Oleksandr Syrskyi

Ukrainian military officer (born 1965)

AwardsHero of Ukraine Hero of Ukraine

Oleksandr Stanislavovych Syrskyi (Ukrainian: Олександр Станіславович Сирський; born 26 July 1965) is a Ukrainian military officer. Holding the rank of Colonel general, he has been the commander of the Ukrainian Ground Forces since 2019. Previously, he was the commander of the Joint Forces Operation from May to August 2019.

During the Russian invasion of Ukraine, Syrskyi commanded the defence of Kyiv. From September 2022, he commands the Kharkiv counteroffensive.[1]

Biography

Before the war in Donbass in the 2000s, he commanded the 72nd Mechanized Brigade and was promoted to major general.

As of 2013, he was the First Deputy Chief of the Main Command Center of the Armed Forces of Ukraine, and was involved in the then processes of cooperation with NATO. In November 2013, Syrskyi, on behalf of the Ministry of Defense, discussed changes to the Ukrainian army in accordance with NATO standards at NATO headquarters.

War in Donbas

With the beginning of the war in Eastern Ukraine he was the chief of staff of anti-terrorist operations.[2]

In particular, he was one of the chief commanders of the anti-terrorist operation forces during the battle of Debaltseve in the winter of 2015, together with the Chief of the General Staff of the Armed Forces of Ukraine Viktor Muzhenko they went to the city itself. He led the battles in Vuhlehirsk, the village of Ridkodub and an unsuccessful attempt to recapture Logvinov. He also coordinated the withdrawal of the Ukrainian military from Debaltseve.[3] Under his leadership, possible routes of crossing the Karapulka River were blown up.

Oleksandr Syrskyi was awarded the Order of Bohdan Khmelnytsky III degree and later received the rank of lieutenant general due to his achievement during the battle of Debaltseve.[4][5]

In 2016, he headed the Joint Operational Headquarters of the Armed Forces of Ukraine, which coordinates the operational actions of various Ukrainian security forces in the Donbas. In 2017, he was the commander of the entire Anti-Terrorist Operation in eastern Ukraine, which was later replaced by Joint Forces Operation.[6][7]

From 6 May to 5 August 2019 he was the commander of the Joint Operational Staff of the Armed Forces of Ukraine.[8][9]

Since 5 August 2019, Syrskyi has been the Commander of the Ground Forces of the Armed Forces of Ukraine.[10][11] On 23 August 2020, he was promoted to the rank of colonel general.[12] The rank is no longer awarded in the Ukrainian army since 1 October of the same year, but Syrskyi retained it, being at this moment the only Ukrainian military officer left in active service to hold this particular rank.

2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine

During the Russian Invasion of Ukraine, Syrskyi initially organised and lead the defense of Kyiv.[13]

With Valerii Zaluzhnyi during the battle for Kyiv, 2022

In April 2022, Syrskyi was given the Hero of Ukraine award for his efforts. In September 2022, media reported that Syrskyi is the architect behind the successful Kharkiv counteroffensive.[14][15] Syrskyi has been described as “the most successful general of the 21st century so far.”[16]

Awards

References

  1. ^ Ministry of Defence of Ukraine [@DefenceU] (10 September 2022). "[...] The Commander of Ukrainian Land Forces, Hero of Ukraine, Colonel General Oleksandr Syrskyi is leading the Ukrainian offensive in this sector. [...]" (Tweet). Archived from the original on 11 September 2022. Retrieved 11 September 2022 – via Twitter.
  2. ^ "Порошенко призначив Олександра Сирського новим командувачем ООС: що про нього відомо". 24 Канал (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 6 December 2021.
  3. ^ "Новий командир на Донбасі: що відомо про генерала Сирського". BBC News Україна (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 6 December 2021.
  4. ^ "УКАЗ ПРЕЗИДЕНТА УКРАЇНИ №144/2015". Офіційне інтернет-представництво Президента України (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 6 December 2021.
  5. ^ "Новий командир на Донбасі: що відомо про генерала Сирського". BBC News Україна (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 6 December 2021.
  6. ^ "Операцію Об'єднаних сил замість Наєва очолив Сирський – Новинарня". novynarnia.com (in Ukrainian). 6 May 2019. Retrieved 6 December 2021.
  7. ^ "Призначення нового командуючого ООС генерала Сирського: хто він і що це означає?". ukrinform.ua (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 6 December 2021.
  8. ^ "УКАЗ ПРЕЗИДЕНТА УКРАЇНИ №194/2019". Офіційне інтернет-представництво Президента України (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 6 December 2021.
  9. ^ "Порошенко призначив новим командувачем Об'єднаних сил Олександра Сирського". Радіо Свобода (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 6 December 2021.
  10. ^ "УКАЗ ПРЕЗИДЕНТА УКРАЇНИ №578/2019". Офіційне інтернет-представництво Президента України (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 6 December 2021.
  11. ^ "Олександр Сирський, командувач Сухопутних військ ЗСУ, генерал-полковник". ukrinform.ua (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 6 December 2021.
  12. ^ "УКАЗ ПРЕЗИДЕНТА УКРАЇНИ №346/2020". Офіційне інтернет-представництво Президента України (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 11 September 2022.
  13. ^ Sonne, Paul; Khurshudyan, Isabelle (24 August 2022). "Battle for Kyiv: Ukrainian valor, Russian blunders combined to save the capital". The Washington Post. Retrieved 27 September 2022.
  14. ^ "Oleksandr Syrskyi, o coronel-general que está a orquestrar a contraofensiva na Ucrânia".
  15. ^ "Russia Confirms Flight of Troops from Ukraine's Kharkiv Area". Bloomberg.com.
  16. ^ Ledwidge, Frank (13 September 2022). "Kharkiv offensive has shown the west that Ukraine can win". The Conversation. Retrieved 27 September 2022.
  17. ^ "УКАЗ ПРЕЗИДЕНТА УКРАЇНИ №144/2015". GOV.UA (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 11 September 2022.
  18. ^ "УКАЗ ПРЕЗИДЕНТА УКРАЇНИ №145/2022". GOV.UA (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 11 September 2022.
  19. ^ "УКАЗ ПРЕЗИДЕНТА УКРАЇНИ №533/2022". Офіційне інтернет-представництво Президента України (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 11 September 2022.
  20. ^ "УКАЗ ПРЕЗИДЕНТА УКРАЇНИ №213/2022". Офіційне інтернет-представництво Президента України (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 11 September 2022.

External links

  • General Syrskyi in liberated Balaklia in Kharkiv Oblast on YouTube (10 September 2022)
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