn Mansel – background vocals
  • Sally O'Brien – background vocals
  • Tonice Gwathney – background vocals
  • Barbara Simon "Omolaye" – background vocals
  • Michael O'Neil – background vocals, congas, saxophone
  • Michael B. Olatunji – talking drum, African congas, African shaker
  • Michael Laneve – timbales
  • John Russo – electric bass, violin, lead guitar (on "Don't Let Go")
  • George J. Clemmons "Duke" – upright bass
  • Jeffory Miller – set drums
  • Stanley Wiley – piano
  • Akinjorin Omolade "Juice" – lead saxophone, African drums
  • Jerry Gongales – trumpet
  • Carl Jennings – trumpet
  • Cuchlow Eliebank – steel pan
  • Dave Libert – piano (on "Don't Let Go", "Happiness", and "Sunshine")


  1. ^ a b From the album's liner notes.
  2. ^ a b Matre, Lynn Van (March 19, 1972). "Good 'Uns". Chicago Tribune. Chicago, Illinois. Archived from the original on August 12, 2022. Retrieved August 12, 2022 – via
  3. ^ Paton, Diana; Forde, Maarit, eds. (2012). Obeah and Other Powers: The Politics of Caribbean Religion and Healing. Duke University Press. p. 77. ISBN 978-0822351337.
  4. ^ a b Chandler, J. "Exuma - Snake". AllMusic. Retrieved August 12, 2022.
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