2022 North Caucasian protests

Anti-war and anti-mobilization protests
2022 North Caucasian protests
Part of the 2022 anti-war protests in Russia
and 2022 Russian partisan movement
Date21–30 September 2022 (2022-09-21 – 2022-09-30)
Location
Northern Caucasus regions, Russia
Caused by
  • Mobilization in Russia
  • Ramzan Kadyrov's rule in Chechnya
Goals
  • Cancellation of mobilization in the regions of the Caucasus
Methods
  • Demonstrations
  • Internet activism
  • Civil disobedience
  • Clashes with police
Resulted inProtests suppressed
Parties to the civil conflict

Russia Government of Russia:

  • Ministry of Defence
  • MVD
    • Police of Russia
  • National Guard of Russia
    • OMON
  • Government of Chechnya
  • Government of Dagestan
  • Government of Kabardino-Balkaria
Lead figures
  • Vladimir Putin
  • Sergei Shoigu
  • Ramzan Kadyrov
  • Sergey Melikov
  • Kazbek Kokov
  • No centralized leadership
Casualties
Detained100+ (25 September)[3]
200+ (26 September)[4][5]

With the beginning of mobilization in Russia, anti-war and anti-mobilization protests broke out in Chechnya, Dagestan and other regions of the Russian Caucasus.

On 25 September, mass protests took place in the capital of Dagestan, Makhachkala, which ended in fights with the police and dispersal.[6][7]

History

21 September

On September 21, in the capital of Chechnya, Grozny, on the day the mobilization was announced in Russia, several dozen women tried to hold a protest rally against it. All of them were detained. The action provoked an angry reaction from the head of Chechnya, Ramzan Kadyrov.[8][9]

22 September

Babayurt

On 22 September, in Babayurt, the Republic of Dagestan, the federal highway was blocked at the exit from the village. Also, a group of villagers gathered near the local military registration and enlistment office, where there was a clash between them and an employee of the military registration and enlistment office.[10][11]

Baksan

Women protested in Baksan, Kabardino-Balkaria, they were crying and screaming. [12]

25 September

Endirey

On 25 September, residents of Endirey, Khasavyurtovsky District of Dagestan, took part in a rally against mobilization and blocked the Khasavyurt-Makhachkala federal highway.[13] The reason for the protest was the mass mobilization, and not the partial mobilization promised by President Putin. It was planned to mobilize 110 people from a village with a population of 8,000, including those who had recently returned from the army.[14][15]

The security forces fired into the air to stop the rally.[13][16] About a hundred people gathered.[14][17] After the speech of the military commissar, the protesters dispersed.[15]

Nalchik

On the same day, a protest action - also with the participation of primarily women - was held in Nalchik, Kabardino-Balkaria. Several dozens of local residents took to the rally in front of the government building.[18]

Makhachkala

The Telegram channels Morning Dagestan and 1ADAT acted as the initiators and coordinators of the rallies.[19][20]

On the afternoon of September 25, people, mostly women, gathered for a protest in the center of Makhachkala. The protesters chanted "No to war!", "No mobilization" and "Our children are not fertilizer!"[15] When up to several protesters gathered at a rally near the Puppet Theater, the police began arrests.[13]

According to eyewitnesses, stun guns and peppercorns were used during the arrest, protesters, including women, were beaten with batons and shot into the air.[21][15] According to OVD-Info, at least 101 people were arrested.[22] The administrator of the telegram channel "Basement of Dagestan", which broadcast the events at the rally, was searched.[23]

The events were covered by the journalists of the Chernovik newspaper, they reported on the obstruction of journalistic activities by the security forces. The Caucasian Knot correspondent was detained.[15]

To calm the protesters, the Dagestan military commissar announced that people who do not have military experience, as well as conscripts, are not subject to conscription. He also called the rumors about 13,000 people subject to conscription in the republic false.[13] Against the backdrop of protests, the head of Dagestan, Sergey Melikov, announced the mistakes made during mobilization activities,[15] the next day he promised to personally check the mobilization points.[24] He also called the organizers "evil"[25] The head of the Ministry of Youth of the Republic of Dagestan Kamil Saidov spoke about the paid shares by the West.[26] The mayor of Makhachkala called the protest an attempt to disrupt the Day of the City of Makhachkala, which took place in parallel with the rally.[26]

By the end of the day, the protest was dispersed by Rosgvardia troops.[27][28][29][30] OVD-Info, following the results of the action reported "very tough" detentions.[6]

Shortly after the dispersal of protests in Dagestan, the organizers decided to organize a partisan movement. According to the organizers of the partisan movement, "as early as 26 September, everyone will see their plan."[31][32] At night, the organizers announced an ultimatum demanding the release of all detainees, otherwise they threatened to block federal highways in the republic and stop railway communication.[33]

26 September

Nalchik

A rally was held in Nalchik, Kabardino-Balkaria. The protesters were joined by local officials. They refused to answer questions about how many people would be mobilized from the republic.[34]

Nartkala

Protests were reported in Nartkala and photographs were published.[35][36]

Khasavyurt

In the city of Khasavyurt, about a hundred people came out to protest. There were skirmishes between the security forces and the protesters.[37] The police carried out harsh arrests of protesters.[38]

Makhachkala

From 15:00 local time, people began to gather on the central square of Makhachkala. Soon, a mass brawl between protesters and police began on the central square. It is known about 110 detainees.[39]

The square was cordoned off by the police and the National Guard from the very beginning. Eyewitnesses reported that security forces were beating protesters, while National Guard officers also threatened journalists and demanded that the video of the arrests be removed. The security forces also used tear gas against the protesters.[40][41]

30 September

Protest actions were announced in Makhachkala and other cities of Dagestan on 30 September.[42] On the morning of September 30, there were reports that the FSB had detained some administrators and members of telegram channels that published calls for rallies.[43] In the pro-government media, such telegram channels were called “created as part of the information and subversive action of the CIPSO GUR of the Ministry of Defense of Ukraine under the patronage of the US CIA”.[44]

Makhachkala

According to Kavkaz.Realii, policemen set up barriers in the central square of the city, and an increased presence of law enforcement officers was observed around the square.[42]

There was also a cluster of police near some mosques in the city. Most likely, law enforcement agencies were afraid that after Friday prayers, parishioners would go to demonstrations.[45]

Senior students in six schools in Makhachkala, located in the center or close to it, were kept at school until 6-7 pm, extending the school day. At the same time, there were schools where classes were held as usual.[46]

Cases against detainees

On 27 September, the press secretary of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, Ravina Shamdasani, called on the Russian authorities to release the Russians detained for the protests, highlighting the situation in Dagestan. It was stated: "We emphasize that the arrest of people solely for exercising their right to peaceful assembly and freedom of expression constitutes arbitrary deprivation of liberty."[47][48]

As of 28 September, 30 criminal cases have been initiated in Dagestan against those detained at the protests. Some of the cases are being handled by human rights activists from OVD-Info, lawyers report that all the defendants have bodily injuries.[49] Lawyer Nadezhda Borodkina, who is in charge of 4 cases, said that the detainees were tortured in police departments.[50]

Reactions

On 23 September, the head of Chechnya, Ramzan Kadyrov, stated that mobilization in the region was cancelled.[51]

On 25 September, the head of Dagestan, Sergey Melikov, stated that "a number of mistakes were made in the course of partial mobilization in the constituent entities of Russia." He asked for residents to report violations of citizens' legal rights and claimed that all the incidents would be investigated.[52]

During the rallies on 25 September, President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelenskyy issued an appeal to Dagestanis supporting the protest and urging them to resist the mobilization.[53]

On 26 September, the head of Dagestan stated that "The protests in Makhachkala were controlled from abroad".[54]

See also

References

  1. ^ https://t.me/orange_east/28742 В Дагестане был замечен флаг протеста против мобилизации, созданный по аналогии с бело-сине-белым российской оппозиции.
  2. ^ https://t.me/IADAT/14657 Принесите палатки и стройте барикады. Помогайте тем, кто уже несколько часов на митинге. Все в центр, и до конца никуда не уходим. Да хранит вас Аллах.
  3. ^ https://ovd.news/news/2022/09/25/spiski-zaderzhannyh-v-svyazi-s-akciyami-protiv-mobilizacii-25-sentyabrya Новости Свобода собраний Списки задержанных в связи с акциями против мобилизации 25 сентября
  4. ^ https://t.me/kavkazrealii/11506 Махачкала — уже 110 задержанных сегодня, сообщает наш источник.
  5. ^ https://t.me/kavkazrealii/11503 В Хасавюрте, где также люди протестовали против мобилизации на войну РФ с Украиной, по данным источников Кавказ.Реалии, задержаны около 20 человек.
  6. ^ a b "В Махачкале массовые протесты против мобилизации. Десятки человек задержаны, в том числе журналист, есть избитые". Настоящее Время (in Russian). Retrieved 2022-09-25.
  7. ^ "Стрельба и перекрытая трасса. В Дагестане бунт против мобилизации набирает обороты". РБК-Украина (in Russian). Retrieved 2022-09-25.
  8. ^ "В Грозном женщины попытались провести акцию против мобилизации". Радио Свобода (in Russian). Retrieved 2022-09-25.
  9. ^ "«Они враги народа». Чеченские женщины попытались провести антивоенный митинг в Грозном, Кадыров предложил отправить на фронт их родственников". Медиазона (in Russian). Retrieved 2022-09-25.
  10. ^ "Жители Бабаюрта мобилизовались и перекрыли федеральную трассу | Черновик". chernovik.net. Retrieved 22 September 2022.
  11. ^ "«Это все политика!»: мобилизация в Дагестане спровоцировала бунт — видео". nv.ua (in Russian). Retrieved 22 September 2022.
  12. ^ In Kabardino-Balkaria, women come out to protest against mobilization
  13. ^ a b c d "Протесты против мобилизации в России: в Дагестане - стрельба и скандирование "нет войне", в Якутии - хоровод". BBC News Русская служба (in Russian). 2022-09-25. Retrieved 2022-09-26.
  14. ^ a b "В Дагестане полиция стреляла в воздух, разгоняя акцию протеста против мобилизации". Настоящее Время (in Russian). Retrieved 2022-09-26.
  15. ^ a b c d e f "Женщины в Дагестане и других регионах вышли протестовать против мобилизации Таких ожесточенных протестов в стране не было очень давно. Главное". Meduza (in Russian). Retrieved 2022-09-26.
  16. ^ "У селения Эндирей полиция выстрелами в воздух пытается разогнать противников мобилизации | Черновик". chernovik.net. Retrieved 2022-09-25.
  17. ^ "Anti-mobilisation protests spread in Russia". Financial Times. 2022-09-25. Retrieved 2022-09-25.
  18. ^ "Протесты против мобилизации в России: в Дагестане - стрельба и скандирование "нет войне", в Якутии - хоровод". BBC News Русская служба (in Russian). 2022-09-25. Retrieved 2022-09-25.
  19. ^ Узел, Кавказский. "Акция в Махачкале завершилась после жестких задержаний протестующих". Кавказский Узел. Retrieved 2022-09-26.
  20. ^ "В ОП считают, что акции протеста против мобилизации в Дагестане координировал Киев". РАПСИ (in Russian). 2022-09-26. Retrieved 2022-09-26.
  21. ^ "Протесты против мобилизации: в Дагестане начались массовые задержания (видео)". www.unian.net (in Russian). Retrieved 2022-09-26.
  22. ^ "Списки задержанных в связи с акциями против мобилизации 25 сентября". ОВД-News (in Russian). Retrieved 2022-09-26.
  23. ^ "У администратора телеграм-канала «Подвал Дагестана» проводят обыск". ОВД-News (in Russian). Retrieved 2022-09-26.
  24. ^ "Глава Дагестана будет лично посещать мобилизационные пункты во избежание необъективного призыва | Черновик". chernovik.net. Retrieved 2022-09-26.
  25. ^ "Нечисть из 90-х — Меликов о тех, кто раскачивает Дагестан". EADaily (in Russian). Retrieved 2022-09-26.
  26. ^ a b "Митинг женщин Дагестана в Махачкале сопровождался рукоприкладством в отношении женщин со стороны полицейских | Черновик". chernovik.net. Retrieved 2022-09-26.
  27. ^ "В Махачкале на митинге против мобилизации силовики жестко задерживают протестующих". RFE/RL (in Russian). Retrieved 2022-09-25.
  28. ^ "Полиция разогнала митинг против мобилизации в Махачкале". Радио Свобода (in Russian). Retrieved 2022-09-25.
  29. ^ Массовые протесты в Дагестане 25 сентября и их разгон: как это было (in Russian), retrieved 2022-09-25
  30. ^ "Полиция открыла стрельбу: в Дагестане протестующие против мобилизации перекрыли трассу". Факти. 25 September 2022. Retrieved 25 September 2022.
  31. ^ "Охота на тех, кто проводит мобилизацию: в Дагестане создали партизанское движение". 24 Канал (in Russian). Retrieved 2022-09-25.
  32. ^ Началова, Марина (2022-09-25). "Протестующие в Дагестане объявили о старте партизанского движения и выдвинули ультиматум: "Трассы запылают!"". Новости в 'Час Пик' (in Russian). Retrieved 2022-09-25.
  33. ^ ""Флешмоб" с портретом Путина и ультиматум: в Дагестане протесты набирают оборот". ТСН.ua (in Russian). 2022-09-25. Retrieved 2022-09-26.
  34. ^ "В Дагестане начались новые стихийные митинги против мобилизации". RFE/RL (in Russian). Retrieved 2022-09-26.
  35. ^ "В Дагестане второй день протесты против мобилизации". www.kasparov.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 2022-09-26.
  36. ^ "Кавказ.Реалии". Telegram. Retrieved 2022-09-26.
  37. ^ "Массовая драка в Махачкале и задержания. В Дагестане новые митинги против мобилизации". РБК-Украина (in Russian). Retrieved 2022-09-26.
  38. ^ "В Дагестане новые протесты: в центре Махачкалы массовая драка, есть задержание". Fakty.ua. 26 September 2022. Retrieved 26 September 2022.
  39. ^ "В Дагестане начались новые стихийные митинги против мобилизации". RFE/RL (in Russian). Retrieved 2022-09-26.
  40. ^ "Не хотят идти на убой. В Дагестане продолжают протестовать против мобилизации, произошла стычка с полицией". nv.ua (in Russian). Retrieved 2022-09-26.
  41. ^ "В Дагестане жестко разогнали митинг против мобилизации (видео)". ФОКУС (in Russian). 2022-09-26. Retrieved 2022-09-26.
  42. ^ a b "В Махачкале и других городах Дагестана на сегодня были аннонсированы протестные митинги против мобилизации". Kavkaz.Realii. Retrieved 2022-10-20.
  43. ^ "ФСБ задержало администраторов тг-каналов, подконтрольных разведке Украины". Новое Дело (in Russian). Retrieved 2022-10-20.
  44. ^ "Силовики заявили о задержаниях участников оппозиционных каналов в Дагестане". RFE/RL (in Russian). Retrieved 2022-10-20.
  45. ^ "Кавказ.Реалии". Telegram. Retrieved 2022-10-20.
  46. ^ "Кавказ.Реалии". Telegram. Retrieved 2022-10-20.
  47. ^ "Arrests in Russia at protests over troop mobilization". OHCHR. Retrieved 2022-10-20.
  48. ^ "Russia: Alarm over arrests of military mobilization protesters". UN News. 2022-09-27. Retrieved 2022-10-20.
  49. ^ "В Дагестане после акций против мобилизации возбудили около 30 уголовных дел". ОВД-News (in Russian). Retrieved 2022-10-20.
  50. ^ "Задержанных в ходе антивоенных акций в Махачкале пытали в полиции". RFE/RL (in Russian). Retrieved 2022-10-20.
  51. ^ Узел, Кавказский. "Отмена мобилизации в Чечне стала реакцией на протест матерей в Грозном". Кавказский Узел. Retrieved 2022-09-25.
  52. ^ "Глава Дагестана признал ошибки чиновников при мобилизации". ura.news. Retrieved 2022-09-25.
  53. ^ "Зеленский о протестах в Дагестане: Начали понимать". korrespondent.net (in Russian). Retrieved 2022-09-26.
  54. ^ "Глава Дагестана: «Акции в Махачкале управлялись из-за рубежа» | Республика Дагестан". ФедералПресс (in Russian). Retrieved 2022-09-26.
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